1970 – 1979The Community grows - first extensionOn January 1st 1973 Denmark, Ireland andthe UK become part of the EuropeanUnion, bringing the number of memberstates to nine. The Arab-Israeli war ofOctober 1973, brief but brutal, results in anenergy crisis and economic problems inEurope. With the overthrow of the Salazarregime in Portugal in 1974 and the death ofGeneral Franco in Spain in 1975 disappearthe last dictatorship right of Europe. The EUregional policy starts to transfer huge sumsto create jobs and infrastructure in poorerareas. The European Parliament increasesits influence in EU affairs and, in 1979, firstelected by popular vote.
April 24, 1972The first plan of the EEC to the creation of a singlecurrency dates from 1970. In order to ensuremonetary stability, Member States decide to limitthe margin of fluctuation between their currencies.This mechanism applied to exchange rates(MTC), which dates back to 1972, is the first steptowards the introduction of the euro, thirty yearslater.The pollution is intensified in the seventies. The EUadopts laws to protect the environment, andintroduces for the first time the concept of "polluterpays". Pressure groups are created as Greenpeace.
January 1, 1973Six Nine officially become the accession ofDenmark, Ireland and the UK.Member States:Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg andthe Netherlands.New Member States: Denmark, Ireland and the UK.Following the Arab-Israeli conflict in October1973, the oil producing countries of the Middle Eastbig price increases and restrict sales to certainEuropean countries, which creates economicproblems throughout the Community.
December 10, 1974As a sign of solidarity, the leaders of theEEC created the European RegionalDevelopment Fund, which guaranteesthe transfer of financial resources fromthe richest to the poorest to improveroads and communications, attractinvestment and create jobs . This policyaccount for one third of the Europeanbudget.
7 a June 10, 1979First direct elections to the European Parliament. Hisdeputies, delegates were once national parliamentsconstitute European political groups(socialists, conservatives, liberals, greens, etc..). TheEuropean Parliaments influence is growing steadily.The fall of the Salazar regime in Portugal in 1974 and thedeath of General Franco in Spain in 1975 end the lastright-wing dictatorships in Europe. Both countries arecommitted to democratic government, which is animportant step on the road to accession to theCommunity.Deshacer cambiosAlpha
El asesinato del antiguo PrimerMinistro italiano Aldo Moro en 1978 essólo uno de los numerosos actosterroristas cometidos por gruposextremistas en los años setenta. Entrelas víctimas de estos atentadosfiguran abogados, hombres denegocios y hombres políticos de granrelevancia, así como once atletasisraelíes que participaban en losJuegos Olímpicos de Múnich (1972).
The Founding Fathers of the EUVisionary leaders following inspired the creation ofthe European Union in which we live today.Without their energy and motivation not live in thearea of peace and stability that we take forgranted. Since the resistance fighters tolawyers, the founding fathers were a diversegroup of people who had the same ideals: apeaceful Europe, united and prosperante. Inaddition to the founding fathers describedbelow, many more have worked tirelessly for theEuropean project and what inspired them. Thissection on the founding fathers, then, is a work inprocess of realization.Deshacer cambiosAlpha
May 9, Europe DayThe ideas underlying the European Union first raised the May 9, 1950 in aspeech by the then French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman. This date iscommemorated today as a key moment in the creation of the EU.On 9 May, Europe Day marks the anniversary of the "Schuman declaration".In a speech in 1950 in Paris, Robert Schuman, French ForeignMinister, proposed a new form of political cooperation for Europe that wouldmake war unthinkable among the constituent countries.His vision was to create a European supranational institution that will managethe joint production of coal and steel. The Treaty creating that entity wassigned less than a year later and became effective in July 1952.Schumans proposal is considered the beginning of what we now know asthe European Union.In an EU summit held in Milan in 1985 it was decided that 9 May is observedas the "Europe Day".Europe Day is marked by various activities and festivities aimed at Europeaninstitutions closer to the people and strengthen the ties between the peoplesof the EU.