• Greece recognizes only oneminority: the Muslim minorityin Thrace.• Thrace is a region in the northeastern part of Greece.
• Bilingual education (in Greekand in Turkish) is provided tothese students according tothe terms of the Treaty ofLausanne.• There are 232 elementaryschools in that region.
Elementary education• The staff: Greek Christian andMuslim teachers.According to the circular ofthe Ministry Z2/182/29-4-99,the number of the Muslimteachers is equal to that ofthe Christian teachers in eachbilingual school.
• In these schools, a teachercorresponds to 12 studentsalthough in greek publicschools a teachercorresponds to 25 students.
The time table• The 36 demanding teachinghours per week are reducedto 28 because the lessonsfinish at 11.45 on Friday forthe start of the pray at noonwhich is important in theMuslim religion.
The staffGreek language program• Teachers of the Greek language• Teachers of the English language• Physical education teachers
Turkish language program• The majority of them (80%)have graduated the SpecialPedagogical Academy ofSalonika.• The minority of them (18%)have graduated the TurkishTeacher Academies. Thereare called so:“With many
• Only 2% of the teachers areinvited from Turkey. There is acorrespondence between themand the Greek teachers who areput on temporary assignment inthe schools of expatriate Greeksin Istanbul according to anagreement between the twostates.
Curricula• They depend on the basicintercultural principle of therespect for the mother tongueand the culture of the Muslimminority.• The curricula are the same withthese of the Greek schools with amain difference: Their applianceis bilingual.
Bilingual program• The subjects in Greek language:1.Greek language2.History3.Geography4.Citizen education5.The study of the environment
The subjects in Turkishlanguage1. Turkish language2. Religious education3. Mathematics4. Physics -Arts5. Music and PE lesson are taughtequally (with regard to time) in thetwo languages.6. English language is taught startingin the 4thgrade.
Greek language subjectsSubjects GradesHoursΑ Β Γ Δ Ε ΣΤGreek 11 11 10 10 10 1062History - - 2 2 2 28Geography - - - 2 2 26Citizen Educ. - - - 1 1 13Environment 2 2 2 - - -6Music ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½
Turkish language lessonsLessons GradesHoursΑ Β Γ Δ Ε ΣΤTurkish language 8 9 8 7 7 746Religious Educ. - 2 3 3 3 314Mathematics 3 3 3 3 3 318Physics - - - 2 2 26Arts 1 3 2 1 1 19Music ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½
• Notice the teaching hours inTurkish language, Maths andPhysics in comparison withthe teaching hours inReligious education.
Secondary education• It was not in the terms of theTreaty of Lausanne but thereare 12 schools (gymnasia andhigh schools) in the region ofThrace.
Lessons in Greek language• Ancient and modern greek• History• Geography• Citizen EducationAll the other subjects of thecurricula are taught in Turkishlanguage also with the study of theTurkish language.
The holidays• The school year lasts 14 daysless than this in public greekschools because of the religiousfaith of the minority whichimposes the days off. Someschools work on Sunday despitethe absence of the Christianteacher and they don’t work onFriday.