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  1. 1. BLACKBEARD& The Lost Treasure Of Skull IslandAvalon Theatre Company Study Guide
  2. 2. BLACKBEARD Welcome to Blackbeard & the Lost Treasure of Skull Island by Avalon Theatre Company. Our touring production of Blackbeard & the Lost Treasure of Skull Island, an original one hour presentation, has been designed to “Educate, Enlighten & Entertain!” In this study guide, developed by professionaleducators and English-language teachers, you will find Pre- and Post-Performance Activitiesand Discussion Topics, as well as teacher and student resources. For students who are learningEnglish we have also included key vocabulary so that your students will get the most out of ourperformances. This study guide may be reproduced and distributed to students. It can be foundon our website www.avalontheatrecompany.comAvalon Theatre Company’s Blackbeard & the Lost Treasure of Skull Island is an interactiveperformance and we encourage your students’ participation and we will be asking a number ofyour students to join us on stage.Avalon Theatre Company welcomes your opinion & suggestions on our performances andStudy Guides, so that we can continue to provide teachers and students with the finest in-school, educational theatre experience.We love hearing from students and teachers. Please encourage your students toleave a comment on our Facebook page (Avalon Theatre Company – Group Page)or write us letters and tell us what you thought of the show!Sincerely,Avalon Theatre Company 2
  3. 3. BLACKBEARD TABLE OF CONTENTS The Vocabulary and Activities that are highlighted in red are the most important in ensuringthat your students understand and enjoy Blackbeard & the Lost Treasure of Skull Island. If you only have a limited amount of time to prepare your students for the show, we suggest you focus on these Vocabulary Items & Activities. All of the Activities in our Study Guide may be copied and given to your students. The Answer Key for all of the Activities is on Page 21.BLACKBEARD & THE LOST TREASURE OF SKULL ISLAND – Play Synopsis……….……..4BLACKBEARD & THE QUEEN ANNE’S REVENGE …………………………………..………...5CALICO JACK RACKHAM & ANNE BONNEY………………………………………..…….……..6ALL ABOUT PIRATES…………………………………...…….…………………..………….………7VOCABULARY……………………………………….……….…………………………………..…..8 & 9VOCABULARY ACTIVITIES……………………….…...…….……………………………..……..10, 11, 12PIRATE FLAG – Art & Imagination Activity…………………………………………………………...13THE CARIBBEAN – Geography & Maths Activity…………………………………………………….14TREASURE MAP PUZZLE – Vocabulary Activity………………………………………….…..……..15& 16THEATRE – Discuss & Draw Activity…………………………………………………………….……17WHO’S WHO IN THE THEATRE – Discuss & Write Activity…….……………………………..……18LIFE IN THE 17th CENTURY – History Activity..……….………………………..………………..…..19 & 20ACTIVITY ANSWERS…………………………………………………..……………………………..21ABOUT THE ARTISTS…………………………………………………………………………………22 3
  4. 4. BLACKBEARD& The Lost Treasure of Skull Island The Queen Anne’s Revenge Avalon Theatre Company’s Play – SynopsisBlackbeard and his first-mate, Lieutenant Oliver Lovely, have the only map in the world thatwill help them find the Lost Treasure of Skull Island. But Calico Jack and Anne Bonney willdo anything to steal the map and get the treasure for themselves. Skull Island has manysurprises for these swashbuckling (and sometimes silly!) pirates. Who will be the lonely RockMonster’s friends? Will the Gorilla want Anne to be his bride? Will Doris hula-dance withBlackbeard? Your students will sail the high-seas as they join our actors on-stage asBlackbeard’s Loyal Crew and Calico Jack’s Murderous Mutineers. 4
  5. 5. BLACKBEARD Although we have taken great liberty with their characterisations, Blackbeard the Pirate, Calico Jack and Anne Bonney were actual pirates who roamed the seas in the 17th and 18th century. Below are brief biographies of each of them. BLACKBEARD His real name was Edward Teach, and he was by far the most famous pirate who ever lived. Though little is known of his life before he began his career as a pirate, most historians agree that he was born in England around the year 1680. In the early 18th century, he left for the Caribbean to begin his life at sea. He captured a French ship, renamed it the Queen Annes Revenge, and converted it into his 40-gun flagship. When Britain revoked all privateering licenses in the Caribbean, Teach took the Queen Annes Revenge and turned to outright piracy, quickly becoming the most feared pirate in the hemisphere.He came to be known by his spectacular black beard. Before going into battle, he would tie slow-burning fusesto the ends of his beard, then light them as he approached enemy vessels. Many times the mere sight of himstanding on the deck, his legendary jet-black beard glowing and smoking, was enough to terrify other captainsinto immediate surrender.In 1718, Blackbeard left the Caribbean to raid the coastal towns of the United States. It was a relocation thatwould lead to his death. The governor of Virginia eventually put a price on Blackbeards head and Blackbeardwas finally captured November 22, 1718. Captain Maynard cut off Blackbeards head and hung it on his ship. THE QUEEN ANNE’S REVENGE I n 1997, under the direction of the Underwater Archaeology Branch of the North Carolina Division of Archives and History, archaeologists began exploring, documenting, and recovering archaeological remains at the Queen Annes Revenge shipwreck site. Since the start of The Queen Annes Revenge shipwreck project in 1996, tens of thousands of artefacts have been recovered and many more still lie on the sea bed floor. To learn more about this amazing underwater archaeology project visit or 5
  6. 6. BLACKBEARD CALICO JACK In reality, Calico Jack Rackham was only a mediocre pirate. His fame comes from the fact that the two most famous woman pirates in history, Anne Bonney and Mary Reade sailed with him. Calico Jack got the nickname Calico, because he was always wearing “lousy striped calico pants.” He never had a large enough ship to attack the heavily protected treasure ships and usually attacked fishing vessels and local merchant ships. In 1718, Jack Rackham became a captain of a small pirate ship, but because his share of plundered gold was so small, he decided to retire and in 1719 he returned to the Bahamas and received a Kings Pardon from the governor. There, he met and fell in love with Anne Bonney and she decided to leave her husband and ran away with Rackham. But after a year, Jacks money was running out, so he stole a small ship named the William and returned to piracy. He cruised between Bermuda and Hispaniola and again, he only attacked smaller vessels and mostly local craft. During this time he captured a woman named Mary Reade, who later became one of his pirates. Calico Jack Rackham was captured in 1720, near Jamaica. The day before he had captured a Spanish ship and Calico Jack and his crew had been celebrating all night. According to testimonies, only Anne Bonney and Mary Reade resisted. Calico Jack and the rest of the crew were too drunk to defend the ship. Captain Calico Jack Rackham would certainly be forgotten quickly, if not for the two women who sailed with him. Anne and Mary were more than “just woman pirates” because for the 18th century they broke societys strict rules and escaped traditional restrictions placed on women. After his trial, the names of Calico Jack Rackham, Anne Bonney and Mary Read, spread quickly throughout Europe and the America and they became legends, although in reality as pirates they were just a minor nuisance. Calico Jack and his crew were found guilty, of the crime of piracy. Anne and Mary were pardoned, when it was discovered that they were both pregnant. Calico Jack was hanged with the rest of his crew. ANNE BONNEY “I refuse to be bought and sold like cattle!”Anne Bonney did not disguise herself as a man as is often claimed. She took part incombat alongside the men on the ship and the accounts describe her as a competent“swordsman” who gained the respect of her fellow pirates. Although Bonney is one ofthe best-known pirates in history, she never commanded a ship of her own. Her famederives from the fact that she was a rarity: a female pirate.After Rackham and his crew were sentenced to be hanged, Bonneys last words to theimprisoned Calico Jack were that she was "sorry to see him there, but if he had foughtlike a Man, he need not have been hangd like a Dog."There is no historical record of Bonneys release or of her execution. However,evidence provided by her descendants suggests she was released from jail and 6returned to South Carolina, where she gave birth to Rackhams second child. In 1721she re-married and later had eight children. She died in South Carolina, a respectablewoman, at the age of eighty and was buried in 1782.
  7. 7. BLACKBEARD THERE BE PIRATES! When most people think of today’s pirates, they imagine Long John Silver and Captain Jack Sparrow. In fact, the first known pirates were the fierce “Sea People”, who attacked Greece from the Aegean Sea in the 13th century BC, stealing treasures and capturing hostages. In fact, the word “pirate” comes from a Greek word, “peira,” which has been taken to mean, “to find luck on the sea.” By the time the 1st century BC rolled around, pirates were a part of everyday life. Pirates even kidnapped Julius Caesar at one point. In the Middle Ages, even when pirates were committing crimes they were helping to change history. St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, only ended up in Ireland because pirates kidnapped him and sold him into slavery when he was sixteen. He escaped, but later returned and played a huge role in converting the country to Christianity.Perhaps the most famous pirates are the pirates of the Caribbean. The Golden Age of Piracy lastedfrom the 1560s to the late 1700s. It was during this time that the pirate code was created, and fromwhere our image of pirates as a rag-tag group of brotherly buccaneers comes.Pirates had a system on board their ships determining how captured money was distributed. However,pirates were more "egalitarian" than any other area of employment at the time. The majority of plunderwas in the form of cargo and ships equipment with medicines the most highly prized. (A ship’sdoctors chest would be worth anywhere from £300 to £400, or around $470,000 in todays values!)Jewels were common plunder but not popular as they were hard to sell, and pirates had little concept oftheir value. On average, a pirate could expect the equivalent of a years wages as his share from eachship captured while the crew of the most successful pirates would often each receive a share valued ataround £1,000 ($1.17 million) at least once in their career! Modern Day Piracy Although we all love stories, such as Pirates of the Caribbean and Treasure Island, piracy in the 21st century is a deadly reality that costs the world over 10 million Euros a year. Here is the deadly modern reality. In the year 2000 alone: - 15 merchant vessels were highjacked by pirates; - 138 merchant vessels were boarded by pirates; - Over 400 people were taken hostage by pirates and over 75 people were murdered in cold blood. 7
  8. 8. BLACKBEARDVocabulary The following is a list of some of the vocabulary from the play which teachers may choose to pre-teach before the performance.VERBSTo eat To drink To inhabit To sailTo sail To steal To mutiny To attackTo behave To promise To admit To chooseTo offer To require To hurry To take controlTo hunt To hide To bury To stinkTo search To seek To find To insistTo warn To protect To be sorry To be proudTo scare To lie To trick To disguiseTo scrub To read (a map) To trust To botherTo spend To leave To hug To embraceTo be alone To calm To be calm To be confusedTo hate To decideNOUNSSea Barnacle Telescope ManaclesSword Knife (Knives) Sack PathIsland Bamboo Cage Rock CastleCreatures Monster Sea Monster GorillaBeast Chicken Sack RubberTreasure Treasure Hunt Map LandmarkCaptain Lieutenant Lady (Ladies) PassengersPort Lifeboat Crew LadCriminal Mutineers Arch-enemy VillainCage Lemonade Bucket Scrubbing brushLegend Story Tradition ClueProblem Decision Situation LeadershipNickname Idiot Friend A ShowdownWarning Contest Showdown TeamA Cruise Kitchen TimbersEXPRESSIONS All the rage (to be very popular) My word (my promise) A crush (to be in love with someone) In a minute (very soon – right away) To give up (to quit) To sack (to fire from a job) To be in a good mood To back away from 8
  9. 9. BLACKBEARDVocabularyADJECTIVESDark Terrible Horrible Crazy ShrunkenNasty Evil Terrifying Scary BadSmelly Murderous Awful Mad VillainousBrainless Ugly Dangerous Dark UnfairRich Wonderful Exciting Famous FearedBleak Confusing Disguised Proud LostPretty Gorgeous Beautiful Pretty KindClever Brilliant Loyal Amusing UnfunnyBuried Hidden Nearest Behind CloseFirst Second Third Final DeadHungry Thirsty Safe DisappointedSmall Shy Outrageous Onboard Superlatives Roughest Toughest Deadliest Most FearedTERMS OF AFFECTION A softie A sweetie My darling My little pumpkin My little lamb My little honeysuckle.EXCLAMATIONS OF SURPRISE Oh my goodness!PIRATE PHRASESShiver my timbers! Rattle my rafters!Blow my bellows!The Seven SeasThar she blows!Land Ahoy!Hoist the mizzen!Landlubber!Barnacle brainScurvy ladSaltwater swine!Clap them in ironsDavy Jones’ Locker!The Deck 9
  10. 10. BLACKBEARDACTIVITY # 1 – Vocabulary-AdjectivesMatch the people in Column A to their descriptions in the play, in Column B. Then watch theplay and check your answers. COLUMN A COLUMN B 1.) Lovely, Blackbeard’s assistant a.) “As beautiful as ever.” 2.) The teachers b.) “Small, nasty and evil.” 3.) Blackbeard c.)“They’re here to boss the children about.” 4.) Lady Georgina, a passenger d.) “Brainless:” 5.) The students at your school. e.) “A sweetie.” 6.) Anne Bonney f.) “A good man.”ACTIVITY # 2 – Vocabulary- AdJECTIVESBelow are some adjectives from the vocabulary list. Ask students to think of words that meanthe opposite.ADJECTIVE1.) Hungry (example) Full 2.) Pretty 3.) Evil4.) Exciting 5.) Safe 6.) Kind7.) Shy 8.) Horrible 9.) ConfusingACTIVITY #3 – Vocabulary- DICTIONARY WORKUse a dictionary or the internet to find the meaning of the following words and phrases thatappear in the play: To have a crush on someone (Verb) To scrub something (Verb) An arch enemy (Noun) A nickname (Noun) Delightful (Adjective) Shrunken (Adjective)Now, answer the following questions: 1. Which passenger does Blackbeard not have a crush on? 2. At the end of the play who scrubs the deck of the ship The Queen Anne’s Revenge? 3. Who is Blackbeard’s arch enemy? 4. What is Anne Bonney’s nickname? 5. Which person is called delightful by Blackbeard? 6. Who does Blackbeard describe as “horrible, shrunken creatures”? 10
  11. 11. BLACKBEARDACTIVITY # 4 – Vocabulary – NOUNSAsk students to select the nouns from the list and put them into the correct related categoriesbelow. (The maximum number of words per category is indicated in brackets.)NOUNSSea Friend Gorilla Barnacle TelescopePort Manacles Lady Crew CageSword Knife Island Lad CastleSea Monster Treasure Beast Chicken SackMap Landmark Passengers Kitchen BucketScrubbing brush Arch enemy Villain Captain LieutenantLifeboat Criminal Mutineers People (10) Places (5) Objects (11)___________________ _________ _____________ ______________________________________ _________ _____________ ______________________________________ _________ _____________ ______________________________________ _________ _____________ ______________________________________ _________ _____________ ______________________________________ ______________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Creatures/Animals (4) ______________________________________ ____________________ ______________________________________ ____________________ _______________________________________ ____________________ ___________________ _____________________ 11
  12. 12. BLACKBEARDACTIVITY # 5 – Vocabulary – VERBS There are several examples of phrasal verbs which appear in the play. Can you match the phrasal verbs in Column A to their synonyms in Column B? COLUMN A COLUMN B1.)To put your hands up a.) To leave2.) To back away b.) To quit, To desist3.) To go away c.) To capture, get control4.) To let someone go d.) To surrender5.) To take over e.) To release, To free6.) To give up f.) To retreatACTIVITY # 6 – Vocabulary & ComprehensionAFTER THE SHOW Now, see how well you remember the play. 1. Who does Anne Bonney say “Hands up” to? 2. Who tells Blackbeard to “back away from the treasure”? 3. Who says “Go away and let me spend my money”? 4. Who says “give us the map and we’ll let you go”? 5. Who does Calico Jack ask to help him “take over the ship”? 6. Who says “I give up. I’m lost. I can’t find the treasure”? 12
  13. 13. BLACKBEARD Pirate Flags Blackbeard’s Flag Calico Jack’s FlagPirates sailed under flags called “Jolly Rogers.” The name “Jolly Roger” either comes from the French term“Joli Rouge” meaning “pretty red” or from an old English expression for the Devil, “Old Roger.”If a pirate flag was all red, it meant “no quarter given” and that there would be no survivors after the attack. Soin many ways it was better to see the black “Jolly Roger” flag on an approaching pirate ship because it meantthat you might survive either to be kidnapped to work on the pirate ship, held for ransom or sold into slavery.Each Pirate had their own flag and usually they were designed by the pirate himself. They were designed tostrike terror in their victims. For example, the Pirate Emmanuel Wayne had an hour glass on his flag to showhis victims that their “time was running out.”Common Symbols on a Pirate FlagHour glass Skull Dagger Bleeding heartsCrossed Bones Skeletons SwordACTIVITY # 7 – MAKE YOUR OWN PIRATE FLAG! Ask students to design their own flag that includes symbols of who they are and also symbols that show what they want people to think of them. For an example, if a student loves to listen to music, they could put headphones on the skull or if they love to play guitar, their “Jolly Roger” could have crossed guitars instead of crossed bones. 13
  14. 14. BLACKBEARDACTIVITY # 8 – Geography & Maths Sailing the CaribbeanCalico Jack and Blackbeard are in a race around the Caribbean. Calico Jack’s ship, TheRevenge, was a sloop that could sail 15 knots (27 kms per hour). Blackbeard’s frigate wasmuch larger and heavier and could only sail about 9 knots (17 km per hour.)Blackbeard sailed from the Bahamas to Jamaica (790 kms), then to Barbados (1920 kms) thenback to the Dominican Republic (1350 kms).Calico Jack sailed from the Bahamas to Aruba (1593kms), then to the Cayman Islands(1375kms) and then to the Dominican Republic (1097kms)How many kilometres did each travel and how long did it take them (days or hours)? Who wonthe race?Calico Jack - ______________ ______________ or ______________ Kilometres Hours DaysBlackbeard - ______________ ______________ or ______________ Kilometres Hours Days 14
  15. 15. BLACKBEARD ACTIVITY # 9 – Vocabulary – Treasure Map Puzzle Lieutenant Oliver Lovely has discovered the map to the Lost Treasure of Skull Island! But the treasure map is old and hard to read. One must travel to three places on the island before finding the treasure. Solve the 3 puzzles on the next page to help Lieutenant Lovely find the names of the places. 2 2 3 11 ______ ____2____ ______3 _ _ _ _ _’_ _______ 15
  16. 16. BLACKBEARD Unscramble each of the clue words. Copy the letters in the numbered cells to other cells with the same number. (All the words are from the “NOUN” Vocabulary list.)1 ______ ____ 2 _ _ _ _ _’ _ _______ 3____ ______ 16
  17. 17. BLACKBEARD THEATRE ~ Theatre features live on-stage actors. They have spent many weeks rehearsing for the performance. ~ The audience is a very important part of the performance. The success of the play often depends on the audience and their enthusiasm and participation. ~ It is easy to identify with live actors. You can see how they use their bodies and voices to convey different emotions. ~ Actors wear clothing and make-up to help create the characters they play. ~ There is much more to most live performances than actors. Special scenery, effects, lighting, music, costumes, and of course, the audience add to the total experience.ACTIVITY #10 – Discuss & DRAW! After reading the above, ask students to discuss some of the theatre questions below1.) What was your favourite part of the play? Who wasyour favourite character and why?2.) What is the difference between TV and a live play?Which do you like better and why?3.) Draw a picture of a favourite scene or character.4.) Design a programme cover for the play using the title,and an illustration inspired by the play.5.) In 25 words or less, describe the plot of the play. 17
  18. 18. BLACKBEARD Who’s Who at the Theatre The Writer researches and then writes the dialogue of the play. The Director reads the script and then interprets the story, using the talents of Actors, Designers and Technicians. The Set Designer works with the Director to determine the different “looks” that will be used in each scene to tell the story. The Properties (Props) Designer with the Director and the Set Designer, then creates the props that help to tell the story. The Costume Designer works with the Director to determine the costumes (clothing) that each performer will wear that will help to tell more about each character in the story. The Actors work with the Director to tell the story through their voices, their faces, and their body movements. ACTIVITY #11 – Discuss & Write! 1.) Talk about different things used during the play that helped to tell the story. What things (voices, body movements, props, sounds music and costumes) were used to portray different characters?2.) Pretend that you are the Writer of Blackbeard and the Lost Treasure of Skull Island. Whatother ideas would you have added to the play?3.) Think about what the actors did on stage, where they were standing, how they moved andhow they said their lines. How did the Director use these things to tell the story?4.) Talk about the sets and props in the play. What props or details were used to suggest specifictimes or settings? What materials might have been used in building the sets? What might youhave done differently?5.) What would you need to know to create costumes for a play (research, sewing, theatricaleffects, etc.)? Why is the right costume important to the character in the play?6.) Choose a character from the play and discuss things the actor did to create that character.Why might an actor change his presentation because of audience reaction? Would it be easy to bean actor? What might you have done differently? 187.) Conduct an interview with a classmate pretending to be one of the actors and find out theactors feelings about being on stage, memorization, rehearsals, costumes, audience, etc.
  19. 19. BLACKBEARDACTIVITY # 12 – HISTORY FAMILY LIFE IN THE 1600s th Life in the 17 century if you were an ordinary person was far from warm, loving and caring. A typical household usually included the family as well as lodgers and hired hands. Women gave birth to between 8-10 children. Infant and child mortality was high. One of every three infants died before the age of one. Another third died before adulthood. For adults, the average life span was shorter. In addition, many women died in child birth and the plague killed thousands. Many kids grew up without parents.Children left the home to work full-time as shepherds, cowherds or apprentices at age of 7 or 8. Allwere gone by age of 15. Daughters remained at home until married."Good mothering is an invention of modernization." Very youngchildren were untended and alone for much of the day. There are manyaccounts of children burning to death because they were left alone bythe fire. There are even reports of un-watched children being eaten bybarnyard pigs.Even if the parents had been around, it doesnt appear that it wouldhave mattered very much. The parents basically ignored them. Childrenwere never played with. Mothers did not even refer to their children byname. They would call them "it" or "the creature." Parents were reluctant to form strong emotional bonds with a child who was probably going to die. If a child wandered away, he or she was soon forgotten by their parents. It was crowded! Most families lived in one-room houses. Families shared their one-room houses with livestock and poultry! The one- room was very small. At night, beds were laid on the floor and all the adults and children crowded together for warmth.Everyone was crawling with lice. A bath was a rare event. Everyone stank. If someone was sick withsomething, everyone got it.Marriages were economic arrangements-for money, land, labour, dowry. Emotional attachments wereof no importance to parents who arranged the marriages. 19
  20. 20. BLACKBEARDACTIVITY # 12 – HISTORY WHAT DID THEY EARN? Wages were low for the average 17th century person. The typical daily wage for a labourer was about 8 pence (cents) per day. Most labouring people rarely ate meat. When they did it was usually mutton. A quarter of mutton was two shillings (24 cents.) A "fat pig" was one shilling, four pence (16 pence.) WANT TO GO TO SEA?Impressment, known as, "the Press", was the forcing of men to serve in anavy during wartime. Any man between the ages of 18 to 45 could beforced to sea. And in many cases they were simply kidnapped off thestreets and never heard from again.Many “impressed” sailors were happy to join a pirate crew...if the piratesallowed them to live DISCUSSION QUESTIONS1.) In the 1600s, why would someone be happy to become a pirate? (Ask students to remembersome of the information about pirates on pages 5 - 7.) How would their life be better? Howwould it be worse?2.) Ask students to compare their family life with family life in the 17th century. How are theydifferent? What would they like and dislike about living in the 17 th century.3.) We all sometimes dream about living in a different time and place. Ask students to choose atime and place they think they would have liked to live. Then ask students to research that eraon the internet. What did they find that might make them change their mind. 20
  21. 21. BLACKBEARD ANSWERSACTIVITY # 1 – Vocabulary-AdjectivesANSWERS: 1.) f 2.) c 3.) e 4.) a 5.) b 6.) dACTIVITY # 2 – Vocabulary-AdJECTIVESANSWERS: (examples) 1.) Full 2.) Ugly 3.) Good 4.) Boring, Dull 5.) Safe6.) Mean 7.)Outgoing, Loud 7.) Wonderful 8.) Simple, UnderstandableACTIVITY #3 – Vocabulary- DICTIONARY WORKANSWERS: 1.) Lady Celia 2.) Jack and Anne Bonney 3.) Calico Jack. 4.) Anne Bonney5.) Lady Georgina 6.) The students (in the audience).ACTIVITY #4 – VocabularyANSWERS:PEOPLE PLACES CREATURES and ANIMALS OBJECTSFriend Port Gorilla TelescopeLady Island ManaclesCrew Castle Sea Monster CagePassengers Landmark Beast SwordVillain Kitchen Chicken KnifeCaptain TreasureLieutenant SackCriminal MapMutineers BucketLad Scrubbing brush LifeboatACTIVITY # 5 – Vocabulary – VERBSANSWERS: 1.) d 2.) f 3.) a 4.) e 5.) c 6.) bACTIVITY # 6 – Vocabulary & ComprehensionANSWERS: 1.) Blackbeard 2.) Anne Bonney 3.) Calico Jack 4.) Lieutenant Lovely5.) The Murderous Mutineers 6.) Calico JackACTIVITY # 8 – Geography & MathsANSWERS: Calico Jack - 4,065 KMs - 150.55 hours or 6.27 days Blackbeard – 4,060 kms - 238.82 hours or 9.95 daysACTIVITY # 9 – Vocabulary – Treasure Map PuzzleANSWERS: Puzzle 1 – Jolly Roger, Skull, Timbers, Calico Jack - BAMBOO CAGE Puzzle 2 – Blackbeard, Gorilla, Mutiny, Captain, Sword – GIANT’S EMBRACE Puzzle 3 – Loyal Crew, Treasure, Nickname, Map – ROCK CASTLE 21
  22. 22. BLACKBEARD About the artists Erica Amaro (Lieutenant Oliver Lovely) Trained in Ballet and Contemporary Dance at the Conservatoire of Lisbon. After working as a dancer in Portugal for a number of years, she decided to continue her studies in Musical Theatre and went on to audition for London Studio Centre. Fortunate enough to win a scholarship from the college, she went directly into the 2nd year and trained as a Singer/Dancer/Actress. Since then she has been involved in varied projects, including the London Studio Centre’s production of the play THE HOUSE OF BERNARDA ALBA in the role of "Angustias"; themusical GODSPELL, the professional production of GREASE, playing “Cha Cha” and also performed on a sixmonth worldwide cruise as the lead singer. Back in Portugal she has been involved in many different projects,including performing as a dancer in the opera-tango MARIA DE BUENOS AIRES (Piazzolla), at the NationalTheatre of S. Carlos, in Lisbon. She was also seen at Teatro Tivoli, Lisbon, where she performed the role of"Ariel" in FOOTLOOSE and as "Mia Farrow" in the musical SINATRA - BLUE EYES. Meg Thurin (Anne Bonney, Lady Celia, Doris), graduated from John Cabot University with a Bachelor of Arts and received her postgraduate degree from the Istituto Arte Artiginato e Restauro, Rome, Italy. Since moving to Portugal in 2009, Meg has worked with Avalon Theatre Company and has also participated in various voice-over projects and has performed in a recent TV sitcom pilot filmed in Lisbon. Keith Harle (Blackbeard) – Keith is an actor, director and theatre teacher and has been based in Lisbon for over 15 years. He has been involved in professional theatre, film, television and voice work for 30 years. He has worked for numerous companies in the UK, The USA, Japan and Portugal. He has also performed at several International festivals in Edinburgh, Holland, Hong Kong, Portugal and at The International Theatre Festival in Arrezzo, Italy where he was nominated and received the award for “Best Actor in Consecutive Years.” On Portuguese television, Keith appeared as the evil cyber villain, Costa, in “O Bando dosQuatro” and as Captain McQuinn in the TV series “Equador.” As well as working as a linguistic consultantand materials writer for Santillana Editores, a publisher of educational books and materials, Keith has overtwenty years experience as an English teacher. Keith is a founding partner of Avalon Theatre Company. Grant Shepherd (Calico Jack, Lady Georgina,Rock Monster) – Grant has lived in Portugal for 10 years and has been involved in a number of productions, both as actor and director. He studied Drama at University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, where, as well as acting and directing, he specialised in Shakespeare, Neo-classical French and Restoration Theatre. Directorial credits include The Virtuoso by Thomas Shadwell, The Winter’s Tale by William Shakespeare; True West by Sam Shepard; and The Country Wife by William Wycherley. Favourite roles include Lee (True West); Leontes (The Winter’s Tale); and Vindice (The Revenger’s Tragedy). Grant appeared in the TV series “Equador” as William Cadbury. Grant is a founding partner of Avalon Theatre 22 Company.