Indian ParliamentK. Srinivasan2 April 2013IITM, HSCK. SrinivasanPrime Point Foundation2 April 2013 atIITM, HSCIndian Parliament – An overview
What we will discuss today• An overview of Indian Parliament• How Parliament functions?• How to track the performance oflegislators?• Our role
How do you perceive theParliament?What are the constituents ofParliament
Four pillars of democracy• Executive• Legislature• Judiciary• Media
Overview of Parliament• Indian constitution came into forcefrom 26thJan 1950.• Parliament consists of President,Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha• Lok Sabha (545 members) andRajya Sabha (245 members)
• The Constitution of India cameinto force on January 26, 1950.• The first general elections underthe new Constitution were heldduring the year 1951-52 and thefirst elected Parliament came intobeing in April, 1952.
15thLok Sabha• The current Lok Sabha is the 15thLok Sabha – came into being on 4thJune 2009 (543 elected + 2nominated)• 3 Sessions every year – Budget(Feb to April), Monsoon (July &Aug) and Winter (Nov and Dec)
15thLok Sabha• So far 12 Sessions completed. 13thsession in progress.• 303 sittings - 2009 (54), 2010 (81)2011 (73) and 2012 (74)• Before 1980, average 100 workingdays
A day in Parliament• 11 AM – Question hour• 12 Noon – Zero Hour• 2 PM to 6 PM – GovernmentBusiness (In Rajya Sabha upto 5PM)• Members follow party line.
Debates• Government Bills, Matters ofurgent importance, Callingattention motion,• Rule 377, 184, 193 etc.• Upto March 2013, 15716 times• Top 100 MPs contribute 9079(58%)
Debates• National Average 32.9 permember• Arjun Ram Meghwal is topper with386 times• Kerala average 59.2 top amongstates• Tamilnadu 41.4
Private Members Bills• On Friday evening, Members canintroduce their own bill• Need not be party oriented• 372 Private Bills so far• Hansraj Gangaram Ahir 31 Billsand Arjun Ram 20 Bills
Questions• Starred and Unstared• Though 20 listed for oral answers,around 6 or 7 only answered.• So far 1.22,081 questionsanswered. Top 100 Membersraised 61,017 Questions (50%)
Questions• Anandarao Adsul (1055) andGajanan Babar (977) are toppers.• National average 255• Maharashtra 424 tops• Tamilnadu 325
Attendance• Every member is expected to signthe attendance (Ministers andopposition leaders exempted)• Attendance National average 77%• Rajasthan tops with 88%• Tamilnadu 74%
Some of the challenges• Disruption in Parliament – In 201236% of allotted time was lost• 31 bills were introduced in 2012and 22 only passed.• At the end of 2012, 104 bills remainuncleared
Challenges• Eleven bills were passed in 2012with less than 30 minutes debate• Only 10% of starred questionswere answered orally.• Frequent disruptions in QuestionHour.
MPLads• Local Area Development Fund ofRs.2 crores to all MPs• Implemented by District collectors,on the instructions of the MPs
How to track the performance?• Participation in debates, raisingquestions, introduction or privatemembers bills and attendance.• Utilisation of MPLad funds• Contribution to the constituency /nation
Our role• Connect with the legislators.• Assessing the performance• Healthy partnership of the peoplewith legislators
Important websites• www.loksabha.nic.in• www.rajayasabha.nic.in• www.prsindia.org• www.sansadratna.in• www.mplads.nic.in