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A illustrated timeline of the styles of Period English Furniture


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A basic illustrated time line of the styles of Period English
Antiques. From the Tudor's to the Edwardian Days.

A illustrated timeline of the styles of Period English Furniture

  1. 1. A free publication from: A basic illustrated timeline of the styles of Period English Antiques. From the Tudor's to the Edwardian Days. 1485-1918
  2. 2. 1485-1565 Furniture Period: Tudor Styles & Influences: English Renaissance, Gothic, Italianate, Flemish Period King/Queen: Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary When King Henry VII came to the throne 1485, the event signified the end of the Middle (Medieval) ages. It marked a brighter new era for England and the historic beginning of the English Renaissance. Tudor Furniture Characteristics • Made of Oak, heavy, strong, detailed and uncomfortable furniture. • Similar to medieval and gothic furniture periods preceding it. • Often decorated with tapestries, embroidery, carpets, and fabrics. • Very rare as only a few rich people in the 1500's could afford such luxuries. Copyright © 2007.
  3. 3. 1603-1645 Furniture Period: Jacobean Styles & Influences: English Renaissance, Gothic, Italianate, Flemish Period King/Queen: James I, Charles I After having difficulties working with Walnut, the Jacobean period saw a move back to Oak. Not as square as previous Oak pieces they remained inward looking, without not fully embracing exotic influences, and its ornamentation became less prominent, more ordered and uniform, this was the last era of wax based finishes. Jacobean Furniture Characteristics • Relief carvings of geometric or floral motifs • Solid and sturdy, made of Oak. • Influenced many early American pilgrims. • Accentuated mouldings used to divide areas into geometric shapes • The wax used to preserve the pieces has built up an aged dark oak lustre. Copyright © 2007.
  4. 4. 1649-1660 Furniture Period: The Commonwealth (Puritan) Styles & Influences: English Renaissance, Gothic, Italianate, Flemish Period King/Queen: Oliver Cromwell After England breaks out into civil war, leadership is overturned marking a new era, 'The Commonwealth' producing Cromwellian or puritan furniture. This era stands alone in the history of English furniture, moving away from the the Gothic styles we begin to see more ancient and classical forms of decoration, although the period continues to differ from foreign influences. Puritan Furniture Characteristics • Wood carving and upholstery was rarely used. • Sharp, angular, a simple practical styling. Copyright © 2007.
  5. 5. 1649-1685 Furniture Period: The Restoration period (Carolean) Styles & Influences: Baroque, Dutch, Flemish, French Period King/Queen: Charles II, James II The Carolean or Restoration period brought the traditional aspects of English furniture back in line with European styles. It was also during this era that the ancient art of 'French polishing,' was beginning to be experimented with. It would be another 100 years before the process was mastered. Restoration Furniture Characteristics • Restoration furniture was decorative and colourful. • Veneer and marquetry made advancements to produce detailed designs. •In addition to walnut and oak there was also used olive, white cedar, kingwood, and coromandel among others. Copyright © 2007.
  6. 6. 1688-1702 Furniture Period: William & Mary Styles & Influences: Baroque, Dutch, Flemish, French Period King/Queen: William III, Mary II Previous eras saw dark, Gothic, primitive and uncomfortable furniture, The William and Mary period gave us bright insight into what was ahead for English furniture. Great numbers of French and Dutch refugee's came to England, many of them working in the furniture industry. They brought with them many new techniques that continued to increase the standards of English furniture. William and Mary Furniture Characteristics ª Oak, declined as Walnut was used widely, Mahogany made its first appearance. • There was also use of kingwood and amboyna for inlay work and ebony • A lot of Dutch and French influences. • Standards improve as we see a greater number of these antiques today.
  7. 7. 1702-1714 Furniture Period: Queen Anne Styles & Influences: Baroque, Dutch, Flemish, French Period King/Queen: Anne By now, English craftsmen have mastered foreign techniques and adapted them to their own. English furniture is now developing a distinct style and can be compared at par with Italian and French furniture styles. Queen Anne Furniture Characteristics • Working class people are now more able to own furniture. • Walnut now the wood of choice. • A small amount of Queen Anne furniture was painted white and gilded. • Furniture design is more thought out as the pieces become lighter. Copyright © 2007.
  8. 8. 1714-1820 Furniture Period: Georgian Styles & Influences: Palladian, Rococo, French, Gothic, Chinese, Neo-Classical Period King/Queen: George I, George II, George III A big change began in this era, the introduction of Mahogany. It would later replace Walnut as the wood of choice. 'Geargian' furniture consisted of a wide variety of styles including Adam, Chippendale, Hepplewhite, and Sheraton. Georgian Furniture Characteristics • The beginning of Mahogany and Architectural influence. • Consisted of a wide variety of styles. Copyright © 2007.
  9. 9. 1820-1837 Furniture Period: Regency Styles & Influences: Egyptian and Greek Period King/Queen: George IV, William IV Finally, the long awaited mastering of the technique to apply Shellac to wood, 'French polishing.' Now furniture is coated with smooth surfaces and intricate veneers are laid. A striking vibrant display of colours are introduced as knowledge of a variety of wood increases. Regency Furniture Characteristics • Plain, slender, elegant lines. • Mahogany is continued to be used along with Rosewood and Zebrawood. • Elaborate inlaid marquetry. Copyright © 2007.
  10. 10. 1837-1901 Furniture Period: Victorian Styles & Influences: Eclectic, Revivalist, Gothic Period King/Queen: Victoria The straight and smooth lines of the Regency period were opposed with a more oval and circular style. Mass produced furniture had taken a new level and the Victorian style was rapidly welcomed into the homes of many. Later in the period the demands of mass market would have a negative effect on the quality of the furniture being produced. Victorian Furniture Characteristics • Oak makes a nationalist comeback for its Englishness. • Mahogany and Rosewood mostly used. • Japanese design shows influence in ebony finishes. Copyright © 2007.
  11. 11. 1901-1918 Furniture Period: Edwardian Styles & Influences: Arts & Crafts, Art Furniture, Period King/Queen: George IV, William IV Edwardian furniture designers came to the realization that reproductions would outsell anything new or innovative. During this era the Antique trade was launched and quickly grew as people started buying second hand furniture. Edwardian Furniture Characteristics • Art Nouveau is given a English interpretation. • Reproduction furniture is produced. Copyright © 2007.