Ordinary Jewish Life


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Ordinary Jewish Life

  1. 1. Typical Jewish everyday life in Zaglebie Dabrowskie and in the west of Malopolska Ordinary day, Shabbat and kosher food
  2. 2. Ordinary Day: <ul><li>Work in towns: </li></ul><ul><li>Woman: housewife and sales woman in green grocer's </li></ul><ul><li>Man: blacksmith, shoemaker, miller, chemist, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Work in countryside: </li></ul><ul><li>running a farm </li></ul>Prayer before breakfast and meals
  3. 3. Rest of the day is similar to other society in our region but Orthodox Jews observed torra prayer ( MINCHA ) in the afternoon and in the evening ( MAARIV ) Ordinary Day:
  4. 4. Shabbat Jewish people worshipped that day on Saturday because they thought it was a gift from God only for them <ul><li>Ritual of Shabbat: </li></ul><ul><li>It begin on Friday evening (with sunset) </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation to Shabbat began on Thursday- woman prepared meals for Shabbat </li></ul><ul><li>Celebration: At home and in synagogue (only Jewish men. They consecrated candles) </li></ul><ul><li>housewives lit the candles at home and began supper </li></ul><ul><li>Father said prayers and blessed meals before they started </li></ul><ul><li>to eat </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Shabbat table set The typical Shabbat table set was composed of: Two candles in candlestick- they were shining during Shabbat Kiddush cup of wine Handmade challes Buch of fowers Table prepared to Shabbat
  6. 6. Banned activities during Shabbat: <ul><li>w orking, </li></ul><ul><li>t oiling, </li></ul><ul><li>running a farm, </li></ul><ul><li>cleaning , </li></ul><ul><li>milking domestic animals, </li></ul><ul><li>calling </li></ul><ul><li>shining the light </li></ul><ul><li>a nd other s </li></ul>
  7. 7. Meals in ordinary day and in Shabbat: <ul><li>The Jews divided food into two types: </li></ul><ul><li>permitted food </li></ul><ul><li>forbidden food </li></ul>The Jewish could eat only kosher food ( kashrut ) which was written in the Jewish law ( Halakha ). The laws of kashrut derived from various passages in the Torah, and are were numerous and complex, but the key principles were as follows:
  8. 8. Meals in ordinary day and in Shabbat: <ul><li>1) Only meat from particular species is was permitted: </li></ul><ul><li>Mammals that both chew their cud (ruminate) and have cloven hooves can be kosher. Animals with one characteristic but not the other are specifically excluded </li></ul><ul><li>Birds must fit certain criteria; birds of prey are not kosher. There must be an established tradition that a bird is kosher or similar to one that is before it can be consumed. </li></ul><ul><li>Fish must have fins and scales to be kosher </li></ul><ul><li>Insects are not kosher, except for certain species of kosher locust </li></ul><ul><li>That an animal is untamed does not preclude it from being kashrut, but a wild animal must be trapped and ritually slaughtered (shechted) rather than killed some other way to be kosher. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Meat and milk (or derivatives) cannot be mixed in the sense that meat and dairy products are not served at the same meal, served or cooked in the same utensils, or stored together. </li></ul><ul><li>Food prepared by Jews in a manner that violates the Shabbat (Sabbath) may not be eaten until the Shabbat is over. </li></ul><ul><li>Mammals and fowl must be slaughtered in a specific fashion: slaughter is done by a trained individual (a shochet ) using a special method of slaughter, shechita. The body must be checked after slaughter to confirm that the animal had no medical condition or defect that would have caused it to die of its own accord within a year, which would make the meat unsuitable. </li></ul>Meals in ordinary day and in Shabbat:
  10. 10. <ul><li>2) Certain foods must have been prepared in whole or in part by Jews, including: </li></ul><ul><li>Wine </li></ul><ul><li>Certain cooked foods ( bishul akum ) </li></ul><ul><li>Cheese ( gvinat akum ) and according to some also butter ( chem'at akum ) </li></ul><ul><li>3) According to many: certain dairy products (Hebrew: חלב ישראל chalav Yisrael &quot;milk of Israel&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>According to some: bread (under certain circumstances) ( Pat Yisrae l) </li></ul>Meals in ordinary day and in Shabbat:
  11. 11. A few traditional Jewish dishes in our region:
  12. 12. Pasta/ Potato Kugel- roasted pasta/ potatoes mixed with onion, eggs and sour crème. (1) Tzimmes- cooked sliced carrot with honey and raisins . (2) Cholent- stew with barley and a lots of onion and garlic. Stew should be stewed very slowly. Made for shabbat. (3) Jewish Carp- One of the most popular dishes for Christmas Eve. Ingredients: carp, eggs, onion, garlic, parsley, carrot. (4) Potato pancake (Latkes)- grated potatoes, onion mixed with egg, white flour, flavoured salt&pepper. (5) 1 2 3 4 5
  13. 13. Thanks for watching