Abc bilingualism in irish education 6.05.13

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Abc bilingualism in irish education 6.05.13

  1. 1. Bilingualism in IrishEducationPádraig Ó Duibhirpadraig.oduibhir@spd.dcu.ie6th May 2013
  2. 2. Outline of presentation Biography Background to Irish Current situation in schools Structure of schools Governmentstrategy
  3. 3.  Primary school teacher – Irish-medium,immersion In-service coordinator Lecturer in L2 methodologiesfor Irish St Patrick’s College◦ 1,200 BEd 600 BA students◦ 130 Graduate diploma◦ Masters, PhD, EdDSt Patrick’s College, DCU
  4. 4. Background to Irish language• Irish is an official language(minority)• Students in all schools studyIrish from entry to completionAccording to 2011 Census:• 1.77m (41.4%) able to speakIrish• Only 77,185 (1.8%) dailyspeakers outside education• Schools in ‘Gaeltacht’ (Irish-speaking) & Irish immersion(all-Irish) schools throughoutthe country
  5. 5. An Ghaeilge agus Muintirna hÉireann (2009) 1,015 – 40-minuteinterviews 93% in favour of Irish◦40.9% revive◦52.5% preserve◦6.6% discard Irish people verysympathetic to Irish
  6. 6.  on endangered language list intergenerational transmission is decreasing in‘Gaeltacht’ areas current generation may not experience completeacquisition Stage 5: Language is still very much alive andused in community. Stage 4: Language is required in elementaryschools. Elements of Stage 2 apply - Irish languagetelevision www.tg4.ie and radio stationswww.rte.ie/rnag.ieFishmans eight stages oflanguage loss
  7. 7.  1922 – Twenty-six of the 32 counties of Irelandgained independence from United Kingdom Irish was seen as critically important in forging aseparate identity revitalisation was the objective Irish was given a central role in education all elementary schools were to teach through themedium of Irish as far as possible and particularly inKindergarten – CLIL/immersion 1930 – 300 elementary ‘immersion’ schools 1972 – only 11 elementary ‘immersion’ schools Government policy changed to one of bilingualism,CLIL deceased greatly in 1960’sHistorical background to Irish-medium education (immersion)
  8. 8.  all students learn Irish as a subject throughoutelementary and high school, typically 14 years results are disappointing – ‘drip-feed’ approach30-40 minutes per day 7.5% of elementary students in Irish-medium tremendous growth over last 40 years parent-led movement 174 elementary schools and 40 highschools on island of Ireland approx. 41,000 studentsCurrent situation
  9. 9. Source: www.gaelscoileanna.ie
  10. 10.  early total immersion approx. 85% of school day through Irish and thisremains constant to end of schooling very successful in achieving fluency in Irish atno loss to English or Mathematic skills additive bilingualism – students enjoy benefitsof bilingualism grammatical inaccuracies in productive skills use of Irish outside of school setting is a majorchallengeImmersion education
  11. 11. Schooling Ages & Phases Compulsory attendance 6 – 16 years First Level / Primary School 4 – 12 years◦ National (State) Schools◦ Special Schools◦ Private Schools Second Level / Post-Primary School 12 – 18 years◦ Voluntary Secondary Schools◦ Community and Comprehensive Schools◦ Vocational Schools◦ Special Schools◦ Further Education 17 + years
  12. 12. Primary SchoolA Brief Description of the Irish Education System Page 9www.education.ie4/5 Junior Infants5/6 Senior Infants6/7 First Class7/8 Second Class8/9 Third Class9/10 Fourth Class10/11 Fifth Class11/12 Sixth Class
  13. 13. Second Level / Post-Primary SchoolA Brief Description of the Irish Education System Page 1312/13 years 3 year Junior Cycle13/14 Junior Certificate Examination14/15-----------------------------------------------------------------------------15/16 Transition Year (optional)-------------------------------------------------------------------------16/17 2 year Senior Cycle17/18 Leaving Certificate Examination
  14. 14. Straitéis 20 Blain don GhaeilgeGovernment 20 year strategy for Irish2011 2030StrategyNumber of people speaking Irisheveryday outside education system77,185 250,000Number of people speaking Irishevery week outside educationsystem110,642 ????
  15. 15. Straitéis 20 Bliain don Ghaeilge:Government 20 year strategy for Irish Partial immersion (CLIL) in infants– teachsome subjects through the medium of Irish Teach some subjects through the medium ofIrish on teacher-education courses We are implementing this in St Patrick’sCollege Investment will be provided!! – in-service,online courses, education centres Wide range of materials will be supplied
  16. 16. Curaclamna Bunscoile(1999)Primary School Curriculumwww.curriculumonline.ie
  17. 17. Go raibh maith agaibhMuchas graciasThank youpadraig.oduibhir@spd.dcu.ie

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