Farmer, resistance fighter and a genuine European
Member of theEuropeanCommission (EC). Hewas vice president ofthe EEC Commissionfrom January 1, 1958,continued to bevictims of theCommission of theEuropeanCommunities to unifyEuropean executivesfrom July 1, 1967.During all this time hewas responsible forthe portfolio ofagriculture andtherefore theimplementation of theCommon AgriculturalPolicy (CAP).
The March 22, 1972 after the resignation of Franco Maria Malfatti, becamePresident of the European Commission (see Commission Mansholt). Hismandate, which was greatly influenced by the report of the Club of RomeMeadows, ended January 6, 1973. Thus, commenting on economic growth:For me, the most important issue is how we can achieve zero growth in thissociety. [...] If we do not, the distance, the tensions between rich and pooris growing. I worry if get under control these powers fighting for permanentgrowth. Our entire social system insists on growth. [An economy withoutgrowth, would it still a capitalist economy as we know it? The issue is notnew, was openly debated in Paris on June 13, 1972 by Sicco Mansholt, whowas opposed to economic growth after having read the report of the MITMeadows Club of Rome and its many years of experience as rectorEuropean agricultural policy. The debate, organized by Le NouvelObservateur (n. 397, 1972), attracted three thousand people. He hadanother bright star, André Gorz (who used the nickname Michel Bosquet),along with Herbert Marcuse, Edmond Maire (CFDT union), the philosopherEdgar Morin, British ecologist Edward Goldsmith who had publishedBlueprint for Survival in 1971 and the writer Philippe Saint Marc spoke not yetclimate change but the scarcity of resources, and also discussed theincreasing population, the absurdities of macroeconomic accounting ofGDP, happiness, capitalism, socialism, militarism , the technology and thecomplexity. Sicco Mansholt announced preferred the BNB (BonheurNational Brut, Gross National Happiness) gross national product, which had
Sicco Mansholt, who was 63, had started the European debate with aletter to European Commission President Franco Malfatti in February 1972.The letter was written shortly before the UN conference in Stockholm, thefirst major environmental conference particularly concerned aboutchemical contamination. The intention was to promote Mansholt Europeanpublic policies directed towards conservation and recycling and togrowth. Scientific research should support this new line. Mansholt clearlyruled by a democratic socialism planned at European level. Had proposalsdirectly aimed against capitalist profits. He proposed certification ofrecyclables that would tax breaks. A tariff on imports European recyclablesprotect these certificates because otherwise impede internationalcompetition that production less harmful. He was in favor of banning theproduction of many non-essential. Masholt not think the "corporateproduction method" out right now.Other topics such as the class character of the environmental movement,criticism against modernity of Cartesian science, complexity and resultinguncertainties preventing naively use the notion of "ecological balance",were discussed by André Gorz and Edgar Morin in debate Le NouvelObservateur on June 13, 1972, which starred Mansholt. Sicco Mansholtcoincided with several of the protagonists of this debate of 1972 whenenvironmentalism was not a luxury of the rich but a necessity for all, andthat those most affected by pollution and by the inhuman urban poorwere the banlieues. The problems were not just for humans, whether rich or
The Malfatti letter of February 1972 has three thousand words. Then, themost important paragraphs.Dear President: It is fitting that our Commission, in its final year, intenselyengaged in determining economic policy to follow (...) First, some facts. 1.It seems increasingly that national governments can not ensure a balancein the development of their economies. That is not just a Europeanphenomenon occurs in all industrialized states such as the U.S., Japan, etc..The inflationary spiral accompanied by a rise in unemployment is a generalphenomenon. 2. No monetary equilibrium is achieved. At most, we cantalk about a temporary lull but there are all the elements that havemonetary difficulties again (...) These are some of the problems of today,but those who come to us with increasing clarity are much more serious (...) These are problems associated with the following which essentiallydetermine the future of humanity.- The population growth in the world. - Food production - Industrialization. -Pollution - Consumption of natural resourcesI limit myself to these because they are the basis of the report of theSystem Dynamics Group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology,Cambridge, Massachusetts (July 1971). We might add:-Job creation-Achieving meaningful real democracy-creating equal opportunities for all-Our relations with developing countries with respect to this second list ofquestions we could ask if they fall within the legal responsibility of theCommission. Personally, Im not interested in the legal aspect, I think we
I wonder: What can we do as "Europe" and what to do to not getcaught? The problems are so fundamental, so complex and sointertwined that one wonders:(...) Therefore, Europe has a job to do! The population problem is crucial(...) In particular, in developing countries there is a birth rate that takesterrifying dimensions but also in the industrial West can not escape thecontrol of the population. If nothing happens, the world population willdouble in about 30 years, which means that in 2000 we will haveincreased from 3500 to 7000 million. As for the West, it should be notedthat in industrial countries, the consumption of materials and energy percapita is about 25 times greater than the average of developingcountries. If in 30 years we could ensure that "replacement family" is nowthe norm, even then the population would grow to 6 billion. (...) Inpart, we have the task of identifying the economic elements that willfacilitate the promotion of birth control. That could include fiscal policyand the abolition of subsidies for large families. Here we could makeconcrete proposals Can we really do something about it? Can Europe dosomething? Not an issue for everyone together? (...) If Europe is a clearpolicy, then it is best placed to force a policy in the rest of theworld, particularly in the United States and Japan.
(Ulrum, 1908-Wapserveen, 1995) Político holandés. Ministro de Agricultura (1945- 1958), vicepresidente de la comisión de la CEE (1958-1967), vicepresidente (1967-1972) y presidente (1972-1973) de la Comisión de las tres Comunidades Europeas. Presidió las comisiones que, a principios de los años sesenta y en 1968, elaboraron sendos planes para organizar la política agraria europea y las reformas para corregir los desajustes que se habían producido. En 1971 fue uno de los máximos defensores del crecimiento cero.
1908 - Born on the 13th of September in Ulrum, Groningen, Netherlands. 1938 - He became member of the SDAP (Sociaal Democratische Arbeiders Partij ) as a secretary of the local party. - He married with Henny J. Postel. 1945 - He was appointed as Minister of Agriculture, Fishery and Food distribution in Netherlands. - He was a member of "Schermerhorn-Drees " a first Dutch Cabinet after World War II. 1948 - He was a member of the cabinet "Drees-Van Schaik". 1958 - He became the Commissioner of European Commission as a Commissioner for Agriculture, modernising European Agliculture - He was also vice-president of the Commission of European Communities. 1972 - On the 22nd of March, he became the President of the European Commission. 1995 - He died on the 30th of June in Wapserveen, Drenthe, Netherlands.