4 skills: Choose a custom, a skill, an age and design an activity.
Activity for watching video?
Activity for watching video?
Write 5 questions about DIY to ask another group.
Write 5 questions about DIY to ask another group.
LEARNING AND TEACHING ENGLISH CELEBRATIONS CELEBRATING EASTER Neda Mirova firstname.lastname@example.org 21 March 2012 CEP Luisa Revuelta, Córdoba
CONTENTS: I. ORIGIN - Pagan festivity - Easter and Passover II. TRADITION and CUSTOMS - Palm Sunday - Maundy Thursday - Good Friday - Holy Saturday - Easter SundayIII. CELEBRATING EASTER TODAY- Easter symbols- Easter food- Easter fun and games IV. THE EASTER WEEKEND and DIY
I. ORIGIN: Pagan festivity• Easter > Eostre – the goddess ofAnglo-Saxon paganism, worshippedsometime during April; Hredhe, anothergoddess was worshipped at the VernalEquinox (during March)• Primary historical source: TemporumRatione or The Reckoning of Time bythe Northumbrian monk and scholar theVenerable Bede (673-735).“Eosturmonath” has a name which is nowtranslated Paschal month and which wasonce called after a goddess of theirs namedEostre, in whose honour feasts werecelebrated in that month. Now theydesignate that Paschal season by hername, calling the joys of the new rite by thetime-honoured name of the old observance.”(Faith Wallis (trans.), Bede: The Reckoningof Time, Liverpool University Press, 1999p.54)
I. ORIGIN: Easter and Passover • often overlap, both celebrated in early spring • renewal of nature, hope, redemptionEASTER PASSOVERindividual focus communal focus commemorates the tribulations of tribulations of the ancient Israelitesone man freedom through Gods assistance in the freedom from sins (Christs flight from Egypt (Exodus)crucifixion), understanding of eternallife (Christs Resurrection)
II. TRADITION AND CUSTOMS: Palm Sunday Task 1. Look at the customs. Which day are they celebrated on and what is their significance? PALM SUNDAY - Holy Week begins on Palm Sunday; - Jesus arrived in Jerusalem for the celebration of Passover; and was cheered by crowds of people waving palm branches (As Royalty), hence “Palm Sunday”. Nowadays: - palm crosses or garlands to decorate churches: - In Protestant churches, children are given palms and they walk in a procession; - palms are sometimes saved, burned and used as ash in the following year’s Ash Wednesday service.
II. TRADITION AND CUSTOMS: Maundy Thursday- commemorates The Last Supper, beginning of the Triduum;- “maundy” derived from “mandatum” > commandment: And now I give youa new commandment: love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love oneanother. John 13:34- Jesus washing the feet of the disciples – rulers serve their subjects;- Until 1689 in England, the monarch would wash the feet of the poor inWestminster Abbey; food and clothes were also handed out to the poor. Maundy Money - ceremony dates back to Edward I (1239-1307) Nowadays… Royal Maundy religious service in the C of E: • Maundy Money is given to elderly people by the Queen; • number of people who receive the money = the sovereign’s age in years; • red purse – ordinary coinage; white purse – silver money.
II. TRADITION AND CUSTOMS: Maundy Thursday Task 2. Discussion. What do you think of the Maundy Money custom? Imagine you are advisors to the Queen and you must suggest the introduction of a new custom which would reflect the significance of this day better.
II. TRADITION AND CUSTOMS: Good Friday • commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus Christ; • “good” – derived from God’s Friday (“good-bye” > “God be with ye”); the barrier of sin was broken; • public holiday (bank holiday); • day of fasting – Anglo-Saxon name was “Long Friday” due to the long fast, eat fish instead of meat; • special services in churches; Hot Cross Buns - pagan origin, cross symbolic of the sun wheel (Spring Equinox); - Church tried to ban them, but unsuccessful – Queen Elizabeth I “Christianized” them;Hot Cross Bun Ceremony at the Widow’s Son pub in East London – widowwaiting for her sailor son to return. She baked a new bun every year on GoodFriday. The son never returned but she continued to bake them and collectedthem in a net. Nowadays, a sailor adds a new bun every year.
II. TRADITION AND CUSTOMS: Holy Saturday - Easter Even or the Great Sabbath; - last day of Lent when Jesus laid in his tomb; - Easter Vigil – dates back to Roman times, it is the first Easter service, takes place on the night of Holy Saturday; - in the early church this was the time to baptize new Christian converts.Coco-nut dancers of Bacup, Lancashire - type of Morris dancing; - first troupe formed in 1857; - blackened faces – sources point to pagan or medieval background (protect faces from being recognised by evil spirits), possible connection to mining tradition in the village or Moorish pirate origins.
II. TRADITION AND CUSTOMS: Easter Sunday- Sunrise Service, particularly popular with Protestant Churches –women coming to the tomb at dawn;- Easter Garden – stone rolled away;- Paschal candle;- Easter water brought home to use in family blessings. Task 3. Watch the clip. What do chocolate eggs and Easter have in comm And then kids eat chocolate eggs, because the colour of the chocolate and the colour of the wood on the cross...Well, you tell me? Its got nothing to do with it, has it? You have people going- member kids- the kids are eating the chocolate eggs-theyre going Member kids, Jesus died for your sins. Yeah, I know, its great. No, no, no, its bad, its bad. No, its bad, its very bad...its terrible. Whatever you want. I mean, just keep giving me these eggs. And the bunny rabbits, where do they come into the crucifixion?‘ (Eddie Izzard, comedian)
III. CELEBRATING EASTER TODAY: Easter symbols Why chocolate eggs?- egg: fertility, rebirth, a new start etc;- Earliest Easter eggs – decorated at home with dye, Eastern Orthodoxbelievers still carry this out;- 17th and 18th cent. – egg themed toys, Victorians had eggs covered in satinand full of chocolates and toys;- first made in Europe in the early 19th cent. in France and Germany;- eggs were solid chocolate until the technique evolved and allowed for theproduction of hollow eggs.
III. CELEBRATING EASTER TODAY: Easter symbols Task 4. Read the clues and decide which 7 Easter customs they refer to. When you have the correct answers you can collect your eggs.
III. CELEBRATING EASTER TODAY: Easter symbols Task 5. A. What does Easter mean to you? What is your favourite thing about this time of year? B. In groups. Imagine you are the famous person on your picture. Write a few sentences about your memories of Easter – customs, games, food, family celebrations etc. Now read this to another group who has to listen and guess who is the celebrity talking. Some curious customs – Easter Day - Durham, 1826: “Pay for your shoes, please”; - Rippon, 1790: stealing buckles from shoes; - Twickenham, date not known: dividing two big cakes in church for children and young people, in 1645 parliament ordered that money should be used to buy penny loaves for poor children, which were thrown from the church steeple; - Paste eggs in Cheshire: children sing a short song in return for eggs - "an egg, bacon, cheese, or an apple, or any good thing that will make us merry…”; - Sugar Cupping, Peak of Derbyshire: children and young people would take a cup and some sugar to a spring, fill the cup and dissolve the sugar, then drink it. Adapted from “The Every-day Book”, William Hone, published in 1826
III. CELEBRATING EASTER TODAY: Easter food • boiled eggs for breakfast – egg jarping (tapping); • roast lamb for lunch – “the Lamb of God”; • simnel cake – fruit cake, decorated with 11 marzipan balls; • Easter biscuits or cakes – spices, currants and grated lemon; • hot cross buns.
III. CELEBRATING EASTER TODAY: Easter fun and games Egg rolling takes place on Easter Monday (the first Monday after Easter): - hard boiled decorated eggs - winner could be the owner of the egg which rolls furthest, rolls most times… - eggs given to pace eggers who sang traditional songs and performed mumming plays (folk plays) > The Pace Egging Play. Pace-egging and Pace Eggers (Jolly Boys): -“pace” > “pacha”> “passover” - pace-eggs – wrapped in onionskin and boiled, nowadays simply painted; eaten for Easter breakfast; any left over were used in games (egg rolling) - Pace Eggers were groups of men who toured local villages during Easter and enacted the Pace Egg Play (Pace Egging). - Yorkshire, Lancashire, Northumberland
III. CELEBRATING EASTER TODAY: Easter fun and games Midgley Pace Egg Play - traditional village play, references as early as 1842, died out after the Great War (WW1); - rebirth theme; - St George hits challengers; - the fool, Toss Pot, rejoices; - the hero (in the Midgley version “the Bold Slasher”) - combat between the hero and villain; - hero is killed and brought to life, often by a quack doctor; - very popular custom throughout England, nowadays only alive in some areas, particularly Lancashire and West Yorkshire; - Midgley School (and later Calder Valley High School) in West Yorkshire were key in preserving the tradition; Calder Valley High still puts on performances of the play every Good Friday. - Middleton, North Manchester, Pace Egging (performing the Pace Egg Play) was revived in 1967; -The Bury Pace Eggers were revived in 1969, nowadays perform in pubs and squares around the town and neighbouring villages over the Easter weekend.
III. CELEBRATING EASTER TODAY: Easter fun and games Fun secular customs – Easter Monday Biddenden Dole Hare Pie Scramble and Bottle Kicking London Harness Horse Parade World Coal Carrying Championship
IV. THE EASTER WEEKEND AND DIY Task 6. Match the number to the corresponding paragraph title. Do 50 It 33 15 Yourself 2.5 million 25 2 15 1956 12.5
IV. THE EASTER WEEKEND AND DIY Do E. 2.5 million - number of hanging basket B&Q expected to sell this Easter It B. 33 - % of households which want a new Yourself H. 50 – deaths per year caused by ladders bathroom D. 15 – number of series of the BBC show Changing RoomsF. 12.5 billion – Value of the home improvement market I. 2 – hours spent at the kitchen sink every dayC. 15 – % of women who own power tools A. 25 – % surge in demand for magnolia paintG. 1956 – The year flat pack furniture was invented
And finally… 1. Write an Easter symbol or custom and stick it on your partner’s forehead. 2. Everyone get up and mingle. You must ask 10 questions to find out what or who you are.
LEARNING AND TEACHING ENGLISH CELEBRATIONS CELEBRATING EASTERTHANKS FOR LISTENING AND HAVE A GREAT EASTER! Neda Mirova email@example.com 21 March 2012 CEP Luisa Revuelta, Córdoba