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Pere	Sala.	Coordinator	of	the	Landscape	Observatory	of	Catalonia	
Vilm,	27	October	2015	
Landscape	planning	at	a	local	lev...
The	publication	
Joint	publication	of	the	Landscape	Observatory	of	Catalonia	and	the	
Government	of	Andorra.	
Complet	vers...
Coincidence	in	time	
The	Government	of	Catalonia	is	in	process	of	drafting	
the	new	Law	on	Territory,	Urban	planning,	
Arc...
Find	out	about	the	main	landscape	planning	
tools	and	experiences	in	the	local	area	that	
exist	in	Europe	and	to	analyse	t...
First	step	
How	are	these	tools	linked	to	local	
planning?		
How	effective	are	they?	
What	is	civil	society’s	role	in	
them...
Structure	of	the	book	
1.  Introduction	
2.  Landscape	policies	
3.  Landscape	planning	tools	
4.  Landscape	in	urban	plan...
Landscape	planning	tools	
Germany	
-				Landscape	Plan	(Landschaftsplan)	
	
France	
-					Landscape	charter	(Charte	paysag...
The	Netherlands	
- Landscape	Development	plan	(LOP,	Landschapsontwikkelingsplan)	
- Landscape	Quality	Plan	(Beeldkwaliteit...
Landscape	in	urban	planning	
France	
-	Territorial	Coherence	Plan	(SCOT)	
-	Local	Urban	Development	Plans	(PLU),	PADD	
and...
Financial	tools	
France		
-	1%	Landscape	and	Development	Policy	
(1%	Paysage	et	développement)		
	
The	United	Kingdom	
-	H...
Example	of	presenting	an	instrument	
Description	
Content	
Application
Example	of	presenting	an	instrument
Example	of	the	application	of	the	instrument
From	the	European	Landscape	Convention	to	the	local	action	
The	CEP	is	triggering	institutional,	regulatory	and	planning	c...
A	modern	landscape	policy	at	a	local	level	today	is	rooted	in	avoiding	the	extreme	
differentiation	between	outstanding	lan...
Landscape	planning	at	a	local	level	begins	at	a	national	level…	
Importance	of	having	strategies	at	all	levels	of	governme...
Risk	of	using	excessively	rigid	and	prescribed	methodologies	and	systems,	and	
which	are	therefore	inflexible	and	difficult	t...
Moving	from	the	regional	to	the	urban	level	
We	have	to	transfer	at	the	local	level	the	landscape	quality	objectives	and	i...
These	tools	are	learning	towards	an	integration	of	contents	within	the	reports	of	
urban	development	plans,	rather	than	be...
Landscape	units	as	an	area	for	planning	
Many	tools	appear	to	function	better	when	applied	to	a	supramunicipal	area	
(Swis...
Excellent	base	for	linking	landscape	planning	decisions	with	urban	planning	in	
order	to	formulate	local	landscape	strateg...
Beyond	regulation:	the	force	of	recommendations	and	good	
practices	
Enormous	utility	of	manuals	and	documents	stating	rec...
Linking	landscape	and	urban	planning	is	not	enough:	links	with	
local	sectorial	policies	
A	modern	landscape	policy	at	the...
Moving	beyond	the	view	of	heritage	in	a	natural	and	cultural		
sense,	as	a	mer	sum	of	specific	features,	places	or	building...
The	efficacy	of	landscape	policies	at	a	local	level	involves	the	clear	definition	of	the	
actors	and	their	responsibilities	a...
Encouragement	rather	than	fines	
Promoting	the	positive	and	constructive	characters	of	the	initiatives	and	
regulatory	laws...
Local	landscapes,	local	maps	
Landscape	mapping	helps	–or	should	help-	make	the	complexity	of	the	landscape	
intelligible	...
Possess	clear,	direct	and	precise	local-level	maps	that	improve	the	incorporation	of	
landscape	issues	and	perceptions	int...
Having	good	mapping	which	is	identifying	or	descriptive	is	not	sufficient,	as	
representations	that	are	focused	primarily	on...
Today,	the	ways	of	understanding	and	conveying	the	complexity	of	the	landscape	
are	increasingly	diverse	(maps,	photograph...
New	sources	of	funding	for	the	landscape	at	local	level	
Important	that	funding	involves	local	stakeholders,	public-privat...
A	final	consideration	
Demand	for	new	forms	of	governance,	
of	landscape	democracy,	of	
involvement	of	society	in	managing	...
www.catpaisatge.net/monlocal	
A	final	consideration
Edited	by:	
Pere	Sala,	Laura	Puigbert,	Gemma	Bretcha	
	
Direction	and	coordination:	
Pere	Sala	
Anna	Moles	
	
Editorial	te...
Acknowledgements:	
Chris	Blake	
Pauwel	Bogaert	
Frédéric	Bonavia	
Mireille	Deconinck	
Maguelonne	Déjeant-Pons	
Gerhard	Erm...
www.catpaisatge.net	
www.twitter.com/catpaisatge	
www.facebook.com/catpaisatge
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Landscape planning at a local level in Europe. The cases of Germany, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Switzerland and the Walloon Region of Belgium

Presentació en el Taller d'experts 'Landschaftsplanung im Innenbereich' (La planificació del paisatge urbà i periurbà) a Vilm, Alemanya (27 d'octubre de 2015), organitzat per l'Agència Federal de Conservació de la Natura - Bundesamt für Naturschutz (Govern federal alemany).

Presentación en el Taller de expertos 'Landschaftsplanung im Innenbereich' (La planificación del paisaje urbano y periurbano) en Vilm, Alemania, (27 de octubre de 2015), organizado por la Agencia Federal de Conservación de la Naturaleza - Bundesamt für Naturschutz (Gobierno federal alemán).

Presentation at the Experts Meeting 'Landschaftsplanung im Innenbereich' (Urban and periurban landscape planning) in Vilm, 27 October 2015, organized by Bundesamt für Naturschutz (German Federal Government).

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Landscape planning at a local level in Europe. The cases of Germany, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Switzerland and the Walloon Region of Belgium

  1. 1. Pere Sala. Coordinator of the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia Vilm, 27 October 2015 Landscape planning at a local level in Europe The cases of Germany, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Switzerland and the Walloon Region in Belgium
  2. 2. The publication Joint publication of the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia and the Government of Andorra. Complet version in Catalan: www.catpaisatge.net/fitxers/publicacions/planificacio/planificacio_paisatge.pdf Complet version in English: www.catpaisatge.net/fitxers/publicacions/planificacio/landscape_planning.pdf
  3. 3. Coincidence in time The Government of Catalonia is in process of drafting the new Law on Territory, Urban planning, Architecture and Landscape. The Government of Andorra is currently implemen7ng the Na7onal Landscape Strategy (2012). Starting point Growing interest of local administrations and entities for the landscape. Growing need to review the tools and the strategies on which landscape policies at a local level have been based to date. The transfer of the landscape quality objectives from a territorial level to a local level is still pending. In Catalonia
  4. 4. Find out about the main landscape planning tools and experiences in the local area that exist in Europe and to analyse their link with local planning, both from an urban as well as a sectorial perspective. Objectives To bring new elements of debate and reflection regarding the incorporation of the landscape into planning. Provide a reference tool for professionals and people interested in landscape planning
  5. 5. First step How are these tools linked to local planning? How effective are they? What is civil society’s role in them? How are they organised in the planning systems and in the respective landscape policies? To study tools and planning regulations of six public landscape policies that are recognised in Europe: Germany, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Switzerland and the Walloon Region in Belgium.
  6. 6. Structure of the book 1.  Introduction 2.  Landscape policies 3.  Landscape planning tools 4.  Landscape in urban planning 5.  Financial tools 6.  Reflections on landscape planning at a local level 7.  Bibliography 8.  Abbreviations and Acronyms
  7. 7. Landscape planning tools Germany - Landscape Plan (Landschaftsplan) France - Landscape charter (Charte paysagère) - Regional natural park charter (Charte du Parc naturel régional) - Landscape plan (Plan de paysage) - Protection perimeter and Recovery of Periurban Agricultural Areas (PAEN) - Green and Blue Network (Trame verte et bleue)
  8. 8. The Netherlands - Landscape Development plan (LOP, Landschapsontwikkelingsplan) - Landscape Quality Plan (Beeldkwaliteitplan, BKP) - Aesthetic Quality Regulation and Framework Plan (Welstandsnota) The United Kingdom - Green Infrastructure, GI Switzerland - Landscape Development Plan (Conception d’evolution du paysage, CEP) The Walloon Region (Belgium) - Landscape program Landscape planning tools
  9. 9. Landscape in urban planning France - Territorial Coherence Plan (SCOT) - Local Urban Development Plans (PLU), PADD and OAP - Area of Valorisation of Architecture and Heritage (AVAP) The Netherlands - Zoning Plan with respect to the LOK (Bestemmingsplan en LOK) The United Kingdom - Landscape Character Assessment in Local Planning (LCA and local planning)
  10. 10. Financial tools France - 1% Landscape and Development Policy (1% Paysage et développement) The United Kingdom - Heritage Lottery Fund, HLF Switzerland - The Swiss Fund for Landscape (Fond Suïsse pour le paysage)
  11. 11. Example of presenting an instrument Description Content Application
  12. 12. Example of presenting an instrument
  13. 13. Example of the application of the instrument
  14. 14. From the European Landscape Convention to the local action The CEP is triggering institutional, regulatory and planning changes and adaptations not only at the regional and national, but also at the local level, which opens up extremely interesting and suggestive perspectives... Ever-increasing and persistent demand from the general public to take part in the “government of places”. Local institutions view the landscape as a possible driving force for their development, a local attraction, a sign of civility, and a way to raise levels of self- esteem, and quality of life.
  15. 15. A modern landscape policy at a local level today is rooted in avoiding the extreme differentiation between outstanding landscapes and others that at first glance seem to have no value: the everyday and ordinary landscapes, which are the immense majority. An integrated approach, considering urban, periurban, rural and natural areas together. From the European Landscape Convention to the local action Landscape planning at a local level is increasingly conceiving the landscape as the result of the interaction of nature and culture, it is past and it is present, it is knowledge and it is emotion.
  16. 16. Landscape planning at a local level begins at a national level… Importance of having strategies at all levels of government, from national to local levels, which are clearly linked to each other, thereby providing coherence to the system as a whole. The relevant role of the national landscape strategies (Paysage 2020, Agenda Landschap), which are increasingly prominent in Europe.
  17. 17. Risk of using excessively rigid and prescribed methodologies and systems, and which are therefore inflexible and difficult to adapt to the specific needs of each area, and which hinder the work of locals entities when establishing new, more imaginative ways of acting, participating and deciding. Landscape planning at a local level begins at a national level…
  18. 18. Moving from the regional to the urban level We have to transfer at the local level the landscape quality objectives and implement them through urban planning and development regulations, to those that affect specific areas and urban details (such us volumes, texture, colour, landscape structure, etc.), to landscape creation and the re-naturalisation of cities (Landscape Quality Plans, Protection Perimeter and Valoration of Periurban Agricultural Areas - PAEN, GI…) Relationship between landscape planning and urban planning (The Netherlands) Schéma de cohérence territorial Rosselle (France)
  19. 19. These tools are learning towards an integration of contents within the reports of urban development plans, rather than being separate documents. The fact that issues link with the everyday landscape, owners, social and economic stakeholders and the public in general to take an active part in the design and the development of this wide variety of tools. Moving from the regional to the urban level Relationship between landscape planning and urban planning (The Netherlands) Schéma de cohérence territorial Rosselle (France)
  20. 20. Landscape units as an area for planning Many tools appear to function better when applied to a supramunicipal area (Swiss Landscape Deveopment Plans, Deutch Landscape Quality Plans, French Landscape Charters and Landscape Plans). Plan de paysage de la Vallée de la Théve Amont (France)
  21. 21. Excellent base for linking landscape planning decisions with urban planning in order to formulate local landscape strategies (linked to agricultural, tourist, cultural and educational areas, etc.), to implement guidelines, to apply regulations, or develop specific projects. Plan de paysage de la Vallée de la Théve Amont (France) Landscape units as an area for planning Functional areas that enable us to move from generalization to concrete initiatives.
  22. 22. Beyond regulation: the force of recommendations and good practices Enormous utility of manuals and documents stating recommendations and good practices to improve the quality of the landscape at the local level. Construire le paysage de demain (Valonia) Guide de bonnes practiques (France)
  23. 23. Linking landscape and urban planning is not enough: links with local sectorial policies A modern landscape policy at the local level must be transversal and strengthen the essential role that cross-sectorial strategies play in the area (agriculture, tourism, heritage…), or those where the landscape can mean a future opportunity (in terms of the local development, economy, entrepreneurship, climate change, health, social cohesion, recreation, education, innovation, etc.). French Chartes paysagères
  24. 24. Moving beyond the view of heritage in a natural and cultural sense, as a mer sum of specific features, places or buildings An integrated conception of landscape planning at a local level include the cultural heritage that is impregnated in the landscape (whether catalogued or not) as factor of the identity, of the memory of a region, or of the historic and cultural references of a place (historical road networks, dry stone walls, avenues trees, field structures, story telling, legends, art, etc.).
  25. 25. The efficacy of landscape policies at a local level involves the clear definition of the actors and their responsibilities at all times (French Regional Natural Park Offices, Dutch Landscape Coordinator). Charte du Parc natural régional des Pyrénées Catalanes (France) “Landscape coordinator” (The Netherlands) A clear definition of responsibilities
  26. 26. Encouragement rather than fines Promoting the positive and constructive characters of the initiatives and regulatory laws, avoiding tools and approaches that are reactionary, prohibitive or penalising in nature, and which may be counterproductive. Programme Paysage (Wallon Region, Belgium)
  27. 27. Local landscapes, local maps Landscape mapping helps –or should help- make the complexity of the landscape intelligible and should be a decision-making tool and contribute to raising the awareness of the landscape to institutions and the public in general.
  28. 28. Possess clear, direct and precise local-level maps that improve the incorporation of landscape issues and perceptions into urban planning and sectorial strategies, focused above all on action. Local landscapes, local maps
  29. 29. Having good mapping which is identifying or descriptive is not sufficient, as representations that are focused primarily on actions are required. Local landscapes, local maps
  30. 30. Today, the ways of understanding and conveying the complexity of the landscape are increasingly diverse (maps, photographs, 3D animations, augmented reality, IT resources and innovations, etc.) and none alone is sufficient for achieving an integrated vision and interpretation. Local landscapes, local maps
  31. 31. New sources of funding for the landscape at local level Important that funding involves local stakeholders, public-private enterprises (companies, foundations, banks, etc.), patronage, sponsorship or other imaginative systems, yet to be explored. Landscape Partnership (UK) Fond suisse prou le Paysage (Switzerland)
  32. 32. A final consideration Demand for new forms of governance, of landscape democracy, of involvement of society in managing the landscape as a common good, based on collec7ve and collabora7ve work, with new forms of interac7on and par7cipa7on between agents. Today we are witnessing a host of local ini7a7ves driven by civil society with enormous poten7al.
  33. 33. www.catpaisatge.net/monlocal A final consideration
  34. 34. Edited by: Pere Sala, Laura Puigbert, Gemma Bretcha Direction and coordination: Pere Sala Anna Moles Editorial team of the initial technical document: Irene Navarro Roser Ginjaume Jordi Grau Àgata Losantos
  35. 35. Acknowledgements: Chris Blake Pauwel Bogaert Frédéric Bonavia Mireille Deconinck Maguelonne Déjeant-Pons Gerhard Ermischer Graham Fairclough Dirk Gotzmann Niek Hazendonk Tapio Heikkilä Anna Jiménez Lucie Julien Felip Juste Felip Juste Luigi Mesisca Bas Pedroli Karina Peña Natàlia Rovira Gilles Rudaz Rob Schröder Jean-François Seguin Elise Soufflet Andreas Stlader Matthias Stremlow Gerrit-Jan Van Herwaarden Stephanie Wilbrand
  36. 36. www.catpaisatge.net www.twitter.com/catpaisatge www.facebook.com/catpaisatge

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