Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Bridging the ALM Divide An Integrated Archive-Library-Museum Approach for Hybrid Institutions Dr. Francesco Spagnolo, Dire...
Magnes: A Collecting History <ul><li>Founded in 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of collecting areas, including –  </li><...
Challenges of Hybrid Institutions Access Catering to a Diversified User Community  Research Across Standards Culture Multi...
Learning from One Another, Learning Together (The “Philosophy” of ALM Integration)  <ul><li>Extending Museum Models </li><...
Extending Museum Models <ul><ul><li>Authorship, Creatorship and “Parties” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Authors and co-au...
Extending Archive Models Varying Notions of “Collection” <ul><ul><ul><li>Facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do...
Extending Library Models <ul><ul><ul><li>Why MARC Still Matters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Circulation and Resear...
Integrating ALM <ul><ul><ul><li>Time – Dates and Periods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects – Local and Global <...
Managing Institutional Change <ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Standards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global Perspectiv...
Technological Details <ul><ul><li>System used: IDEA@ALM on MS-SQL database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databanks </li></ul>...
System Structure: Databanks <ul><ul><li>A databank is a virtual database into which records may be sorted and stored.  </l...
System Structure: Templates <ul><ul><li>The templates are organizational structures in which specified fields are displaye...
System Structure: Templates
System Structure: Templates
System Structure: Managing Standards <ul><ul><li>Metadata Standards Applied to Magnes Installation: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
System Structure: Mastering Multilingual Capabilities <ul><ul><li>Unicode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonyms </li></ul></...
Technological Structure: Searches <ul><ul><li>Search across all databanks, templates, and fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Technological Structure: Flexibility <ul><ul><li>Power Users may modify:  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fields </li></ul></ul...
Big Picture – How We Got Here <ul><ul><li>Evaluated our information management needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Received s...
Struggles & What We’ve Learned <ul><ul><li>Staff adoption has been slow, since we have been making changes along the way <...
Next Steps <ul><ul><li>Continue training staff on procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze current records </li></ul>...
Thank you!! <ul><ul><li>Francesco Spagnolo: fspagnolo@magnes.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perian Sully:  [email_address]...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Bridging The ALM Divide - An Integrated Archive-Library-Museum Approach for Hybrid Institutions

1,499 views

Published on

This session presented a case study of how the Magnes is using new, innovative technology to make their archive, library, and museum information compatible in one centralized collection management system. This project is designed to facilitate research, sharing, and collection management by making all material types searchable and linkable to one another, while using shared metadata sets (eg. some of the Magnes’ museum fields are able to be exported to EAD and MARC; some MARC-enabled fields are also exportable into EAD. Many fields are also ISAD-compliant and the Magnes also used CDWA for some data-entry standards and Getty’s ULAN for the creators and artists).

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Bridging The ALM Divide - An Integrated Archive-Library-Museum Approach for Hybrid Institutions

  1. 1. Bridging the ALM Divide An Integrated Archive-Library-Museum Approach for Hybrid Institutions Dr. Francesco Spagnolo, Director of Research and Collections Perian Sully, Collection Information Manager & Web Programs Strategist The Magnes, Berkeley, CA Presented at the American Association of Museums Annual Conference, Philadelphia, May 3, 2009
  2. 2. Magnes: A Collecting History <ul><li>Founded in 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of collecting areas, including – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews of the American West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>global Jewish Diaspora </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews in “exotic” locations – China, North Africa, India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ceremonial objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fine and decorative arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rare books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cultural ephemera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>historical documents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three major collecting departments - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Jewish History Center: 500 archival collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blumenthal Rare Book and Manuscript Library - ~10,000 items </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent Museum Collection - ~15,000 items </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Challenges of Hybrid Institutions Access Catering to a Diversified User Community Research Across Standards Culture Multicultural Aspects Bridging Textual, Documental and Material Cultures Language Multilingualism and the Levels of Access Script, Transliteration, Translation Whose Vision? One Vision! Cultural Models & Database Structure
  4. 4. Learning from One Another, Learning Together (The “Philosophy” of ALM Integration) <ul><li>Extending Museum Models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extending Archive Models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extending Library Models </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Extending Museum Models <ul><ul><li>Authorship, Creatorship and “Parties” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Authors and co-authors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creators and co-creators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Donors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accession Numbering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracking Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Locations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Containers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Extending Archive Models Varying Notions of “Collection” <ul><ul><ul><li>Facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Donations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collecting Areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual Organization of Materials </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Extending Library Models <ul><ul><ul><li>Why MARC Still Matters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Circulation and Research </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Integrating ALM <ul><ul><ul><li>Time – Dates and Periods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects – Local and Global </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Synonyms and Preferred Terms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meta Collection </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Managing Institutional Change <ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Standards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global Perspectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability of Staff Functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>– Workflow as Ping-pong </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Technological Details <ul><ul><li>System used: IDEA@ALM on MS-SQL database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databanks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Templates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing Standards: EAD, MARC, ISAD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multilingual capabilities with Unicode support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonym Dictionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Searches and Queries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliancy with many standards and languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for information sharing. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. System Structure: Databanks <ul><ul><li>A databank is a virtual database into which records may be sorted and stored. </li></ul></ul>Magnes IDEA@ALM Database Archive Databank Library Databank Exhibitions Databank Administrative Databank Library Databank Museum Databank
  12. 12. System Structure: Templates <ul><ul><li>The templates are organizational structures in which specified fields are displayed. </li></ul></ul>Archive Databank Library Databank Museum Databank Administrative Databank Collection Series Sub-Series Document Photo Rare Book Manuscript Object Individuals Image Location Valuation Condition Ketubbah
  13. 13. System Structure: Templates
  14. 14. System Structure: Templates
  15. 15. System Structure: Managing Standards <ul><ul><li>Metadata Standards Applied to Magnes Installation: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EAD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MARC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISAD </li></ul></ul>Scope and Content (Archive) ‏ EAD: <scopecontent> MARC: 520 ISAD: 3.3.1 Description (Museum) ‏ Abstract (Library) ‏
  16. 16. System Structure: Mastering Multilingual Capabilities <ul><ul><li>Unicode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonyms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phonetic searches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transliterations </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Technological Structure: Searches <ul><ul><li>Search across all databanks, templates, and fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrow searches to specific fields, databanks, and templates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boolean, fuzzy, exact, phonetic searches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonym and preferred-term searches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multilingual searches </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Technological Structure: Flexibility <ul><ul><li>Power Users may modify: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databanks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Templates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Layouts and structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which fields are displayed on internet portal </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Big Picture – How We Got Here <ul><ul><li>Evaluated our information management needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Received support from the Executive Director and Board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviewed staff & analyzed staff workflow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked with vendor to develop system based on institutional needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determined which individual professional processes could be rethought to support the whole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created workflow within the system to support information access </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Struggles & What We’ve Learned <ul><ul><li>Staff adoption has been slow, since we have been making changes along the way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confusion about how to use the system and adopting new practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for more, regular training to familiarize staff with system and methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Took a lot longer than anticipated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housekeeping of practices can be traumatizing </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Next Steps <ul><ul><li>Continue training staff on procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze current records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine-tune magnesalm.org for public launch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop ongoing programs and system modifications to enhance research </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Thank you!! <ul><ul><li>Francesco Spagnolo: fspagnolo@magnes.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perian Sully: [email_address] </li></ul></ul>

×