PsychExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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PsychExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. Year 13 Clinical Psychology 2010 Classifying and diagnosing mental disorders The DSM • Most commonly used classification and diagnostic system although the World Health Organisation has also published the ICD • Groups symptoms together into syndromes which relate to specific mental health conditions • Published by the American Psychological Association (APA) • Criteria to help psychiatrists around the world to make diagnoses; contains roughly 400 disorders • DSM evolved from a classification system developed by US army based on simple categories neuroses and psychoses • First published 1952 (DSM I); five revisions now DSM IV TR, (2000), DSM V is on its way (2012) • Has evolved in response to research (such as ‘the Kinsey report’) and changing social norms, e.g. in 1974 revision homosexuality was removed as a form of mental disorder and replaced with sexual orientation disturbance , by 1980 this category was changed to ego-dystonic homosexuality, later removed and replaced with persistent and marked distress about one’s sexual orientation • The DSM is a ‘multi axial’ system; In DSM III, multi-axial classification was introduced; the individual is rated on 5 axes or dimensions to help with the process of diagnosis The 5 Axes Description Axis 1 Axis 2 Axis 3 Axis 4 Axis 5 • Learn it! Create a list of ten taboo words and get chatting with your partner; how many can they get in 1 minute?

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