7. Increasing the resilience of upland agricultural ecosystems to climate change


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Dr. Terence Bolger, ADB Laos

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7. Increasing the resilience of upland agricultural ecosystems to climate change

  1. 1. Increasing the Resilience of UplandAgricultural Ecosystems to Climate ChangeTerry BolgerPilot Activities Specialist‘Capacity Enhancement for Coping withClimate Change’ ADB TA7509-LAO
  2. 2. CECCC Pilot Projects• Upland Agriculture –Luang Prabang• Flash Flooding - Vientiane• Drought- Saravane• Irrigated LowlandAgriculture - Attapue
  3. 3. Objective of the Pilot ProjectsTo build capacity in Government of Lao PDRinstitutions and local communities toconceive, plan and implement climate changeadaptation activities.
  4. 4. Key Aspects of the Pilot Projects• Agriculture and Water Resources Sectors• CECCC interactions with provincial and districtgovernment and villagers• Capacity building: learning by doing inplanning, implementation and evaluation ofpilot projects• Awareness Raising: demonstrating adaptationoptions• Technical training and support by CECCC
  5. 5. Project Cycle• Develop selection criteria and identify projectpartners• Develop project concept• Consultations with local government andcommunity partners to identify activities• Develop detailed proposals and work plans• Initial training in CCA concepts and approaches• Implementation and evaluation of activities
  6. 6. AGRICULTURE PILOT PROJECTSUPLAND: Xieng Ngeun & Nan DistrictsLuang Prabang ProvinceLOWLAND: Saysettha DistrictAttapue Province
  7. 7. Project Location and Time• 6 villages in Xieng Ngeun and Nan Districts,Luang Prabang Province• Time period for pilot project implementation:January 2013 – March 2014 (15 months)
  8. 8. Implementing Agencies• District Agriculture & Forestry Offices, XiengNgeun and Nan Districts• Provincial Agriculture & Forestry Office, LuangPrabang Province• Agriculture Research Center, NAFRI• Plant Protection Center, Dept of Agriculture• Dept of Disaster Management & Climate Change
  9. 9. Project Rationale• Ecological breakdown of traditional shiftingcultivation upland farming systems• Fallow periods decreased from a sustainable 8+years to unsustainable periods of 0-3 years• Population pressure• Land concessions• Land use zonation without appropriatetechnologies for intensified land use
  10. 10. Symptoms & Vulnerabilities• Soil erosion, depletion of soil organic matterand nutrients• Increase in weeds, pests and diseases• Reduced yields (land and labour productivity)
  11. 11. Climate Change Projections• Small temperature increase (0.023-0.05 oC/yr)• Shorter, more intense wet seasons• Longer and/or drier dry seasons• Delay in onset of wet season, with increasedirregularity of rainfall• Increased probability of extreme events(floods and droughts)
  12. 12. Climate Change Impacts• Incremental increase in current vulnerabilitiesof upland farming systems
  13. 13. Key Principles• Agroecological approach (EBA)• Better capture and use of available water• Maintain or restore soil organic matter andsoil fertility• Crop diversification and rotation(agrobiodiversity)• Integrated Pest Management
  14. 14. Project ActivitiesUpland Crops: Job’s tears, rice, maize• Earlier maturing improved and traditionalvarieties• Intercropping and relay cropping of beans• Enhanced fallow with interplanted pigeonpea• Organic matter and soil fertility assessmentand management• Integrated pest management
  15. 15. Project ActivitiesLowland rice paddy• Earlier maturing and flood tolerant improvedand traditional varieties• System of rice intensification (SRI)• Short maturity beans and maize after rice• Organic matter and soil fertility assessmentand management• Integrated pest management
  16. 16. Project Activities• Elucidate indigenous knowledge for copingwith climate variability and climate change• Public awareness and participation (field day,posters, etc)• Workshops, training courses• Study tour to upland farming systems inChiang Mai Province, Thailand
  17. 17. Expected Outputs• Farmers gain skills in growing legumes, croprotation and managing soil organic matter, pestsand diseases to increase their food security andresilience to climate variability and climatechange• DAFO, PAFO, ARC and PPC staff increase capacityto understand and address climate variability andclimate change in upland farming systems• Reporting on the project activities, lessonslearned and future prospects
  18. 18. Thank You