Learning foreign languages inLearning foreign languages inpre-primary, primary andpre-primary, primary andsecondary educat...
Primary schoolPrimary schoolWhat’ s compulsory?What’ s compulsory?• 2 hours a week from 5th grade to 6th grade.2 hours a w...
 Except for…..Except for…..Schools in Brussels where ….Schools in Brussels where ….- Dutch is compulsory.- Dutch is compu...
What’s not compulsory but possibleWhat’s not compulsory but possiblein every primary school in Belgium?in every primary sc...
 Eveil aux langues ( language awareness)Eveil aux langues ( language awareness) Apprentissage précoce.(early learningApp...
 Eveil aux langues (Language Awareness)Eveil aux langues (Language Awareness)Children can discover foreign languagesChild...
 Apprentissage précoce ( early learningApprentissage précoce ( early learninglanguage)language)Children « learn » another...
 EMILE /CLILEMILE /CLILContent learning integrated in language.Content learning integrated in language.Children learn a s...
How does it works?How does it works? You can start in 3th grade of pre-primaryYou can start in 3th grade of pre-primarysc...
 Schools can choose the target languageSchools can choose the target language(English/Dutch or German) except in(English/...
EvaluationsEvaluations At the end of primary school, childrenAt the end of primary school, childrenmust take the « nation...
Secondary schoolsSecondary schoolsWhat is compulsory ?What is compulsory ?4 hours a week in English, Dutch or4 hours a w...
 In 5th and 6th grades, students canIn 5th and 6th grades, students canchoose to learn a third language (usuallychoose to...
Clil in secondary school.Clil in secondary school. There are two different programmes…There are two different programmes…...
 They used to have between 8 and 13They used to have between 8 and 13hours a week in the target language.hours a week in ...
 The CLIL programme was initiated in 1989The CLIL programme was initiated in 1989in Belgium, so it is not an experiment: ...
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Abc plurilingualism belgium

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Abc plurilingualism belgium

  1. 1. Learning foreign languages inLearning foreign languages inpre-primary, primary andpre-primary, primary andsecondary educationsecondary educationin Belgium.in Belgium.French CommunityFrench Community..
  2. 2. Primary schoolPrimary schoolWhat’ s compulsory?What’ s compulsory?• 2 hours a week from 5th grade to 6th grade.2 hours a week from 5th grade to 6th grade.• Schools can choose the languageSchools can choose the languageEnglish – Dutch – GermanEnglish – Dutch – German
  3. 3.  Except for…..Except for…..Schools in Brussels where ….Schools in Brussels where ….- Dutch is compulsory.- Dutch is compulsory.- Children receive 3 hours a week in 3rd and 4th grade and- Children receive 3 hours a week in 3rd and 4th grade and5 hours a week in 5th and 6th grade.5 hours a week in 5th and 6th grade.In some other parts of Belgium near Germany whereIn some other parts of Belgium near Germany whereGerman is compulsory .German is compulsory .It is a rule for towns called «It is a rule for towns called « Communes à facilitésCommunes à facilités »»
  4. 4. What’s not compulsory but possibleWhat’s not compulsory but possiblein every primary school in Belgium?in every primary school in Belgium?
  5. 5.  Eveil aux langues ( language awareness)Eveil aux langues ( language awareness) Apprentissage précoce.(early learningApprentissage précoce.(early learninglanguage)language) Enseignement EMILE /CLIL.Enseignement EMILE /CLIL.
  6. 6.  Eveil aux langues (Language Awareness)Eveil aux langues (Language Awareness)Children can discover foreign languagesChildren can discover foreign languagesand they can explore different cultures.and they can explore different cultures.It’ s not a learning programme. It s just aIt’ s not a learning programme. It s just away to increase motivation for learningway to increase motivation for learningand discovering foreign languages andand discovering foreign languages andculture.culture.
  7. 7.  Apprentissage précoce ( early learningApprentissage précoce ( early learninglanguage)language)Children « learn » another language throughChildren « learn » another language throughgames, rhythms, songs for one or two hours agames, rhythms, songs for one or two hours aweek.week.The main aim is communication.The main aim is communication.Every school can implement such a programme ifEvery school can implement such a programme ifthey want. They can begin in pre-primary schoolthey want. They can begin in pre-primary schooluntil the grade in which learning a foreignuntil the grade in which learning a foreignlanguage is compulsory.language is compulsory.
  8. 8.  EMILE /CLILEMILE /CLILContent learning integrated in language.Content learning integrated in language.Children learn a second language throughChildren learn a second language throughlearning subjects.learning subjects.
  9. 9. How does it works?How does it works? You can start in 3th grade of pre-primaryYou can start in 3th grade of pre-primaryschool or in 3th grade of primary school.school or in 3th grade of primary school.- between ¼ and ¾ of the time in the- between ¼ and ¾ of the time in thetarget language ( from 3rd grade oftarget language ( from 3rd grade ofkindergarten to 2nd grade of primarykindergarten to 2nd grade of primaryschool)school)- between 1/4 and 1/2 of the time in the- between 1/4 and 1/2 of the time in thetarget language ( from 3rd grade to 6thtarget language ( from 3rd grade to 6thgrade of primary schoolgrade of primary school))
  10. 10.  Schools can choose the target languageSchools can choose the target language(English/Dutch or German) except in(English/Dutch or German) except inBrussels where Dutch is compulsory.Brussels where Dutch is compulsory. Children have 2 teachers: one whoChildren have 2 teachers: one whoteaches subjects in French (which areteaches subjects in French (which areimposed by the French Communityimposed by the French Communitycurriculum) and the other who teachescurriculum) and the other who teachessubjects in the target language.subjects in the target language.
  11. 11. EvaluationsEvaluations At the end of primary school, childrenAt the end of primary school, childrenmust take the « national examination » inmust take the « national examination » inFrench.French.There is no specific test for CLIL schools.There is no specific test for CLIL schools.
  12. 12. Secondary schoolsSecondary schoolsWhat is compulsory ?What is compulsory ?4 hours a week in English, Dutch or4 hours a week in English, Dutch orGerman (except in Brussels for exampleGerman (except in Brussels for examplewhere Dutch is compulsory for 1st and 2ndwhere Dutch is compulsory for 1st and 2ndgrade).grade).in 3rd and 4th grade, students have 2in 3rd and 4th grade, students have 2compulsory hours but if they want to, theycompulsory hours but if they want to, theycan opt to have up to 4 hourscan opt to have up to 4 hours..
  13. 13.  In 5th and 6th grades, students canIn 5th and 6th grades, students canchoose to learn a third language (usuallychoose to learn a third language (usuallyGerman, Spanish or Italian).German, Spanish or Italian).
  14. 14. Clil in secondary school.Clil in secondary school. There are two different programmes…There are two different programmes… A « continuum » for children who startedA « continuum » for children who startedthis programme in kindergarten or in 3rdthis programme in kindergarten or in 3rdgrade of primary school.grade of primary school. A “late start” («A “late start” (« apprentissage tardifapprentissage tardif ») for») forchildren who want to begin with CLIL inchildren who want to begin with CLIL inthe secondary schoolthe secondary school..
  15. 15.  They used to have between 8 and 13They used to have between 8 and 13hours a week in the target language.hours a week in the target language. All of the subjects can be taught in theAll of the subjects can be taught in thetarget language except for religion.target language except for religion.
  16. 16.  The CLIL programme was initiated in 1989The CLIL programme was initiated in 1989in Belgium, so it is not an experiment: wein Belgium, so it is not an experiment: wehave a law, inspections, traininghave a law, inspections, trainingprogrammes, coaching for teachers,programmes, coaching for teachers,examinations to test the language level ofexaminations to test the language level ofthe teachers who are not native.the teachers who are not native. Every year, the number of schools with aEvery year, the number of schools with aCLIL programme increaseCLIL programme increase..
  17. 17. Thank youfor your attention

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