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power point about Finland

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  1. 1. FINLAND
  2. 3. Name and capital <ul><li>Name: Republic of Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Capital: Helsinki </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Finland has entried in the E.U. in 1995 betwen Sweden and Austria. </li></ul>Year of entry in the E.U.
  4. 5. Total area <ul><li>Finland has a total area of 337.030 km² </li></ul><ul><li>9,4 % of its area is water </li></ul><ul><li>Position 111º </li></ul>
  5. 6. Political System <ul><li>Finland is a representative democracy </li></ul><ul><li>That was a semi-presidential parliamentary system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But now a days is a ceremonial non-executive Presidency </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Political System <ul><li>The President of Finland is the head of state and responsible for foreign policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In cooperation with the cabinet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The president is elected for six years and maximum two consecutive terms </li></ul>Jyrki Katainen
  7. 8. Political Parties National Coalition Party Social Democratic Party of Finland True Finns Centre Party
  8. 10. Population <ul><li>5.259.250 millions </li></ul><ul><li>0-14 años:  16% 15-64 años:  66,1% 65 años y más:  17,8% </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>European: 98.9% (96.7% Finnish + other European 2.2%) </li></ul><ul><li>Asian immigrants and African Americans: 1.1% </li></ul>
  9. 11. Population <ul><li>Two thirds of Finns live in Helsinki or in other major urban centers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Espoo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tampere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vantaa  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turku </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oulu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The northern regions are virtually uninhabited </li></ul><ul><li>The Swedes are 5.5% of the population of Finland </li></ul>
  10. 12. Population <ul><li>RELIGION: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lutheran 80.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atheist 16.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orthodox 1.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other 1.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other Christian </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Currency <ul><li>Markka </li></ul><ul><li>Euro </li></ul>
  12. 14. Official lenguages <ul><li>Finnish and Swedish are the national languages of Finland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finnish dominates in most parts of the country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Native language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The native language of 92 % of the population is Finnish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swedish is the native language of 6% of the population </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Official lenguages <ul><li>Swedish </li></ul><ul><li>Finnish </li></ul>
  14. 16. Music and anthem <ul><li>Anthem: </li></ul><ul><li>Joik music: </li></ul><ul><li>Classical music: </li></ul><ul><li>Eurovision: </li></ul>
  15. 17. Traditions <ul><li>Joulu : </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Day is a time for rest and relaxation. People wait until December 26 to pay visits to friends and relatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Juhannus : The high point of the summer is the Midsummer holiday </li></ul><ul><li>Independence Day </li></ul><ul><li>Easter </li></ul>
  16. 18. Traditions <ul><li>The season culminates with the Helsinki Festival in late August and early September. </li></ul><ul><li>July in particular is the time for the great summer festivals with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Savonlinna Opera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pori Jazz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kuhmo Chamber Music </li></ul></ul><ul><li>among the most internationally renowned events </li></ul>
  17. 19. Traditions <ul><li>The excursions and hiking, as well as incursions into the forests topick berries and mushrooms, are part of the country lifestyle. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Traditions <ul><li>SPORTS: </li></ul><ul><li>As team sports is very successful ice hockey </li></ul><ul><li>The best-known Finnish player: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  Jari Litmanen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sami Hyypiä </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Peetu Piiroinen won a silver medalin the Winter Olympic halfpipe in 2010. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Geographical features <ul><li>Finland is the northernmost country in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>A quarter of the area lies in the north of the Arctic Circle </li></ul>
  20. 23. History of Finland <ul><li>s.XIII-s.XVIII Finland belonged to the Kingdom of Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>Great Northern War (1700–1721) </li></ul><ul><li>s.XVIII occupied by Russia: Duchy of Finland </li></ul><ul><li>s.XX: Republic of Finland </li></ul>
  21. 24. <ul><li>World War II: ally of Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Defeat of Germany: </li></ul><ul><li>Finland lost its territories </li></ul><ul><li>Was controlled by the USSR </li></ul>
  22. 25. Sports <ul><li>Pesäpallo: Finnish baseball is a fast-moving ball sport </li></ul><ul><li>Is a combination of traditional ball-batting team games and north American basebal </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  23. 26. most popular sports in terms of tv viewers <ul><li>Ice-hockey and Formula One. </li></ul>