The history of the European Union 2000-2009·2000 ·2006·2001 ·2007·2002 ·2008·2003 ·2009·2004·2005 By: Alfredo Pérez Medina
Whats happened in: 2000• Portugal takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.• The intergovernmental conference on institutional reform opens in Brussels, Belgium.• A special European Council is held in Lisbon, Portugal, to decide on a new Union strategy to strengthen employment, economic reform and social cohesion as part of a knowledge-based economy.• The Cooperation Council between the European Union and Russia holds a meeting.• The Parliament and the Council adopt a decision designating 2001 as the European Year of Languages.• France takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.• The European Central Bank, taking joint action with the US Federal Reserve and the Bank of Japan, intervenes in support of the euro.• The European Commission publishes a Green Paper on a European strategy for the security of energy supply.
2001• Sweden takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.• Greece becomes the 12th member of the euro zone.• A European Council is held in Stockholm, Sweden. It lays down guidelines in order to achieve sustained growth, stable macro-economic conditions and employment-rate targets.• An EU-Russia summit is held in Moscow.• A referendum is held in Ireland, the people vote against the Treaty of Nice.• Belgium takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.• A European Union-China summit is held in Brussels, Belgium.• A stabilisation and cooperation agreement between the European Union and Croatia is signed.• The European Commission adopts its work programme for 2002.• The euro-zone countries begin making the euro-kits available. It is now possible for citizens to purchase euro coins in advance of the changeover.
2002• Spain takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The euro coins and notes enter into circulation in the twelve participating Member States: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxemb ourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain.• GALILEO, Europes satellite navigation and positioning system, is launched.• An EU-Mexico summit is held in Madrid, Spain.• The Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) expires after fifty years.• In a second referendum, the Irish people vote in favour of the Treaty of Nice.• An EU-Chile Association Agreement is signed in Brussels, Belgium.• A European Council is held in Copenhagen, Denmark.• The euro becomes the sole currency within the twelve participating Member States, as the period of dual circulation comes to an end. The opening session of the Convention on the Future of Europe is held in Brussels.
2003• Greece takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The EU celebrates 10 years of the Single Market.• An extraordinary European Council is held in Brussels, Belgium.• A referendum is held in Slovenia on the country joining the European Union. The majority is in favour of accession.• A referendum is held in Hungary on the country joining the EU. The majority is in favour of accession.• A referendum is held in Slovakia on the country joining the European Union. The majority is in favour of accession.• Italy takes over the Presidency of the European Union.• A referendum is held in Latvia on the country joining the European Union. The majority is in favour of accession.• The European Commission decides to release a first contribution from the EU budget for reconstruction activities in Iraq.
2004• The European Community signs a landmark tourism accord with China in Beijing.• The inaugural session of the Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly takes place in Athens, Greece.• A European Union - Latin America and the Caribbean summit is held in Guadalajara, Mexico.• A European Council is held in Brussels, Belgium. The Council decided that Croatia is a candidate country for membership and that the accession process should be launched.• The Netherlands takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.• José Manuel Barroso, president-designate of the European Commission, presented the policy portfolios of the 24 nominee Commissioners.• The Sakharov Prize is awarded to the Belarusian association of journalists during a formal sitting of the European Parliament at its plenary session in Strasbourg.
2005• The Commissions strategic objectives for 2005-2009 "Prosperity, Solidarity and Security", are published.• American President George W. Bush visits NATO and the European Union. It is the first visit of a US President to the European institutions.• Today marks the first anniversary of the terrorist attack in Madrid, and has been established as the first European Day for the Victims of Terrorism.• The European Parliament gives its approval for the entry of Romania and Bulgaria into the EU. Actual accessions are scheduled to take place in 2007.• Second meeting of the Stabilisation and Association Council between the EU and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia takes place in Brussels.• European Union accession negotiations open with Turkey and Croatia. The EU - Russia Permanent Partnership Council (PPC) on Energy holds its first ever meeting in London.• The 7th EU - Kyrgyz Republic Cooperation Council meeting is held in Brussels.
2006• The eleventh meeting of the Association Council between the European Union and Bulgaria is held in Brussels.• The European Commission launches a White Paper on debating Europe - involving citizens as the foundation of a European Union communication policy.• The twelfth meeting of the Association Council between the European Union and Romania is held in Brussels.• Today marks the 60th anniversary of the International Court of Justice.• Finland takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.• Parliaments Committee on Transport and Tourism demands an EU-wide blacklist of air carriers which do not meet international aircraft safety standards.• The president of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf, visits the European Parliament, meeting with the leaders of its political groups and EP president Josep Borrell.· The Finnish Parliament ratifies the Constitutional Treaty, this brings the number of Member States which have ratified it to sixteen.
2007• The European Parliament elects Hans-Gert Poettering as its new president.• Informal meeting of the heads of state and government on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the signature of the Treaties of Rome takes place in Berlin.• The European Community becomes the first organisation to accede to the Hague Conference on Private International Law.• Fourth meeting of the Stabilisation and Association Council between the EU and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia takes place in Brussels.• Bulgaria and Romania become full members of Europol.• The Second Ministerial Troika within the framework of the South Africa-EU Strategic Partnership is held in Tshwane, South Africa.• The Treaty of Lisbon is signed at Mosteiro dos Jeronimos, in Lisbon. European Parliament adopts its second reading of the 2008 EU budget, it is officially signed at the Parliament in Brussels on 18 December.
2008• The Council of the European Union adopts a revised accession partnership with Croatia.• The European Parliament celebrates the 50th anniversary of the first meeting of the European Parliamentary Assembly on 19 March, 1958.• The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) celebrates its 50th anniversary with a special commemorative plenary session.• Antonio Tajani is approved by the European Parliament as EU commissioner for Transport, replacing Franco Frattini.• EU leaders meet at a summit to discuss the fighting in Georgia and condemn Russia’s ‘disproportionate reaction’.• Brussels summit – agreement reached on climate action, support for the economy and a response to financial crisis. A plan is agreed for Ireland to ratify the Lisbon treaty.• The EU welcomes Switzerland to its Schengen area, which allows people to travel between countries without border checks whilst ensuring increased police cooperation.
2009• The Czech Republic holds the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the first time. Presidency priorities include the economy and energy.• European members of the G20 group, which represents the world’s largest economies, meet in Berlin. Leaders agree on the need for a common approach to combat the financial crisis and restore trust in the common market.• Hillary Clinton, United States Secretary of State, becomes the highest- ranking US official to visit the European Parliament since Ronald Reagan in 1985.• Sweden takes over the rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union for the second time. Presidency priorities are economic recovery and climate change.• A team of European Union observers monitors the presidential election process in Afghanistan.• At a meeting of the European Council held in Brussels the Stockholm Programme is adopted for the years 2010-2014 aimed at further development of freedom, justice and security.