Pre/post-trip training in Spanish language, dealing with diversity, and team-building.
William Walker 1927-1934: After five hundred battles fought against U.S. marines and sympathizers, Sandino successfully Us military interventions
Anastasio Somoza Garcia2 years later, forces Sarcasa to resign, claims presidencyBeginning of a 40 year regime of repression and exploitation1956 September 1956 RigobertoLópez Pérez, a young poet from León, scarificed his life when he shot the dictator during a social celebration that took place in the city of León. Succeeded by sons, Luis Somoza and Anastsio Somoza DebayleSomoza regime extensively supported by U.S.
Father of modernismo – 1867-1917
Nicaragua September 2012 for Extension Educators
NICARAGUA | SEPTEMBER 2012 May 2012 Paul Treadwell
• First-hand experience of how rural outreach/extension agencies in a foreign culture address issues similar to those that New York faces.• Development of a multi-disciplined Extension Educator network that will work together in the future to provide interdisciplinary solutions to complex problems.• Opportunity for Educators to learn about themselves in relation to other global citizens and return home with renewed enthusiasm to develop innovative Extension programs• Enhancement of Cooperative Extension’s ability to make informed decisions that strengthen youth, families and communities, sustain natural resources, and improve the economy. BENEFITS OF INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCES
• There are a number of factors contributing to our selection of Nicaragua as the environment for our international learning activity: – Active connections to non-profits working in Nicaragua – Connection to the National University of Nicaragua – Ease of access and relatively low cost of travel WHY NICARAGUA ?
GEOGRAPHYApproximately the size of NewYork State.3 zones – Pacific Lowlands Central Highlands Caribbean Lowlands
ECONOMY• coffee, beef, gold, sugar, shrimp and lobster, industrial goods.• 2nd poorest country in the Americas
A LITTLE HISTORY• 1821 – Independence from Spain• 1849 – Railway and Canal Treaty• 1856 William Walker• Somoza Regime 1936-1979• July 1979 – Sandinista revolution
U.S. INTERVENTIONS IN NICARAGUA1907-1990• 1907 - U.S. war ships take possession of Fonseca Gulf.• 1910 - : U.S. troops impose a puppet government• 1912-33 - U.S. military assistance requested to control civil unrest.• 1934 - Sandino successfully expels U.S. armed forces from Nicaragua. The U.S. withdraws, leaving Nicaraguan military officer, Anastasio Somoza as Commander of the National Guard.• 1981-90 – The Contra war
WILLIAM WALKER• 1856 – “President” of Nicaragua – Invited to Nicaragua during civil war – Took power, recognized by President Pierce as legitimate governor of Nicaragua. – Torched Granada during retreat.
SANDINO• U.S Military occupation of Nicaragua, 1927-33• Sandino fought against the occupation, propagated a Nationalist ideology• Betrayed after negotiations with Sacasa (president) to lay down arms – Assassinated By the National Guard • Commanded by Anastasio Somoza Garcia
A LITTLE CULTURE• A nation of poets• Christian – largely Catholic with an increase in evangelical• Mostly mestizo, except:• Caribbean coast - English influence – 3 main indigenous languages and identities• Gallo Pinto
Ruben DarioFATALITYThe tree is happy because it is scarcely sentient;the hard rock is happier still, it feels nothing:there is no pain as great as being alive,no burden heavier than that of conscious life.To be, and to know nothing, and to lack a way,and the dread of having been, and futureterrors...And the sure terror of being dead tomorrow,and to suffer all through life and through thedarkness,and through what we do not know and hardlysuspect...And the flesh that temps us with bunches of coolgrapes,and the tomb that awaits us with its funeralsprays,and not to know where we go,nor whence we came!...
2011-2012 TRIPS WITH STUDENTS January 2012 Learning Exchange to Nicaragua.
COFFEE, CRAFTS AND CULTURE January 2012 Learning Exchange to Nicaragua.
LEARNING THROUGH EXPERIENCE• We do not “serve”, this is not service learning.• Collaborative learning model evolved from discussions in Nicaragua.• Focus on activities and experiences to build solidarityInternational solidarity is "not an act of charity but an act of unity between allies fighting ondifferent terrains toward the same objectives." - Samora Machel
WHY A LEARNING EXCHANGE? • We wanted to shift the model of “service” learning. • Collaborative learning model evolved from discussions in Nicaragua.
SEPTEMBER 2012 EXTENSION TRIP September 07 – 16th, 2012
September 7, 2012: ManaguaArrive at the Sandino International Airport in Managua. First night spent at BestWestern. Introduction to Nicaragua, General discussion of expectations,activities and schedule.September 8: Travel to San RamonMorning departure for San Ramon with a stop in Matagalpa to change money,possible visit to Museum of Coffee, Lunch and Biblioteca La Chsipa. Arrive SanRamon in the afternoon, meet host families, settle in. After dinner with hostfamilies convene at Planting Hope office.September 9 Cooperatives and SustainabilityBreakfast with host families, meet for travel to La Pita. From La Pita to LaHermandad (coffee cooperative). Meet members to discuss coffee production,visit projects on the finca related to sustainability, eco-tourism.Return SanRamon and dinner with host familiesSeptember 10 – San Ramon CAN and UCA – youth and cooperatives inpromoting community food sovereigntyCommunity Agroecology Network and UCA San Ramon – field visit to acooperative, afternoon discussion of collaborative possibilities, potential projectdevelopment. Focus on the role of youth and cooperatives in promotingcommunity food sovereignty in the communities in the municipality.Tentative Schedule – September 7 – September 16, 2012
September 11 Microenterprise, Women and Economic DevelopmentBreakfast with host families, meet for travel to El Chile. Visit Tejido Indigena ElChile (weavers) and others in the community. Return to San Ramon for lunch.Afternoon meeting with Colectivo Mujeres Ecologistas and others.September 12 – Travel to LeonDepart San Ramon. Possibility of visit to El Sauce for microenteprise and youthdevelopment tour and discussion(Connection with SUNY Geneseo program).Arrive Leon in the afternoon and meet with participants/potential collaboratorsfrom UNAN Leon (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua)September 13 – LeonUNAN Leon and region – community developmentSeptember 14 –Masaya | GranadaMorning travel to Masaya Market. Afternoon arrival in Granada.September 15 – GranadaLaguna de Apoyo – unwinding, preparation for return home. Evening final groupdiscussion, exploration of future work, reflections.September 16Travel to Managua Airport-return homeTentative Schedule – September 7 – September 16, 2012
• Lodging - $400.00• Food - $250.00• Transportation - $350.00• In country staff assistance - $100.00• Coordination / Misc costs -$250.00• Total for 9 days - $1350.00• If we exceed 10 participants, cost will be reduced to $1250.00• Current (May 04, 2012) Flight cost from LaGuardia (NYC) to Managua - $570.00 ($600.00 from Syracuse) THE COST (Not including airfare)
• Paul Treadwell – firstname.lastname@example.org• More about San Ramon – http://learninginsolidarity.wordpress.com/san- ramon/ QUESTION AND MORE INFO