Worktrek 1

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Week 1 of Worktrek Toweards Jerusalem June 2011

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Worktrek 1

  1. 1. Worktrek 1<br />Towards Jerusalem<br />June 2011<br />
  2. 2. Itinerary<br />Mon: Tel Aviv to Jericho<br />Tue: Jericho, Ramallah, Nablus<br />Wed: Nablus, Sebastia, Nazareth<br />Thu: Galilee, Capernaum, Nazareth<br />Fri: Galilee, Banyas, Golan, Nazareth<br />Sat: Bet Sean, Qumran, Wilderness<br />Sun: Bethlehem, Wilderness<br />Mon: Bethlehem<br />The second week was based in Bethlehem, with visits to Herodium, Hebron, Jerusalem, Masada, Engedi, Dead Sea<br />Mon: via YadVashem to Tel Aviv<br />
  3. 3. Monday – Tel Aviv to Jericho<br />
  4. 4. Jericho Intercontinental Hotel<br />A SPOT OF LUXURY TO SET THE TONE<br />
  5. 5. Tuesday – Mount of Temptation<br />Monastery on a Mountain.<br />
  6. 6. Mount of Temptation, Jericho<br />Cable cars<br />Fertile land<br />
  7. 7. Three cities of Jericho<br />1. old city – excavated – deep pits show levels<br />No remains from Joshua.<br />Rebuilt in Ahab’s time.<br />Zedekiah fled there before he was captured.<br />Saw his sons killed, then lost his eyes before going into exile.<br />
  8. 8. Three cities of Jericho<br />2. NEW TESTAMENT CITY<br />Different site<br />Now just ruins<br />3. CURRENT CITY<br />Oldest inhabited town<br />
  9. 9. From Jericho to Nablus<br />winding road<br />bedouin<br />
  10. 10. Bedouin<br />Keep animals in desert<br />Live in tents<br />Government pressure to live in houses<br />
  11. 11. Ramallah (God’s Mountain)<br />carob juice seller<br />yasserarafat’s tomb<br />
  12. 12. Dr HusamZomlot<br />international relations<br />FATAH Deputy commissioner for<br />The right of the Palestinians to self-determination is clear.<br />Israel must pull out of the occupied territories.<br />Palestinians have protested peacefully, but since the peace process began, Israeli settlements have trebled.<br />
  13. 13. Why does Israel break the law? <br />Fear factor<br />Ignorance factor<br />Comfort factor<br />Balance of power<br />ANC: worse than South Africa<br />Aim - ‘ethnic cleansing’<br />Means – intimidation & force<br />
  14. 14. Israeli Government Policy<br />un-nationalise Palestine<br />separate West Bank from Gaza<br />occupy West Bank by building illegal settlements and military bases<br />carve up the West Bank by “Israeli-only” roads<br />politically – eliminate Palestinian power<br />socio-economically – strangle Palestinians<br />make it difficult for Palestinians to stay<br />confiscate ID’s of Palestinians whose life is not based in Jerusalem for 3 years<br />
  15. 15. How should Palestinians respond?<br />Negotiation is a futile game<br />Resist peacefully (keep moral high ground)<br />International pressure – boycott Israeli goods<br />Hamas and Fatah need to get together<br />Build institutions to serve Palestinians <br />(not to demonstrate being worthy of statehood)<br />Focus on Palestinians’ right to move freely within their own country<br />
  16. 16. Important factors – for and against<br />IN FAVOUR of resolution<br />obstacles<br />Most people want peace<br />Judaism is about justice<br />5 main pro-Palestine voices in USA are all Jews<br />Obama favours a 2-state solution & UN recognition<br />60% of Israelis are Arab Jews from North Africa<br />Evangelical Zionism in USA<br />80 million want Israel to pave the way for Messiah<br />The West is cowardly <br />e.g. Britain favours a 2-state solution, but does nothing<br />1967 recognition of Israel as a state, but Palestine only as a people (rep by PLO)<br />‘disputed’ or ‘occupied’?<br />
  17. 17. Wednesday -Nablus (‘new city’)<br />Built by Romans on ancient site of Shechem<br />
  18. 18. Acts 8 – “a city of Samaria”?<br />
  19. 19. Samaritans<br />Smallest minority in the world<br />Left behind after Assyrian invasion of Northern kingdom (722 BCE)<br />Only 700 remain<br />400 live in Nablus<br />Only accept Torah<br />
  20. 20. Nablus High Street<br />
  21. 21. Nablus Market<br />
  22. 22. Nablus Market<br />
  23. 23. Nablus Market<br />
  24. 24. Nablus – local sweet speciality <br />SOFT CHEESE & sugar<br />£1.50<br />
  25. 25. Bread shops<br />
  26. 26. Nablus Soap Factory<br />inside<br />outside<br />
  27. 27. Former Soap Factory – bombed <br />
  28. 28. Nablus Anglican Church<br />
  29. 29. Father Ibrahim<br />
  30. 30. Five problems<br />Jerusalem<br />Borders & checkpoints<br />Settlements<br />Water<br />Refugee camps<br />All overcome by 1-state solution<br />
  31. 31. Practical steps<br />Gathers Muslims, Christians & Samaritans together.<br />Joint youth camps.<br />All Imams in Nablus gather together regularly for a meal at the church. <br />
  32. 32. Jacob’s Well<br />Between Mt Gerazim (blessings) & Mt Nebo (curses).<br />Story of Jacob’s well parallels modern water struggle.<br />Palestinians can only dig 70 m. OK for surface water, but not for artesian wells (‘living water’ in Jn 4).<br />
  33. 33. Orthodox Convent<br />Very few Greek Orthodox churches left: most taken over by Franciscans.<br />Destroyed in 529 - Justinian’s persecution<br /> and 614 - Persian invasion.<br />Present convent rebuilt in 1990. <br />
  34. 34. The road to Sebastia (Samaria)<br />Olive trees cut down by army.<br />Some over 100 yrs old.<br />Destroy evidence that Palestinians have been there for generations.<br />Palestinian farmers have to grow citrus fruit – less profitable. <br />
  35. 35. Parallel with Nebuchadnezzar<br />Cut down trees<br />Put stones in fields<br />Block wells<br />Aim - make land less inhabitable<br />Nehemiah had to undo the damage<br />
  36. 36. The road to Sebastia (Samaria)<br />
  37. 37. Hussam’s story<br />Visited Jerusalem as a boy with his father<br />Not to speak Arabic in public<br />Arrested at 15 for not carrying papers<br />Enjoyed stoning soldiers<br />Arrested at 17, interrogated for 54 days<br />6 months in prison.<br />City decided not to pay taxes to Israel<br />Resisted debt collectors<br />‘Wanted person’ – shot in the leg<br />3 months in hospital<br />1991 – 15 days in prison<br />Spoke to a guard who seemed OK.<br />
  38. 38. Hussam’s story<br />Introduced to nonviolence<br />Became a tour guide<br />Studied nonviolence<br />MA in conflict resolution<br />Now trains people in nonviolence in West Bank<br />Sees his previous acts as nonviolent resistance<br />Active and non-active ways of being non-violent<br />Active options: awareness raising, direct action and strategic campaigns<br />
  39. 39. Sebastia (Samaria)<br />
  40. 40. “Samaria”<br />can refer to<br />the region of Samaria<br />the city of Samaria<br />a city of Samaria <br />The capital city was<br />first Shechem (Nablus)<br />then Samaria (Omri)<br />
  41. 41. Three temples in Samaria<br />Ahab<br />Omri<br />Herod<br />
  42. 42. Travel to Nazareth<br />Passed olive trees planted hundreds of years ago.<br />Olive trees take 75 years to mature, and live almost forever.<br />‘People of the land’ love the land and invest their lives in it.<br />
  43. 43. Nazareth Guest House<br />
  44. 44. Thursday - Nazareth<br />
  45. 45. Nazareth<br />
  46. 46. Mount of Beatitudes<br />‘Blessed’ [‘tooba’ in Aramaic] is an active word – ‘standing up, being involved’ <br />
  47. 47. Capernaum<br />
  48. 48. Peter’s house, Capernaum<br />
  49. 49. Capernaum Synagogue<br />Solid wall to north<br />External stairs to balcony for women<br />Men (downstairs) have better view<br />Jewish Christians<br />1 Cor 14:35<br /> “ask their husbands at home”<br />
  50. 50. Boat - Lake of Galilee<br />
  51. 51. Friday<br />
  52. 52. Breaking bread by the Lake<br />
  53. 53. Hazor National Park<br />“tell”<br />city set on a hill<br />Canaanite period<br />
  54. 54. Caesarea Philippi<br />Gates of Hades<br />Temple to Pan<br />Also called Panyas<br />
  55. 55. Caesarea Philippi<br />St George (El Hadr) was a Druze<br />Became a Christian & local hero.<br />‘Killing the dragon’ was probably stopping the annual sacrifice of a virgin to the river dragon.<br />
  56. 56. Golan Heights (Southern Syria)<br />Druze village<br />Lunch in a house/school<br />Medical Centre<br />Minefields<br />
  57. 57. Who are the Druze?<br />Branch of Islam.<br />Roots are a mixture of Greek philosophy and Buddhism.<br />
  58. 58. Nazareth Synagogue Church<br />Saturday<br />Luke 4:16-30<br />
  59. 59.
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  70. 70.
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  73. 73.
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  75. 75.
  76. 76.
  77. 77. Sunday<br />
  78. 78. Church of the Nativity<br />
  79. 79.
  80. 80.
  81. 81. Monday - Final wilderness meal<br />Then travel to Bethlehem<br />3 Christian cities in W. Bank<br />Bethlehem<br />BeitSahour<br />BeitJalla has 9,000 Christians and a further 60,000 in Chile<br />
  82. 82. The Wall<br />

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