Social Control Theory And Behavior Trait Theory Comparison<br />Patricia Pryor <br />Kaplan University <br />CJ 102<br />
Behavior Trait Theory <br /><ul><li>Leaders are created
Leadership is learned behavior</li></ul>Description<br />Belief that traits are learned through observation and imitation....
Reason for Criminal Activity Behavior Trait Theory<br />When there is <br /><ul><li>Negative family interaction
Violence in the environment </li></li></ul><li>Social Control Theory <br />Created by Hirschi in 1969, the social control ...
Crime is a unitary concept</li></ul>Description<br />The beliefs within the community is what set norms and belief structu...
Reason for criminal activity Social Control Theory <br />When there is a lack of <br /><ul><li>positive family attachment
Involvement of conventional activities
Involvement in non-conventional activities
Attachment to peers </li></li></ul><li>Similarity between the two theories<br />Although they both do address the situatio...
Differences between the two theories <br />Behavior Trait Theory believes crime is learned from others while Social Contro...
Example Case <br />Gacy was born to Catholic parents in 1942, in Chicago, IL. He was the only son born to a family with th...
Example Case <br />Gacy seemed happy in his family life, but he was hiding the fact that he was homosexual. He was also ex...
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  • including what the theory considers to be the major factors that cause crime http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/theories/behavioral_theory.htm
  • Unit9 pppcr

    1. 1. Social Control Theory And Behavior Trait Theory Comparison<br />Patricia Pryor <br />Kaplan University <br />CJ 102<br />
    2. 2. Behavior Trait Theory <br /><ul><li>Leaders are created
    3. 3. Leadership is learned behavior</li></ul>Description<br />Belief that traits are learned through observation and imitation. Belief that humans learn through example. Humans learn crime and aggressive behaviors by life experiences. <br />Behavior theory assumes that leadership can be learned and not inherent. <br />Crime is learned through Negative family interactions, environments full of violence, and mass media. <br />Behavior is modified through rewards and negative actions then change positives behaviors. <br />If a son sees his father hitting his mother the son will then become violent and abusive to his spouse later in life. The son will follow in these violent patterns.<br />
    4. 4. Reason for Criminal Activity Behavior Trait Theory<br />When there is <br /><ul><li>Negative family interaction
    5. 5. Violence in the environment </li></li></ul><li>Social Control Theory <br />Created by Hirschi in 1969, the social control theory stresses on the fact that most delinquent behavior is the result of unmonitored controls.<br /><ul><li>The community is what controls social norms
    6. 6. Crime is a unitary concept</li></ul>Description<br />The beliefs within the community is what set norms and belief structures, this will either encourage or discourage people from breaking the law. <br />Social bonds are important and those are what is dependent on whether a person will or not conform. <br />Attachment <br />Commitment<br />Involvement<br />Belief <br />
    7. 7. Reason for criminal activity Social Control Theory <br />When there is a lack of <br /><ul><li>positive family attachment
    8. 8. Involvement of conventional activities
    9. 9. Involvement in non-conventional activities
    10. 10. Attachment to peers </li></li></ul><li>Similarity between the two theories<br />Although they both do address the situation differently both theories have <br />Concern for family bonds<br />Concern with what others think or do<br />Involve the community in some way<br />
    11. 11. Differences between the two theories <br />Behavior Trait Theory believes crime is learned from others while Social Control Theory believes social standing controls crime. <br />Behavior Trait Theory blames negative family interactions, Social Control Theory blames negative attachments to family. <br />
    12. 12. Example Case <br />Gacy was born to Catholic parents in 1942, in Chicago, IL. He was the only son born to a family with three children. He was the middle child, Gacy attended parochial school and raised in a Catholic community. Gacy was liked by his teachers, was active in boy scouts. He also had several part time jobs. His childhood was essentially normal. <br />Gacy father was abusive, and his relationship was strained with him. Gacy also had some medical problems due to a brain clot and heart problems. <br />Gacy obtained a degree in Chicago for business. He was skilled at selling, he got a new job and was promoted. Gacy got married and started to manage the KFC owned by his father in law. <br />Gacy was convicted of child molestation while working at the KFC. He served 18 months in prison and his wife divorced him. When he was released he remarried and had three children.<br />
    13. 13. Example Case <br />Gacy seemed happy in his family life, but he was hiding the fact that he was homosexual. He was also extremely aggressive during his homosexual encounters. <br />Gacy murdered 33 boys during 1975-1978. He hid the boys in his crawlspace and would apply lime to try and disguise the odor. Gacy continued to pretend to be a friendly neighbor and had BBQs where the mayor attended. If any questions came up on the odor, it was explained away as a sewage problem<br />
    14. 14. Behavior Trait Theory Related to Gacy<br />Behavior Theory<br /><ul><li>Abusive father figure
    15. 15. Learned violence
    16. 16. Gained hatred
    17. 17. Unable to accept his homosexuality </li></ul>Anti Behavior Theory<br /><ul><li>Brain accident caused him to have blackouts as a child
    18. 18. These blackouts leads to questions about neurological conditions, that cause concern whether his violence stems from brain issues. </li></li></ul><li>Social Control Theory as Related To Gacy<br />Pro Control Theory<br /><ul><li>Bad relationship with his father (Negative Attachment)
    19. 19. Hid his homosexuality</li></ul>Anti Control Theory<br /><ul><li>Prominent member in community
    20. 20. Grew up middle class
    21. 21. Ran a business
    22. 22. Member of Boy Scouts</li></li></ul><li>Continuing to Focus on Theories<br />It is particularly beneficial to understand these theories. These theories help with treatment and intervention. It helps to create a pattern that can be established through these theories in order to understand why a child may be more capable of committing a crime versus another child. Not every theory will work for every person instance someone may commit a serious violent act and slipped under any set theory, but most times these theories help to categorize people and their problems.<br />I believe with modern technological advances the focus needs to me more on brain function or lack of. The ability to understand brain waves, brain maturity, and brain damage can help when trying to understand why someone commits crimes. Brain dysfunction can play a major role on violence and should not be overlooked when trying to classify someone whom has a violent history. <br />
    23. 23. Reference <br />Siegal, Larry J. (2009). Criminology, the Core, University of Massachusetts, Lowell,<br />http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/serial-killers/john-wayne-gacy/, Retrieved on May 20, 2010<br />http://www.crimemagazine.com/boykillergacy.htm, Retrieved on May 18, 2010<br />

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