Child Rights Art.22-41


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Child Rights Art.22-41

  1. 1. Convention on the Rights of the Child Adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 20 November 1989 Article 22 - 41
  2. 2. Article 22 - State obligations to children who are classed as refugees Refugee - a person who flees, esp. to a foreign country. 1. State parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a child shall receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance in the enjoyment of applicable rights set forth in the present Convention and in other international human rights or humanitarian instruments to which the said States are Parties.
  3. 3. Article 23 – State Obligations to children who are mentally or physically disabled 1. A mentally or physically disabled child should enjoy a full and decent life, in conditions which ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate the child’s active participation in the community. 2. The right to special care and shall encourage extension, which is appropriate to the child’s condition.
  4. 4. 3. Assistance extended in accordance with par.2 shall be provided FREE OF CHARGE, whenever possible, taking into account the financial resources of the parents or others caring for the child, and shall be designed to ensure that the disabled child has effective access to and receives education, training, health care services, rehabilitation services, preparation for employment and recreation in a manner conducive to the child’s achieving the fullest possible social integration and individual development, including his/her cultural and spiritual
  5. 5. Nick Vujicic was born with no arms or legs - but he doesn't let the details stop him. The brave 26-year-old - who is mainly torso - plays football and golf, swims, and surfs, despite having no limbs. Nick has a small foot on his left hip which helps him balance and enables him to kick. He uses his one foot to type, write with a pen and pick things up between his toes.
  6. 6. 4. Enabling State Parties to improve their capabilities and skills to widen their experience in these areas through promote exchange of appropriate information in the field of health care, medical, psychological and functional treatment of a disabled child.
  7. 7. Article 24 - State obligations to provide child health care services 1. The right of the child to have the highest attainable standard of health and facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health. 2. State Parties has to pursue full implementation of this right and shall take appropriate measures: a. to diminish infant and child mortality b. ensure provision of necessary medical assistance and health care c. to combat disease and malnutrition d. to ensure appropriate pre-natal and post-natal health care for mothers e. to ensure that ALL SEGMENTS of society have access to education and are supported in the use of basic knowledge of child health and nutrition, the advantages of breast feeding, hygiene and environmental sanitation and the prevention of accidents
  8. 8. Article 25 - Children placed in physical or mental health care settings have the right to a periodic review of their circumstances and treatment
  9. 9. Article 28 - The child's right to education a. Make primary education compulsory and available free to all; b. Encourage the development of different forms of secondary education (general and vocational education), including the offering of financial assistance in case of need; c. Make higher education accessible to all on the basis of capacity by every appropriate means; d. Make educational and vocational information and guidance available and accessible to all children; e. Take measures to encourage regular attendance at schools and the reduction of drop-out rates.
  10. 10. 2. State parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child’s human dignity and in conformity with the present Convention. 3. Elimination of ignorance and illiteracy throughout the world and facilitating access to particular account shall be taken of the modest teaching methods.
  11. 11. Article 29 - The goals to which a child's education should be directed, and the right of individual adults to establish and direct educational institutions 1. State parties agree that the education of the child shall be directed to: a. the development of child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential b. development of respect in human rights c. development of respect for the child’s parents his or her own cultural identity, language and values d. the preparation of the child for responsible life in a free society , in the spirit of understanding, peace, tolerance, equality of sexes, and friendship among all ethnic, national and religious groups and persons of indigenous origin; e. respect for the natural environment.
  12. 12. Article 30 - The rights of children belonging to ethnic, religious or linguistic minority groups - A child belonging to such a minority or who is indigenous shall not be denied the right, in community with other members of his or her group, to enjoy his culture, to profess and practice his or her own religion, or to use his/her own language.
  13. 13. Article 31 - The child's right to rest, leisure and recreational activities - A child has the right to play and participate freely in cultural life and the arts. We should promote their right to participate fully in cultural and artistic life.
  14. 14. Article 32 - The child's right to be protected from economic exploitation
  15. 15. Article 33 - State obligations to protect children from the illicit use of narcotic and psychotropic drugs
  16. 16. Article 34 - State obligations to protect children from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse
  17. 17. Article 35 - State obligations to prevent the abduction or trafficking of children - State parties shall take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of, the sale of or traffic in children for any purpose or in any form.
  18. 18. Article 36 - State obligations to protect children from all other forms of exploitation prejudicial to the child's welfare Exploitation of a child refers to the use of the child in work or other activities for the benefit of others and to the detriment of the child’s physical or mental health, education. development, and
  19. 19. Article 37 - State obligations to ensure that children are not subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishments, including capital punishment or life imprisonment without the possibility of release
  20. 20. Article 38 - State obligations to ensure that children under fifteen years do not take a direct part in wars or other hostilites, and to protect and care for children affected by armed conflict
  21. 21. Article 39 - State obligations to promote physical and psychological recovery of child victims of torture, degrading treatment or armed conflict
  22. 22. Article 40 - State obligations concerning children who infringe penal laws Infringe – to fail to conform with, violate.
  23. 23. Article 41 - No part of the Convention shall override provisions contained in State laws which are more conducive to children's rights