Environment• The UE has one of the strongest environmental rules.• Those rules intented to protect endangered species and habitats and to use the resources more responsibly.• These rules are for example the environmental liability which prevent any damage to the environment
European environment related institutions• The most important is the European Environment Agency• But there are others like that have projects or jobs to protect the environment like the European Commission with the Directorate-general for the Environment
Environmental European Agency• Is an institution created in 1990 but it was not until 1994 that it didn’t started to work completely• Its aims are: • Support the information requirements of EU and international environmental legislation • Make assessments of the European environment • Improve the coordination and dissemination of European environmental data and information
Air Pollution• In Europe, emissions of many air pollutants have decreased sharply. However, air continues being harm for the health.• But air pollution also damage our environment: • Acidification: change in natural chemical balance caused by an increase in acidic elements. • Eutrophication: enrichment of water with nutrients, and the associated adverse biological effects.
Biodiversity• The overexplotation of forests, rivers, seas... are the causes of the disminution of biodiversity.• If there were no such biodiversity as there, our life will not be as good as it is.• There are new projects to halt the loss of biodiversity like there was in 2010, the year of the biodiversity.
Climate change• Temperatures are rising, rainfall patterns are shifting, glaciers and snow are melting and the global mean sea level is raising.• European initiatives: • Ratifying the Kyoto Protocolo by improving the energy efficiency • Reducing the production of CO2 • In general to produce less waste and have more efficiency
land use• Europe is one of the most exploited continents (80% of the land) use for settlements, production centre and infrastructure.• To create a policy for the land was a conflict because the European economy is based on the natural resources.• So they create various systems to control and manage it.
Proposal for a new environment action programme in 2020• This is a new project which hope to create a green Europe.• Its keys are to protect natural capital, encourage more resource efficiency and accelerate the transition to the low-carbon economy