Enduring qualities of an individual that are shown in his
ways of behaving in a wide variety of circumstances
as a predisposition
as a pathoplastic factor
In relation to treatment
Origin – familial
Personality disorders - Diagnostic
Enduring disturbances in personality and behaviour
Involve several areas of personality
Causing personal distress/ social disruption
Pervasive with inflexible behaviour
Manifest from childhood/ adolescence
Not due to brain insult or another psychiatric disorder
10-20% of the population.
Prevalence by gender – variable
Personality changes due to
Organic brain disease
Severe mental disorder
No close relationships.
Detached and aloof
solitary activities; prone to fantasy
little interest in sexual relationships
Lack of enjoyment
indifferent to praise or criticism.
Cognitive and perceptual distortions
Odd / eccentric speech, behaviour and appearance
Narrowed or inappropriate affect.
Few close friends
Excessive social anxiety
Inability to follow society rules
Lack of empathy
Lack of guilt.
Frantic efforts to avoid abandonment
unstable interpersonal relationships; characterized by
idealization and devaluation
Recurrent suicidal behavior
Feelings of emptiness
difficulty in controlling anger
Quasi-psychotic/ dissociative symptoms related to stress.
Uncomfortable if not the center of attention.
shallow and labile emotions
Uses appearance to draw attention.
Perceives relationshipa as intimate
grandiose sense of self-importance.
fantasies of unlimited success, power etc.
Feeling special and unique
sense of entitlement
envies others or believes envied
Contemptuous, haughty, arrogant
Avoids interpersonal relationships
oavoids professional activities
ofear of dislike by others
ofear of shame
oworry of criticism or rejection
ofeelings of inadequacies
unwilling to takes part in new activities, for a fear of being
Difficulty making everyday decisions
Needs others to take the responsibility for the major areas of
Unable to make demands
uncomfortable being on their own
Compulsion to seek intimate relationships
Fear of being left alone.
preoccupation with details
perfectionism that interferes with the completion of the task
inflexible in matters of morality, ethics or values
unable to throw out worthless objects
Does not do apportion of tasks
Stubborn and rigid.