Enforcing Civil Rights

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Enforcing Civil Rights

  1. 1. Equality
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Suspect classification-a questionable classification based on race or national origin. </li></ul><ul><li>Separate but Equal- a doctrine established in Plessy v. Ferguson upholding segregation as long as public facilities were equal. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Jim Crow laws--state legislation in the South that gave official support to segregation. </li></ul><ul><li>De facto segregation - exists not by law, but in fact. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Citizens in different neighborhoods will attend different schools. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Equal Protection Clause <ul><li>Requires states to apply the law the same to every individual in the same circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>First time civil rights protections were enforced in states by the federal government. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Reasonable Distinction <ul><li>When is it reasonable to distinguish between groups of people? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Three Tests for Distinction <ul><li>Rational Basis Test - Can be used to accomplish a LEGITIMATE goal of government. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: In most states the driving age is 16 or older. Why? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Intermediate Scrutiny Test - the government must show an important reason for treating people differently. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Only men are required to register for Selective Service </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Strict Scrutiny Test- Applied when a fundamental right is being restricted or classification is based on race or ethnicity (suspect classification). </li></ul><ul><li>Government needs to show a “compelling reason”. </li></ul><ul><li>Korematsu v. United States </li></ul>
  9. 9. Segregation <ul><li>Dred Scott (1857)- Denied African Americans U.S. citizenship even if they were citizens of a state. </li></ul><ul><li>Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)- Legally sanctioned racial discrimination. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Brown v. Board of Ed (1954) - outlawed segregation in public schools. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch?v=D2XHob_nVbw </li></ul>

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