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George Herbert Mead


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George Herbert Mead is one of the founders of sociology in the United States of America. Though he has made numerous journals and books, he did not publish even a single one.

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George Herbert Mead

  1. 1. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD (1863 - 1931)
  2. 2. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD (1863 - 1931)
  3. 3. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD "Man lives in a world of meaning."
  4. 4. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD "Society is unity in diversity."
  5. 5. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD "The beauty of a face is not a separate quality but a relation or proportion of qualities to each other."
  6. 6. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD an American philosopher, sociologist and psychologist one of the founders of social psychology pioneered the development of symbolic interaction perspective one of the several pragmatists
  7. 7. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD George Herbert Mead is well-known for his theory of the social self, which is based on the central argument that the self is a social emergent.
  8. 8. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD The social conception of the self entails that individual selves are the products of social interaction and not the logical or biological preconditions of that interaction. It is not initially there at birth, but arises in the process of social experience and activity.
  9. 9. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD For Mead, mind arises out of the social act of communication. Mead’s concept of the social act is relevant, not only to his theory of mind, but to all facets of his social philosophy.
  10. 10. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD According to Mead, there are three activities through which the self is developed: LANGUAGE PLAY GAME
  11. 11. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD Language allows individuals to take on the “role of the other” and allows people to respond to his or her own gestures in terms of the symbolized attitudes of others.
  12. 12. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD During play, individuals take on the roles of other people and pretend to be those other people in order to express the expectations of significant others. This process of role-playing is key to the generation of self-consciousness and to the general development of the self.
  13. 13. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD In the game, the individual is required to internalize the roles of all others who are involved with him or her in the game and must comprehend the rules of the game.
  14. 14. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD Pragmatic philosophers like Mead focus on the development of the self and the objectivity of the world within the social realm: that "the individual mind can exist only in relation to other minds with shared meanings".
  15. 15. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD What is Pragmatism? rejects the idea that the function of thought is to describe, represent, or mirror reality instead, it considers that the thought is an instrument or tool for prediction, problem solving and action
  16. 16. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD What is the philosophy of Pragmatism? "emphasizes the practical application of ideas by acting on them to actually test them in human experiences"
  17. 17. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD What is the focus of Pragmatism? "changing universe rather than an unchanging one as the Idealists, Realists and Thomists had claimed"
  18. 18. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD The two most important roots of Mead's work, and of symbolic interactionism in general, are the philosophy of pragmatism and social behaviorism.
  19. 19. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD There are four main tenets of pragmatism: First, to pragmatists, the true reality does not exist "out there" in the real world, it "is actively created as we act in and toward the world". Second, people remember and base their knowledge of the world on what has been useful to them and are likely to forget "what no longer works".
  20. 20. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD Third, people define the social and physical "objects" they encounter in the world according to their use for them. Lastly, if we want to understand actors, we must base that understanding on what people actually do.
  21. 21. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD George Herbert Mead is also well- known for his concept of the “I” and the “me”. According to Mead, the self has two sides.
  22. 22. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD The “me” represents the expectations and attitudes of others (the generalized other). It is the organized set of attitudes of others that the individual assumes. The “I” is the response to the “me,” or the person’s individuality.
  23. 23. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD According to Mead, the generalized other (internalized in the “me”) is the major instrument of social control for it is the mechanism by which the community exercises control over the conduct of its individual members.
  24. 24. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD For Mead, existence in community comes before individual consciousness. First one must participate in the different social positions within society and only subsequently can one use that experience to take the perspective of others and thus become self-conscious.
  25. 25. grazie