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Texts and Literacy in the Digital Age:Assessing the future of scholarly communication<br />Tony Hirst<br />Department of C...
Scholarly communication<br />
“In the established scholarly communication system, the concept of a journal publication dominates our definition of a uni...
Peer Review<br />Author<br />“Editing”<br />Page layout<br />Publication<br />Deposit<br />
Publish to whom?<br />Peers<br />Other disciplines<br />Research students (training)<br />Undergraduate students (teaching...
Publish what?<br />Text<br />Diagrams<br />Data<br />Analyses on, or views over, datasets (queries)<br />-> protocols<br />
Peer Review<br />Quality control<br />Replicability<br />Validity<br />Clarity<br />(Discovery/extension – recommend addit...
Publish for what purpose?<br />Reviewing the field<br />Making the next step in an argument<br />Documenting a process<br ...
Summaries as an aid to discovery<br />
Discoverability<br />“Einstein Google Logo At Google…”  by dannysullivan<br />
2<br />The structure of <br />communication networks<br />The atoms of <br />publication<br />
1<br />The structure of <br />communication networks<br />
Under a network view, the silos become self-evident<br />
Echo chambers<br />
Visualization of the Citation Impact Environments of Scientific Journals, LoetLeydesdorff<br />
“Scientific journals tend to cite one another in dense clusters which represent specialties.” [ Leydesdorff ]<br />
Co-author networks<br />
“Hashtag communities”<br />
Personal Twitter Networks<br />
Scholarly communication asHISTORICAL RECORDorACTIVE COMMUNITY PROCESS<br />
“Reach”<br />“Reputation”<br />“Influence”<br />
Participatory Activity(Communication through participation)<br />
2<br />The atoms of <br />publication<br />
“In the established scholarly communication system, the concept of a journal publication dominates our definition of a uni...
Anchored inTIMEandGRANULARITY<br />
Open Notebooks<br />
http://cameronneylon.net/blog/a-little-bit-of-federated-open-notebook-science/[ http://bit.ly/ifp3kq ]<br />
“A week or so ago, Tony Hirst (@psychemedia) left a comment on a blog post which sparked a conversation about feeds and th...
“Over a couple of days we used Twitter for communication, DropBox, GitHub, Gists, and Flickr for sharing data and code, an...
“So another win for open approaches. Again, something small, something relatively simple, but something that came together...
Documentas a DATAbase<br />
Co-author networks<br />
Living Documents<br />
( Dexy.it )<br />
Wouldn't it be superb instead if, when faced with a long-tail query like "obama foreign policy cubavenezuela", we could an...
Version Control<br />
Issue Tracking<br />
(Issue tracking can bea social activity)<br />
Peer Review<br />Author<br />“Editing”<br />Page layout<br />Publication<br />Deposit<br />
2<br />The structure of <br />communication networks<br />The atoms of <br />publication<br />
Tony Hirst@psychemediablog.ouseful.info<br />
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Digital Texts scholarly communication in a digital networked age

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Digital Texts scholarly communication in a digital networked age

  1. 1. Texts and Literacy in the Digital Age:Assessing the future of scholarly communication<br />Tony Hirst<br />Department of Communication and Systems<br />The Open University<br />
  2. 2. Scholarly communication<br />
  3. 3. “In the established scholarly communication system, the concept of a journal publication dominates our definition of a unit of communication”<br />D-Lib Magazine, September 2004<br />Volume 10 Number 9, ISSN 1082-9873<br />Rethinking Scholarly Communication: Building the System that Scholars Deserve<br />H Van de Sompel, S Payette, J Erickson, C Lagoze, S Warner<br />http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/edoc/aw/d-lib/dlib/september04/vandesompel/09vandesompel.html<br />
  4. 4. Peer Review<br />Author<br />“Editing”<br />Page layout<br />Publication<br />Deposit<br />
  5. 5. Publish to whom?<br />Peers<br />Other disciplines<br />Research students (training)<br />Undergraduate students (teaching)<br />Industry (knowledge/technology transfer)<br />News media (expert commentary)<br />Public (public engagement)<br />
  6. 6. Publish what?<br />Text<br />Diagrams<br />Data<br />Analyses on, or views over, datasets (queries)<br />-> protocols<br />
  7. 7. Peer Review<br />Quality control<br />Replicability<br />Validity<br />Clarity<br />(Discovery/extension – recommend additional references)<br />Conformity with formal publishing norms<br />
  8. 8. Publish for what purpose?<br />Reviewing the field<br />Making the next step in an argument<br />Documenting a process<br />Collecting and/or analysing evidence/data<br />Correcting an error elsewhere<br />[ANCHORING KNOWLEDGE]<br />(Making a claim, building reputation)<br />Influence policy<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Summaries as an aid to discovery<br />
  12. 12. Discoverability<br />“Einstein Google Logo At Google…” by dannysullivan<br />
  13. 13. 2<br />The structure of <br />communication networks<br />The atoms of <br />publication<br />
  14. 14. 1<br />The structure of <br />communication networks<br />
  15. 15. Under a network view, the silos become self-evident<br />
  16. 16. Echo chambers<br />
  17. 17. Visualization of the Citation Impact Environments of Scientific Journals, LoetLeydesdorff<br />
  18. 18. “Scientific journals tend to cite one another in dense clusters which represent specialties.” [ Leydesdorff ]<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Co-author networks<br />
  21. 21. “Hashtag communities”<br />
  22. 22. Personal Twitter Networks<br />
  23. 23. Scholarly communication asHISTORICAL RECORDorACTIVE COMMUNITY PROCESS<br />
  24. 24. “Reach”<br />“Reputation”<br />“Influence”<br />
  25. 25. Participatory Activity(Communication through participation)<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27. 2<br />The atoms of <br />publication<br />
  28. 28. “In the established scholarly communication system, the concept of a journal publication dominates our definition of a unit of communication”<br />D-Lib Magazine, September 2004<br />Volume 10 Number 9, ISSN 1082-9873<br />Rethinking Scholarly Communication: Building the System that Scholars Deserve<br />H Van de Sompel, S Payette, J Erickson, C Lagoze, S Warner<br />http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/edoc/aw/d-lib/dlib/september04/vandesompel/09vandesompel.html<br />
  29. 29. Anchored inTIMEandGRANULARITY<br />
  30. 30. Open Notebooks<br />
  31. 31. http://cameronneylon.net/blog/a-little-bit-of-federated-open-notebook-science/[ http://bit.ly/ifp3kq ]<br />
  32. 32. “A week or so ago, Tony Hirst (@psychemedia) left a comment on a blog post which sparked a conversation about feeds and their use for generating useful information. I pointed Tony at the feeds from my lab notebook but didn’t take it any further than that. Following this he posted a series of graph visualisations of the connections between people tweeting at a set of conferences and then the penny dropped for me…sparking this conversation on twitter…”<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. “Over a couple of days we used Twitter for communication, DropBox, GitHub, Gists, and Flickr for sharing data and code, and the whole process was carried out publicly”<br />
  35. 35. “So another win for open approaches. Again, something small, something relatively simple, but something that came together because people were easily connected in a public space and were routinely sharing research outputs, something that by default spread into the way we conducted the project. It never occurred to me at the time, I was just reaching for the easiest tool at each stage, but at every stage every aspect of this was carried out in the open. It was just the easiest and most effective way to do it.”<br />
  36. 36. Documentas a DATAbase<br />
  37. 37. Co-author networks<br />
  38. 38. Living Documents<br />
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
  42. 42. ( Dexy.it )<br />
  43. 43.
  44. 44.
  45. 45. Wouldn't it be superb instead if, when faced with a long-tail query like "obama foreign policy cubavenezuela", we could answer not with a list, but with a relevant composite article that pulled together the key points from all those articles into one overview document - dynamically.the key points from all those articles into one overview document - dynamically. <br />
  46. 46. Version Control<br />
  47. 47. Issue Tracking<br />
  48. 48. (Issue tracking can bea social activity)<br />
  49. 49. Peer Review<br />Author<br />“Editing”<br />Page layout<br />Publication<br />Deposit<br />
  50. 50. 2<br />The structure of <br />communication networks<br />The atoms of <br />publication<br />
  51. 51. Tony Hirst@psychemediablog.ouseful.info<br />

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