INDUSTRIAL REGIONS OF THE EU Antonio José Morillas López del Hierro. 3 ESO B
European industrial regions European industry spans several industrial sectors that contribute to high economic valued-added activities and generate mass employment.• All the EU members have an idustrial importance inside the European Union. Is a condition for being a member.
Growth and EnvioromentsEuropean integration has always been a question of social integration. Now that deepfinancial and economic crisis has – hopefully – been overcome, a sustainable upturn willrequire the tension between growth and environment to be resolved productively Thispresents great challenges to governments and trade unions. Taking up these issues, thefirst round of discussions will examine structural change in European industry as achallenge for the regions, focusing on the examples of Silesia, Bohemia and Moravia.The regional industrial sectors undergoing change there will be discussed in threeworking groups for mining, electrical engineering and car-making, and the steelindustry. On the second day trade unionists and researchers will discuss whether newjobs must be “green” jobs, before European politicians explore the impact of Europeanstructural policy on the social and economic policies of the member states.To conclude, practitioners and researchers will outline the challenges for trade unionsand works councils organizing in new industries. Please find the programme of theconference and complete the online registration form by the 28th of February on thewebsite of the Otto Brenner Foundation.
TYPES OF INDUSTRIES IN THE EUEurope Industry: AutomotiveThe European Commission published a report in 2005 which reveals thatthe EU is the worlds leading automotive manufacturing region. Thereport states that almost 34 percent of vehicles in the world aremanufactured in Europe. The EU has a share of 7.6 percent in themanufacturing sector. Its automotive industry offers direct employmentto more than two million people. Indirect employment is provided to over10 million people. The big names in the European automotive industryare Volkswagen, Mercedes-Benz, Aston Martin, BMW, Ferrari, Jaguar andLamborghini.Europe Industry: AerospaceFrance and the UK are the leading employmentproviders in the aerospace industry. Spanning over 4million employees, a majority of them are absorbedin aircraft technology, while the remainingemployees are recruited in space and missileprograms.
Europe Industry: Defense Europe Industry: ChemicalsAdvanced technology is what European European industry is a global leader in theindustry is best known for. It is also known production of chemicals. It comprises 27 percent offor employing highly sophisticated forms the worlds total production, with Germany as itsof technology such as nanotechnology and leader, followed by France, Italy and the UK. Small tobiological innovations to supersede medium sized companies dominate the productionpotential security threats. The European of chemicals.defense industry generates employment Major chemical products include:for 770,000 people. petrochemicalsThe defense industry includes: polymers•space fine chemicals•aeronautics•electronics Europe Industry: Biotechnology•military vehicles European industry is known to be•ships generating annual revenue of $23.3 billion.•armory The EU 2005 report reveals that almost 20Top European companies in the defense percent of the medicines and 50 percent ofindustry are: the drugs come from the biotech industry.•BAe Systems and Rolls-Royce, UK Pioneers in the biotechnology industry are•Thales, France the MEDICON Valley and the Munich region.•EADS, Netherlands•Finmeccanica, Italy
Europe Industry: FoodEuropean industry dominates the food industry as itslargest importer and second largest exporter in theworld. Its most popular destination is theUS, followed by Japan, Switzerland and Russia.European industry faces the challenge of tacklingscarcity of skilled employees so that it continues tosustain its share in global trade.