European Commission PSI Directive


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European Commission PSI Directive

  1. 1. Revision of the PSI Directive Challenges & opportunities PSI Alliance 5 June 2012 1
  2. 2. Importance of the context  A strategy for smart,  One of the seven flagship sustainable and initiatives of Europe 2020, inclusive growth set out to define the key enabling role that the use of ICTs will have to play if  A vision to achieve Europe wants to succeed in high levels of its ambitions for 2020. employment, a low carbon economy,  The overall aim […] is to productivity and social deliver sustainable economic and social benefits from a cohesion, to be digital single market […] implemented through concrete actions at EU  Action 3: Open up public and national levels. data resources for re-use 2
  3. 3. Open (public data): why does it matter for Europe?• 1. Untapped business and economic opportunities: data is the new gold; possible direct and indirect gains of €140bln across the EU27• 2. Better governance and citizen empowerment: open data increases transparency, citizen participation and administrative efficiency and accountability• 3. Addressing societal challenges: data can enhance sustainability of health care systems; essential for tackling environmental challenges 3
  4. 4. Current rules & current problems A minimal set of rules on fair competition, transparency and practical requirements No right to re-use public data A very permissive charging ceiling  instances of over- charging Since 2003 much improvement but "PSI culture" still in the making 4
  5. 5. Revision of the Directive – main proposed changes Creation of a genuine right to re-use public data: all public data not covered by an exception is to be re-usable Charging rules are amended: • Tariff ceiling lowered to marginal costs • In exceptional cases  possibility to recover costs and claim a reasonable return on investment if duly justified • Burden of proving compliance with charging rules shifts to public bodies Independent supervision of application of the rules is required Limited extension of scope  application of the minimal set of rules of the 2003 Directive with additional safeguards 5
  6. 6. Revision of the PSI Directive – Expected ImpactEconomic analysis  lower charges and more re-use friendlyregulation significantly impact the PSI market:•higher incentives to engage in PSI re-use  more competition and innovation & SMEsmore likely to enter the re-use market•PBs revenues from re-use generally insignificant with respect to their total budget(mostly less than 1 %, rarely more than 15 %); price elasticity effect  actual revenuesof PBs increase•public efficiency and data quality increase•direct revenues to governments from PSI re-use are much lower than benefits fromeasier re-use of PSI (some 1-2% of the aggregate economic impacts from furtheropening up PSI estimated at € 140 billion)•Indirect effects of reduced access: lower growth, reduced dynamism of newinformation-based industries and foregone government tax revenues from higher-growthindustries 6
  7. 7. Thank you for your attention! 7