6.Climate change and adaptation in the LMB


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Practices and lessons learned for project planning and up-scaling - by Dr. Nguyen Huong Thuy Phan, MRC

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6.Climate change and adaptation in the LMB

  1. 1. Climate change adaptation projects andlessons learnt for planning and upscalingin the Lower Mekong Basin.Nguyen Huong Thuy PhanProgrammeCoordinator,ClimateChange and Adaptation Initiative (CCAI),Mekong River CommissionSecretariatVientiane, Lao PDR4-Jun-2013 1
  2. 2. 24-Jun-2013Contents1• Introduction about CCAI2• CCAI demonstration projects3• Lessons learnt for planning,implementation and upscaling4• From demonstration projects to regionaladaptation strategy
  3. 3. 34-Jun-20131• Introduction about CCAI2• CCAI demonstration projects3• Lessons learnt for planning,implementation and upscaling4• From demonstration projects to regionaladaptation strategy
  4. 4. 44-Jun-2013Change of climate in the LMBRainfallTemperatureHigh uncertainties on futureclimate projections, especiallyon extreme events
  5. 5. 54-Jun-2013Sea level rise in the Mekong DeltaIncreases of climate variabilityIntensification of existing challenges: flood, drought,saline intrusion, etc.Likelihood of heavy impacts on wetlands & biodiversityin the Mekong flood-plain, fisheries & agricultureEffects on natural and socio-economic systems,development and people’s livelihoods, esp. the poor &marginal groupsEastham et al. (2008). Mekong river basin water resources assessment: Impacts of climatechange: MRC/CSIRO; Hoanh et al. (2010). Impacts of climate change and development onMekong flow regime: First assessment 2009 (MRC Technical Report No. 29)Impacts of the changing climate
  6. 6.  All LMB Countries will beaffected by negative impactsof climate change. Adaptation strategy, planningand implementation areurgently needed at all levels. Regional response is alsoneeded for addressingtransboundary adaptation4-Jun-2013 6Adaptationneeds in the LMB
  7. 7. 7Understanding• The change of climate?• The impacts of climate change?• How to adapt: options, timing, cost/benefit,prioritization?Actions• Adaptation planning• Adaptation implementation• Adaptation monitoring and evaluation• Revising adaptation optionsAdaptationneeds in the LMB (continued)4-Jun-2013
  8. 8. 84-Jun-2013FORMULATION: Endorsed by the MRC JointCommittee at its 29th Meeting in March 2009PHASING: Long-term initiative2009-2025 Intermediate phase2009-2010 and three 5-year phases up to 2025 Linked to the MRC’sStrategic PlanMekong Climate Change and AdaptationInitiative(CCAI)
  9. 9. 94-Jun-2013GOAL: An economically prosperous, socially just,environmentally sound Mekong River Basin responsive andadapting to the challenges induced by climate change.Mekong Climate Change and AdaptationInitiative(CCAI) (continued)OBJECTIVE:Climate change adaptationplanning and implementation is guidedby improved strategies and plans atvarious levels and in priority locationsthroughout the LMB.
  10. 10. 104-Jun-2013Statusof climate changeandadaptation inthe LMB2013, 2016Literaturereview2013Policyreview2013Basin-widestudies• Ecosystems• Foodsecurity• Floods• Droughts• Hydropower2013-2014Climateinformationandscenarios2013Impactson flowregime2013Changesofextremes2013-2014Database &monitoringsystem2013-2015InternationalexchangesExperiences ofinternationalriverbasins2013Mekongclimatechangeforum2012, 20132013, 2016Capacityneedsassessment2013Country-rundemonstrationprojects2011-2014Capacitybuildingincludedin allactivities2014-2015Regionalclimatechange and adaptationstrategyCCAI Activities
  11. 11. 114-Jun-20131• Introduction about CCAI2• CCAI demonstration projects3• Lessons learnt for planning,implementation and upscaling4• From demonstration projects to regionaladaptation strategy
  12. 12. CCAI Demonstrationprojects (First batch)Cambodia: Prey VengProvince (4 districts)Lao PDR: SavannakhetProvince(1 district)Thailand: Young sub-basin in(2 district) Roi-Et &KalasinProvincesVietnam: Kien Giang Province4-Jun-2013 12
  13. 13. Scoping the adaptationstrategy/projectVulnerability assessmentSensitivityPotentialimpactsAdaptivecapacityVulnerabilityExposureStakeholderengagementandcapacitybuildingMonitoringandevaluationofadaptationimplementationIdentification of adaptationoptions and development ofadaptation strategyImplementation of adaptationoptionsCCAI Adaptation Planning Process4-Jun-2013 13
  14. 14. Cambodia CCAI demonstration project• 2010-2013, Prey Veng Province• CNMC, CCD/MOE, HRWD/MOWRAM,RCD/MAFF, Provincial DMD, Red Cross &local authorities and communities• Identification of key problems andbaseline setting• Adaptationplanning using flood anddrought risks mapping and participatory VA• Capacity building and awareness raising;• Demonstrating implementation ofadaptation optionsPeamRoPeamChorMeSangPreahSdach4-Jun-2013 14
  15. 15. Lao CCAI demonstration project• 2010-2013, Savannakhet Province• NEI/MONRE, DONRE of Province andDistrict, villagers• Study of potential climate change impacts,risks and VA and conducting adaptationplanning• Supporting capacity building and climatechange mainstreaming in local, provincial, andnational planning• Raising awareness of climate change and itsimpacts• Demonstratingimplementation ofadaptation options4-Jun-2013 15
  16. 16. Thailand CCAI demonstration project• 2011-2013, Young Watershed, Roi Et and KalasinProvinces• DWR, Chi-RBO of WR Reg. Office 4, WG Kong-Chi-Mun Thailand River Network, Khon Kaen Uni.,Rajamangala Uni. of Tech., E-San Uni., WWF,Communities• Conduct field studies; community vulnerabilityassessment, key impacts, local adaptation strategies• Establishin-house information system, invent andinstall field telemetering and early warning system• EstablishCCA communitylearning center, adoptCCA provincial and local government policy andplanning4-Jun-2013 16
  17. 17. Vietnam CCAI demonstration project• 2010-2011, Kien Giang Province• VNMC, SIWRR, DHCC/MONRE,DWRM/MONRE, Kien Giang’s PC, DONRE,DPI, DARD, Hon Dat District, Binh GiangCommune & Others.• Climate change impact assessment andproposal for adaptation options: Pilotcase for Kien Giang Province• Pilot study on communitybased climatechange adaption in Binh Giang commune,Hon Dat district, Kien Giang province4-Jun-2013 17
  18. 18. Key outputs ofCCAI Demonstration projects• Understanding of adaptation needs• Preliminary assessmentof impacts & vulnerability• Demonstratingimplementation of the adaptationplan/adaptationoptions• Testing and application of methods and tools foradaptationplanning• Awareness raising and capacity building• Assistanceto related authorities to adopt/integrate keyproven adaptation measures into their developmentplanning (at local/sectoral/nationallevels)4-Jun-2013 18
  19. 19. 194-Jun-20131• Introduction about CCAI2• CCAI demonstration projects3• Lessons learnt for planning,implementation and upscaling4• From demonstration projects to regionaladaptation strategy
  20. 20. Sources of information Lessons learnt from the four CCAI demonstration projects runby member countries and exchanges of experiences4-Jun-2013 20
  21. 21. Sources of information (continued) Lessons learnt from the1st Regional exchangeexperience meeting ondemonstrationprojectsin July 2011, Ho ChiMinh, Vietnam Literature review onadaptation projects inthe Mekong Basin4-Jun-2013 21
  22. 22. Lessons learnt for planning, implementation&upscaling of demonstration projects Despite increasing adaptation project efforts,understanding and awareness of climate change andimpacts remains low. Lack of awareness needs to be considered a potentialsource of maladaptation. Uncertainties and doubts on furture climate projectionis an other potential source of maladaptation. Little experience in effectively transferring/ diffusingadaptation experience across different political scales.4-Jun-2013 22
  23. 23. Lessons learnt for planning, implementation &upscaling of demonstration projects(continued) Successful projects should be based on keyvulnerability analysis which leads to finding andenabling adaptive capacity. Engagement of stakeholders should be based onformal institutional arrangement. Stakeholder engagement platforms are consultationmeetings/ workshops and cooperation in assessment,analysis and field work activities. Community organisations and representatives shouldbe consulted and invited to be field researchers.4-Jun-2013 23
  24. 24. An upscaling mechanism to proposeLearning lessonsAssessing scalabilityInclusionStakeholdersand NetworksTools&MethodsMonitoring&EvaluationAdoption and SustainabilitySource: CCAIdraft report4-Jun-2013 24
  25. 25. 254-Jun-20131• Introduction about CCAI2• CCAI demonstration projects3• Lessons learnt for planning,implementation and upscaling4• From demonstration projects to regionaladaptation strategy
  26. 26. Monitoringand evaluation• Conduct evaluation (July-August 2013)• Re-visit the demonstration sites to assess effectiveness of thedemonstratedadaptation measures (2014)Integration and mainstreaming• Assistlocal governments to adopt the results of CCAIdemonstrationprojects (continuous)• Insert findings of demonstration projects to the knowledgebase for regional climate change adaptation strategy (2014-2015)4-Jun-2013 26
  27. 27. Replicationand upscaling• Documentlessons learned from demonstration projects(2013)• Provide checkliststo assist project planning, implementationand upscaling (2013)• Promote the results of CCAI demonstration projects(continuous)• Exchange experiences between CCAI demonstration projectswith others (continuous)• Transfer experiences and lessons learnt of the 1st batch CCAIdemonstrationprojects to the 2nd batch (2013)• Train and promote CCAI trainers in adaptation planningmethodsand tools (2013-2014)4-Jun-2013 27
  28. 28. 28Thank you for yourattention!4-Jun-2013