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Anime info panel


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Anime info panel

  1. 1. A Brief Explanation of Japanese Media in both the US and Japan
  2. 2. This presentation can be viewed online:
  3. 3. Organization <ul><li>This presentation organized into two parts: </li><ul><li>Part I is for newcomers, and arms you with the knowledge you need to understand certain things
  4. 4. Part II is for more experienced people, and covers some history, culture, and other things </li></ul><li>All of this was done from memory, so it may be incomplete, feel free to chime in and add in some </li></ul>
  5. 5. Part I: For newcomers
  6. 6. What is Anime/Manga? <ul><li>Anime – Japanese Animation/Cartoons
  7. 7. Manga – Japanese Comic Books
  8. 8. Unlike their American counterparts, they can cover very adult or complex topics, and some are targeted at adults exclusively
  9. 9. American comics usually involve superheroes, which isn't always the case with Manga </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other Media <ul><li>There are some other mediums that are often overlooked
  11. 11. Light Novels </li><ul><li>Novels targeted at a younger audience, tell stories much like that of manga
  12. 12. Have a handful of illustrations in them
  13. 13. Many series such as Haruhi and Railgun/Index started as light novels </li><ul><li>The Haruhi novels are licensed, read them! </li></ul></ul><li>Visual Novels </li><ul><li>A computer game where usually you can choose from several different paths
  14. 14. Usually have images of characters on top with a given emotion on their face, and dialogue in a pane on the bottom, dialogue is also spoken most of the time
  15. 15. Some are R-18 (18+, or ”juuhachikin”), some are clean </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Activities <ul><li>Model Building </li><ul><li>Involves piecing together several parts and painting them to build a model
  17. 17. Gundam models are popular </li></ul><li>Cosplay </li><ul><li>Involves creating intracate costumes and dressing up as characters
  18. 18. Some can take months to make and are very detailed
  19. 19. Sometimes people do different adaptations of characters </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Terms <ul><li>There are some terms used to describe different genres that are exclusive to Japanese media
  21. 22. This list consists of the most common, a complete list can be found at </li></ul>
  22. 23. Basic Terms <ul><li>Otaku: Equivalent of geek/nerd, has a negative connotation </li><ul><li>The American definition differs slightly, used more to refer to someone interested in Japan, although personally I dislike it when it's used that way </li></ul><li>Hentai/H, Yuri, Yaoi, Eroge, Boys Love/BL, Ecchi, Lolicon, Bishoujo, etc: refer to erotic material (I'll let you figure those out) </li><ul><li>Side note: booths yelling “Yaoi” don't necessarily sell yaoi exclusively </li></ul><li>S/M: Short for Sadist/Masochist </li></ul>
  23. 24. Basic Terms (cont.) <ul><li>Moe: Basically anything appealing in females is Moe. Some common ones are Glasses (meganeko), Cat Ears (nekomimi), and Maids (meido).
  24. 25. Tsundere: From the terms ”tsun-tsun” (turn away in disgust) and ”dere-dere” (lovey dovey), used to describe how a character changes over time, or how a character may be harsh on the outside, but kind on the inside. </li><ul><li>Classic Tsunderes: Saber from Fate/Stay Night, Haruhi from Haruhi Suzumiya </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Basic Terms (cont.) <ul><li>Yandere: Similar to Tsundere, but instead of from harsh to sweet, it's more from sweet to psychotic (Yan means mental sickness). </li><ul><li>Classic Yandere Series: School Days and When They Cry </li></ul><li>Baka: literally ”foolish”, can translate to idiot/stupid
  26. 27. Doujin: fanwork. Printed works are referred to as Doujinshi.
  27. 28. Fanservice (or just 'service'): Describes techniques used to appeal to male audience, eg. A shower scene (NOTE: 'service/sabisu' usually translates to free stuff) </li></ul>
  28. 29. Basic Terms (cont.) <ul><li>Lolita – A fashion trend where girls and young women dress in the style of elaborate porcelain dolls.
  29. 30. Kawaii – Literally 'cute'
  30. 31. Seiyuu – Voice Actor
  31. 32. Mangaka – Someone who writes manga
  32. 33. Waifu - A female character that one considers to be their &quot;2D wife&quot; (running gag). ”<Character> is mai waifu”
  33. 34. OAV/OVA: Original Animated Video, usually a 1-4 part mini-series or side-story of sorts. </li></ul>
  34. 35. Shipping <ul><li>Relationships are a common topic in anime/manga
  35. 36. The Japanese community has a special way of defining relationships using an ”x”. This was carried over to the US community as well. There are other ways of doing it to, like merging names together (Portmanteau Couple Name). </li><ul><li>The one on the left is the seme, the one on the right is the uke (usually in BL, sometimes not)
  36. 37. When translated, Seme = attacker, uke = reciever </li></ul><li>Generally, the character on the left side is on the sending end, and the right on the recieving end. </li></ul>
  37. 38. Major Series <ul><li>Naruto/Bleach/One Piece are the three most popular (at least in the US) </li><ul><li>Dragonball and Pokemon are arguable </li></ul><li>Other Popular Series/Movies: Fullmetal Alchemist, Cowboy Bebop, Death Note, Haruhi Suzumiya, Spirited Away (or any Miyazaki movie), Princess Mononoke, Evangelion, Elfen Lied, FLCL, K-ON!, Lucky Star
  38. 39. Most liked, but less popular: Clannad, Samurai X, Code Geass, Mushi-shi, Summer Wars, Kanon, Nodame Cantabile, Monster, and Gurren Lagann, Rozen Maiden, To Aru Majutsu no Index/Kagaku no Railgun
  39. 40. </li></ul>
  40. 41. Personal Favorites/Advise <ul><li>Darker Than Black, Railgun/Index, Elfen Lied, Evangelion, Haibane Renmei, Ergo Proxy, Liar Game, Shana, Haruhi, Genshiken
  41. 42. If something has a second or third season, it's probably good
  42. 43. If you want to watch something at a con that is very popular (ie. Evangelion), get there early </li></ul>
  43. 44. State of the Anime/Manga Industry <ul><li>It's future looks grim, but YOU can save it
  44. 45. Currently people in Japan aren't having kids as much, so this is hurting the industry </li><ul><li>Luckilly, the US bailed them out, and we still are to some extent </li></ul><li>The problem: Fansubs and scanlations have caused a newer audience to just pirate all this content, companies don't get money </li><ul><li>Anime convention attendance has gone way up in the past decade or two, but sales haven't gone up much
  45. 46. It's also arguable that the industry started licensing too much, since in the early stages of the US anime industry, fans would buy anything a company produced </li></ul><li>The solution: Buy stuff. If anything, buy merch or DVDs/books from your favorite series at cons or at stores
  46. 47. It's arguable that fansubs/scanlations are good, because they show companies which series are going to be popular (IMO K-ON wouldn't have been licensed if it wasn't so popular with fansubs, although there are probably better examples), but they still are hurting the industry </li></ul>
  47. 48. Part II: Culture Notes
  48. 49. Japanese Culture <ul><li>Japanese people are a lot more forgiving when it comes to nudity and violence, which is why you see it more often in media
  49. 50. Japanese names are flipped so the family name goes first
  50. 51. When referring to someone, you use the family name in formal relationships, and the first name in close relationships. There are also suffixes such as -san, -kun, -chan, -senpai, etc. that need to be used depending on formality level </li></ul>
  51. 52. Japanese Culture (cont.) <ul><li>If a couple is in public, usually it's only publically acceptable to hold hands, nothing more
  52. 53. In the US, usually people set up retirement funds. In Japan, usually the child takes care of their parents' financial burdens when they retire (which is why many asian families pressure children to work hard at school)
  53. 54. During the Meiji Restoration, a lot of changes were introduced to ”westernize” Japan (before, Japanese was somewhat feudal with clans and such)
  54. 55. Common spare time activities include Kareoke, Batting cages, shopping, arcades, etc (there are others). </li></ul>
  55. 56. Japanese Culture (cont.) <ul><li>Japanese baths are different from western baths. In Japan, you're supposed to clean yourself outside of the bath with a shower/bucket of water, then get in the bath to soak. The water in the bath is changed every so often, and is heated before use.
  56. 57. Main religions: Shinto, Christianity, and Bhudism. Shinto is Japan's original religion, has several gods that are within nature </li></ul>
  57. 58. Religion Statistics <ul><li>From
  58. 59. Side Note: Christian symbols and Evangelion </li></ul>
  59. 60. Akihabara <ul><li>Is an area of Tokyo
  60. 61. Is a major shopping area for electronic, computer, anime, and otaku goods, including new and used items.
  61. 62. Seen in Genshiken </li></ul>
  62. 64. Games <ul><li>Arcades are more popular in Japan
  63. 65. Popular genres: fighting, shooter/danmaku, puzzle, RPG/netgames
  64. 66. Touhou: popular doujin game among otaku subculture (tons of fanworks)
  65. 67. Popular games: Final Fantasy, Dragon Quest, Zelda, Street Fighter, Metal Gear Solid, Mario, Puyo Puyo, Sim City, BlazBlue, Pokemon, Mugen, Pokemon (there are TONS, and games' popularity fluctuate, so I can't list them all)
  66. 68. Console rankings (popularity): Wii, PS3, Xbox 360 </li></ul>
  67. 72. Schooling <ul><li>In Japan, to get into a university, you need to take an admission exam. Often times people will go to summer school to study for said exams.
  68. 73. Some schools hold classes on Saturdays
  69. 74. The Japanese school system is based off of France's, and is somewhat different from ours in terms of grade levels
  70. 75. From Kindergarten to High School, students from each grade are divided into several classes, each with their own room. Teachers rotate between rooms, and students remain in the room. Students bow to the teacher before receiving instruction. </li></ul>
  71. 76. Schooling (cont.) <ul><li>In most cases, Japanese students wear uniforms to school. The type of uniform depends on the school, but the most common ones are Sailor Uniforms, Gakuran (derived from Prussian army uniforms), and Western Suits </li><ul><li>Usually there are different uniforms for summer and winter </li></ul></ul>
  72. 78. Trains <ul><li>In highly populated areas, Trains are fairly common
  73. 79. In many cases students will use them to get to school
  74. 80. Talking on a Cell Phone is not allowed on most trains, instead you have to text </li></ul>
  75. 81. Cell Phones <ul><li>Asian cell phones are generally more advanced than the typical American phone
  76. 82. Biggest 3 carriers are NTT Docomo, Au by KDDI, and Softbank
  77. 83. SMS on Japanese phones has for the most part been phased out in favor of email (most phones support email)
  78. 84. QR Codes are common, mainly because mobile versions of websites are common </li></ul>
  79. 85. Language <ul><li>Japanese is less direct than English. For example, in English, if someone is noisy, I may react by saying ”be quiet”, which is a direct order. In Japanese, you would usually say ”urusai”, which literally means ”noisy”.
  80. 86. Japanese doesn't have plurals like we do. For example, if I were to use ペン (pen) in a sentence, it could translate to ”pen” or ”pens”. To indicate more than one, it needs to be done explicitly (lit. “many pen” or “two pen”)
  81. 87. Japanese is Subject Object Verb, English is Subject Verb Object
  82. 88. Japanese has different levels of formality (da vs desu) </li><ul><li>Side note: Suzuki Desu meme </li></ul></ul>
  83. 89. Language (cont.) <ul><li>There are multiple dialects of Japanese </li><ul><li>The most commonly spoken one is the Tokyo dialect, which is what most people learn in textbooks
  84. 90. The second most notable dialect is the Kansai dialect, which is more or less the equivalent of the American southern accent </li></ul><li>Japanese has honorifics (explained before) </li></ul>
  85. 91. Part III: Anime/Manga Community
  86. 92. How Anime is made and translated <ul><li>How it's made </li><ul><li>First they write the story/plot for it, edit it, design characters, then usually they get a studio to animate it
  87. 93. Then, a story board is made, then keyframes are made
  88. 94. Then in-between animators draw the animation between keyframes
  89. 95. Effects are added
  90. 96. Most of these are automated by computers these days
  91. 97. Voice actors then dub over the animation
  92. 98. Side-note: 90% of historical or other facts are wrong in anime </li></ul><li>Translation </li><ul><li>Translators write a main translation for each line, with time codes
  93. 99. That translation is then adapted to subtitle and dub versions
  94. 100. Despite what some people say, professional translators are damn good at their jobs, sometimes flaws were in the original that made it over to the translation </li></ul></ul>
  95. 102. Different Types of Translations <ul><li>Anime is translated differently depending on the audience
  96. 103. Sometimes honorifics are preserved, sometimes different nicknames are used instead, and they make a chart of how people should be referred to
  97. 104. Sometimes words get translated differently depending on the target (eg, doujinshi vs fan comic) </li></ul>
  98. 105. Popular Sites among Otaku <ul><li>Nicovideo </li><ul><li>A video site that allows people to comment at specific points of a video, much like a shared viewing experience </li></ul><li>2ch </li><ul><li>Sort of like 4chan, but in Japanese, and there are tons of boards as opposed to 4chan's 20 or so boards
  99. 106. There are similar ones like 1ch and friends </li></ul><li>Pixiv </li><ul><li>Basically a huge doujin art gallery, English equiv. would be danbooru and friends </li></ul><li>Much like us, they have Internet slang </li><ul><li>wwwww = lolololol, more or less. You can have one 'w' or many
  100. 107. orz = emoticon of a guy bowing
  101. 108. There are also different emoticions, but you can google those ( ゚ Д ゚)
  102. 109. There are also a ton of abbreviations that I'm not going to bother listing </li></ul></ul>
  103. 114. How the American Community Formed <ul><li>Started off as a bunch of people who watched imported VHS tapes that were subtitled
  104. 115. Eventually conventions formed, and people started giving panels on certain series
  105. 116. Anime continued to gain popularity, companies started popping up to licence Anime/Manga, and it grew to what it was today </li></ul>
  106. 117. Differences Between the American and Japanese Communities <ul><li>People who obsess over Anime and Manga are stereotypically nerds who live on their own, have low-income jobs, and have massive ammounts of merchandise (figurines, posters, etc., but keep in mind, it's a stereotype)
  107. 118. Japanese Anime/Manga conventions are more like trade shows, informing people what they should buy or watch on tv/read in magazines
  108. 119. Comiket is a major Japanese convention for Manga and Doujinshi (can find music and games there too)
  109. 120. American conventions are more interactive and informative </li></ul>
  110. 123. Things the Western Community Needs To Work On <ul><li>Fansubs/Scanlations (OneManga and friends) – Ultimately hurt the industry. Buy DVDs/Manga or Stream Legally! (Although it's arguable companies are to blame)
  111. 124. Fans with tunnel vision – Yes, Naruto/Bleach/One Piece are great, but there are other series out there, some even better!
  112. 125. Overuse of the word ”Otaku” - It has a negative connotation in Japan, it should here too. </li></ul>
  113. 126. Learning More <ul><li>Watch both seasons of Genshiken, which introduces a lot of the information here
  114. 127. Watch anime such as Otaku no Video, which discusses Gainax
  115. 128. Read TVTropes for quality series to watch
  116. 129. Look on Anime News Network for popular shows
  117. 130. Don't take Anime/Manga seriously: it's an idealized environment. Go there. </li></ul>
  118. 131. Learning More (cont.) <ul><li>Look up different companies in the industry (such as Gainax)
  119. 132. Learn which companies produce merch (Bandai does a lot of figurines, Cospa does shirts and such)
  120. 133. Good site with realistic info (although, may be outdated): </li></ul>
  121. 134. Want to learn Japanese? <ul><li>Several methods and tools
  122. 135.
  123. 136.
  124. 137.
  125. 138. Rosetta Stone
  126. 139. Anki/spaced repetition flashcard program
  127. 140.
  128. 141. Learn basic grammar and words, then start translating manga and looking up words on or something
  129. 142. Or just take a class, but that's too easy :/ </li></ul>
  130. 143. Questions?
  131. 144. This presentation can be viewed online: