Istituto “F. Tozzi” di Civitella Paganico - Italia Scuola dell’infanzia di Paganico - Scuola dell’infanzia di Campagnatico Via Malavolti 31, 58045 PaganicoTel. 0039 564 905037 FAX 0039 564 905675 e-mail email@example.com Laura Bozzi firstname.lastname@example.org
A lot of people know and appreciate ”Panpepato” today, but there are evenmore estimators of “Panforte” and other typical Sienese cakes, which areconsidered among the most ancient and typical cakes in Italy.The modern Panforte is obviously different from the one which was eatenin the town and in the rural area during the Middle Ages. At that time therewas the “Panes Melatos”, a sort of cake made with flour, water, figs, grapesand honey, which was rich and savoury when it was fresh and after a fewdays it turned sour and took a strong taste: that is why it was called “PanisFortis” or “Panforte”.During the 13th Century , thanks to the crusades and the following tradeswith the East, the Sienese were among the first who discovered,appreciated and took the precious spices to their country.According to tradition “Panforte” was born in the monastery ofMontecellesi, where one day Sister Leta, who was in charge of cooking,opened the kitchen cupboard and saw that the small bags containingalmonds, candies, flour, spices etc. had been gnawed off. As she could notseparate the things that had mixed up, she decided to boil some honey andadd all the ingredients spread in the cupboard, in order to cook somethingfor the poor.
A black cat arrived, just while she was cooking, it rubbed against her dress andmade a strange sound, which was not typical of cats: the nun thought he was apersonification of the Devil, so she sent him away and threw him the hot mixture.When Sister Berta, the Mother Abbess arrived she was happy that the Devil hadrun away and wanted to taste what was left. She enjoyed its smell and taste verymuch and decided to call it “Panpepato”. Let us go back to the facts which havebeen documented. The success of “Panpepato” ( or more generally “Panforte”)soon passed over Sienese frontiers and several documents proof its presence atelegant banquets offered by the rich all over Italy and also abroad.In order to give emphasis to the great competence which was necessary to producePanpepato, in an old parchment of the first years of 18th century we can read a listof primary ingredients which, in addition to water and fire, reach the number ofseventeen ( as many as the Sienese quarters, “contrade”, ever since 1675).The order was: candied oranges, candied lemon skin, cinnamon bark, corianders,aromatic pepper, cloves, nutmeg. Furthermore, as if it were a magical rite, thefollowing virtues were to be added:- honesty- laboriousness- love for good things- temperanceThe man who made Panforte had to be so virtuous, because those virtues led toperfection.
Panforte recipeIngredients for 6 people100 g flour, 120 g kernels of walnuts,300 g sugar, 180 g almonds, 25 gcandied orange, 25 g candied cedar,250 g black candied melon, a pinch ofcinnamon, a pinch of vanilla powder,a pinch of coriander, a pinch ofcloves, flour for baking tin, cinnamonfor baking tin, hosts
PREPARATIONBlanch the walnuts and the almonds in boiling water,then plunge them in cold water and peel. Toast the fruitsin a hot oven for 5 minutes, then chop them up. Place themixture on the pastry board, add the chopped candiedfruit, cinnamon, vanilla powder, coriander, cloves andflour and knead it.Heat sugar in a saucepan until it forms lumps, then addit to the mixture and mix until you obtain a consistentmixture. Put the mixture into a baking tin covered withhosts, level it so that it is quite thick, then sprinkle thesurface with a mixture of flour and cinnamon. Cook thecake in the oven at 140 degrees for half an hour, thenallow it to cool on a grill. If you don’t eat it by the end ofthe day, wrap it in a tin foil: the cake will be deliciouseven after a month.
Rules and explanation of the gamePerhaps not everyone knows this, but with a panforte you can also play.It is a popular game very common in Siena and in Maremma too,handed down by traditions to brighten up the cold winter nights.The "game of panforte" needs a few accessories: a panforte wrapped inthe old fashioned way (it’s not good the type packed in cardboard boxes),a quite long table and a referee with a stiff meter (or, as an alternative, along wooden spoon). The players, divided into teams, take turns rollingthe panforte on the table trying to get as close as possible to the oppositeedge, the referee measures the length obtained by each player until theend of the turn.The referee awards the point to the player who, in the round, gets closerto the edge. If the panforte goes out and falls on the floor the throw is notvalid. If it exceeds the edge, while still remaining on the table, then it is a"hut" which becomes the new measurement to overcome.
Water and fire Where to play: outdoors or indoors What you need: an object of your choice Rules and explanation of the game Hide an object somewhere in the house or garden, without being seen by one participant who need to keep his eyes closed! Then when you say: “ Go!” he runs to find the hidden object: all the other partecipants say "water" if their friend is too far away from the object, "shotfirer" if he is alittle closer and "fire" if he is coming to see it. You cannot lie: if you cheat you are out from the game for a turn!
objectA child hides an another child hasobject to find the object The object is hidden