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Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 1...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 2...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 3...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 4...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 5...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 6...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 7...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 8...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 9...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 1...
Pham Thuy Duong
duong.pham@giz.de
Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II
Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013
Page 11
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Pilot mangrove co-management in Soc Trang

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Presentation at the Roundtable workshop 16.07.2013, University of Architect, HCMC

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Pilot mangrove co-management in Soc Trang

  1. 1. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 1 Pilot mangrove co-management in Soc Trang GIZ ProjectGIZ Project http://czm-soctrang.org.vn/en/home.aspxhttp://czm-soctrang.org.vn/en/home.aspx
  2. 2. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 2 Aim: protect and sustainably use the coastal wetlands for the benefit of the local population site specific approaches to adaptation to climate change Effective mangrove management and protection with emphasis on resilience to climate change Mangrove rehabilitation Mangrove management Environmental awareness Tool box, mimic nature, erosion protection Planting alone is of little use, co-management, ICAM
  3. 3. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 3 Test new approaches to mangrove management:  Land allocation and forest protection contracts did not work in a setting where we have a narrow belt of mangroves along a highly dynamic coast. State management control by government agency e.g. Forest Ranger Co-management shared governance (government agency & stakeholders) negotiating specific agreements sharing authority and responsibility in a formal way Community management community control transferring authority and responsibility to communities/ households (green book)
  4. 4. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 4 Mangrove co-management  Co-management is based upon participatory negotiation, joint decision-making, a degree of power-sharing and fair distribution of benefits among all stakeholders.  Participatory process  Agreement  Pluralistic governance body 3 key elements 4 steps  Consultation & organisation  Negotiation & agreement  Implementation  Monitoring & evaluation 4 principles  ICAM  Participation  Zonation  Monitoring  Site specific 1 prerequisite  CM = 12  CM = 3 + 4 +4 + 1
  5. 5. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 5 Implementation & results
  6. 6. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 6 Key benefits of co-management Ecosystem services from effectively managed and protected mangrove forests. They include:  protection from waves, erosion, storm and flooding (particularly important in the context of climate change)  food, shelter and nursery ground for aquatic species Effective protection of the mangrove forests Livelihood improvement through secure sustainable resource use Resource users involved in resource management decision-making Reduced workload for authorities Strengthened community’s sense
  7. 7. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 7 Implementation & replication Au Tho B Mo O Vo Thanh Van
  8. 8. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 8 Lessons learned (1) For co-management to be successful, it is essential that there is full politicalfull political support from all levelssupport from all levels and agreementagreement from all stakeholdersfrom all stakeholders. To ensure that co-management concepts and benefits are clearly understood can take a lot of time. The use of intersectoral structures during the co-management process enables effective dissemination of information. An independent facilitator is needed to facilitate meetings.
  9. 9. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 9 Lessons learned (2) Development of a joint vision for the future at the start of negotiations establishes a useful focus for discussions. Messages must be simple and continually repeated. Joint signing of the agreement should be at a public ceremony so that the agreement is publicised and is recognised by the broader local community and authorities.
  10. 10. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 10 Lessons learned (3) Co-management is a learning experience for all parties involved. Interactive learning – thinking, discussing and acting together – is crucial for shared governance initiatives. Learning by doing implies that most of the lessons are drawn during the actual phase of implementing the agreement, through a process of on- going reflection, revision and improvement.
  11. 11. Pham Thuy Duong duong.pham@giz.de Just Bottom-Up is not Enough! Part II Roundtable Workshop – HCMUARCH 16 July 2013 Page 11

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