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Registers

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Talk at the XML Summer School, Oxford, 2016

Published in: Technology
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Registers

  1. 1. Paul Downey
 Registers
 Government Digital Service
 @psd
  2. 2. xmlsummerschool.com Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License summer school Registers Paul Downey Government Digital Service Registers 14 September 2016
  3. 3. History
  4. 4. Create [GDS] Fix publishing Fix transactions Go wholesale
  5. 5. So how can we help make better services, across government, for less?
  6. 6. Government?
  7. 7. gov.uk/government/organisations
  8. 8. 17
  9. 9. Publishing
  10. 10. GDS 1. Start with needs 2. Do less 3. Design with data 4. Do the hard work to make it simple 5. Iterate. Then iterate again. 6. This is for everyone 7. Understand context 8. Build things people can build on 9. Be consistent, not uniform 10. Make things open: it makes things better Design Principles
  11. 11. Design with Data
  12. 12. gov.uk/performance
  13. 13. Build for people, not browsers
  14. 14. https:// www.gov.uk/ after-a-death
  15. 15. https:// www.gov.uk/ info/ after-a-death
  16. 16. Do the hard work to make it simple
  17. 17. When is the next bank holiday?
  18. 18. Do less
  19. 19. It must be gov, yeah, yeah!
  20. 20. No link left behind!
  21. 21. Use the HTTP:
  22. 22. Transactions
  23. 23. https://www.gov.uk/ service-manual
  24. 24. Working on an exemplar
  25. 25. GDS@psd Theodore Burton Fox Ruoff
  26. 26. The mirror principle — the register of title should reflect, accurately and completely, and beyond all argument, the facts that are material to the title
  27. 27. The insurance principle — if, as a result of human error, the title is proved to be defective in any way, then the person or persons suffering loss as a result must be able to claim compensation
  28. 28. The curtain principle — the public register should be the sole and definitive source of information for proposing purchasers, but not reveal sensitive information
  29. 29. Autonomy Mastery Purpose
  30. 30. We had an amazing team!
  31. 31. and we learnt, loads
  32. 32. 77
  33. 33. A digital signature is … I am me I agree!&
  34. 34. Your architecture is for the users
  35. 35. Take fraud seriously
  36. 36. https://gds.blog.gov.uk/ 2015/07/24/building-on- the-steel-thread/
  37. 37. https://www.gov.uk/ transformation
  38. 38. Digital ecosystem
  39. 39. Simon Wardley 
 http://blog.gardeviance.org/
  40. 40. http://blog.gardeviance.org/2013/03/basics-repeated-again.html
  41. 41. http://blog.gardeviance.org/2013/03/basics-repeated-again.html
  42. 42. Services
  43. 43. Start with needs* * user needs, not government needs
  44. 44. Good services are verbs, bad services are nouns
  45. 45. They change quickly in response to learning about their users
  46. 46. Service patterns
  47. 47. Design patterns
  48. 48. Platforms
  49. 49. GOV.UK Pay
  50. 50. GOV.UK Notify
  51. 51. From pounds to pennies and months to minutes
  52. 52. Technology
  53. 53. GDS@psd The main thing is you must be able to change your mind
  54. 54. Data
  55. 55. https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=YdsUunJAums
  56. 56. Discovery on data discovery
  57. 57. Better use of data
  58. 58. Links
  59. 59. “If the data doesn’t link, the website won’t link” — Michael Smethurst
  60. 60. GDS Question: why are companies failing their food inspection?
  61. 61. GDS Questions: — size of companies failing — location of failing companies — quality of premises
  62. 62. GDS Researchers need to know about Food standards Agency, Valuation Office Agency, Land Registry, Companies House, Local Councils, ONS, etc
  63. 63. GDS They need to know what data each of these agencies hold
  64. 64. GDS They need to know how to use each of their systems
  65. 65. GDS They need to understand the licensing terms of the data
  66. 66. GDS More often, they need to know who to ask for help
  67. 67. GDS and they have to clean the data of errors ..
  68. 68. Feedback loops
  69. 69. Better data helps make data better
  70. 70. Longevity
  71. 71. Writing law demands a certain level of commitment from goats, calves and sheep
  72. 72. Make multiple copies!
  73. 73. GDS@psd Digital horcruxes?
  74. 74. My precious!
  75. 75. https://github.com/digital-preservation
  76. 76. Facts don’t rot!
  77. 77. GDS@psd Ship of Theseus
  78. 78. ISE Shrine
 – Clay Shirky, Here comes everybody
  79. 79. Registers
  80. 80. … authoritative data you can trust
  81. 81. “The secretary of state for … will keep and maintain a register of …
  82. 82. companies, charities, trade unions, courts, schools, universities, hospitals, zoos, circuses, inspections, licences, certificates, births, marriages, deaths, electoral roll, insolvencies, bankruptcies, passports, animal passports, drivers, vehicles, land parcels, land ownership, land use, legal boundaries, awards, tax rates, benefits, livestock movements, flood risk, river levels, companies, fish caught, patents, trademarks, designs, non-native invasive plants, bank holidays, clock changes …
  83. 83. List of the day
  84. 84. GDS@psd authoritative lists people need to be able to trust
  85. 85. GDS@psd “An alternative to scurrilous gossip & rumour”
  86. 86. GDS@psd “Helping government to trust its own data …
  87. 87. GDS@psd … even when it’s in a different organisation”
  88. 88. “Data good enough to build services on”
  89. 89. Characteristics of a register
  90. 90. noun
  91. 91. open / private
  92. 92. Getting from lists to registers
  93. 93. “Strings are not things” — Michael Smethurst
  94. 94. But they’re on a lot of forms
  95. 95. “SCOLAND UK” “SCOTALND UK” “SCOTKLAND UK” “SCOTLAD UK” “SCOTLAND” “SCOTLAND UK” “SCOTLAND UK” “SCOTLAND UNITED KINGDO” “SCOTLAND UNITED KINGDOM” “SCOTLAND UNITED KINGODM” “SCOTLAND, UK”
  96. 96. Custodians are essential
  97. 97. github.com/ openregister/ local-authority- data
  98. 98. Proofs
  99. 99. Psychic paper
  100. 100. GDS@psd “As a foo I need to know a bar record came from the bar registry and it hasn’t been tampered with”
  101. 101. GDS@psd “As Chief Registrar of Foo, I need to know the Foo system of record hasn’t been tampered with”
  102. 102. redecentralize.org
  103. 103. Merkle tree magic!
  104. 104. object hash
  105. 105. Registers Design Authority
  106. 106. Our product is the process for establishing registers
  107. 107. ❏Request register ❏Accept register ❏Agree custodian ❏Agree dataset ❏Review how feedback is collected ❏Review how register is updated ❏Meet operational standards ❏Meet technical standards ❏Find duplicate lists ❏Review feedback from alpha ❏Review recent updates ❏Remove duplicate lists We’re in discovery …
  108. 108. Decision log
  109. 109. Platform
  110. 110. Register platform
  111. 111. Platform Product Standard
  112. 112. Standards
  113. 113. Guidance
  114. 114. Towards a digital ecosystem
  115. 115. Knocking down the Towers of SIAM
  116. 116. Guidance and tools for migration
  117. 117. “The government will provide up to £5 million to develop options for an authoritative address register that is open and freely available. Making wider use of more precise address data and ensuring it is frequently updated will unlock opportunities for innovation.” 2016 Budget https://gds.blog.gov.uk/2016/03/23/an-open-address-register/
  118. 118. Paul Downey
 Technical Architect
 Government Digital

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