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Keeping children away from crime: Early prevention as a method for social inclusion

PROVIDUS pētnieces Sanitas Sīles prezentācija 27.Baltijas Kriminologu konferencē, kas no 2014.gada 26.-27.jūnijam notika Viļņā, Lietuvā.

Plašāka informācija par pasākumu: http://www.kriminologija.lt/en/27th-baltic-criminological-conference-programme/

PROVIDUS pētnieces dalība pasākumā tika īstenota projekta „PROVIDUS – valsts partneris politikas plānošanas un veidošanas procesā” ietvaros.
Projektu finansiāli atbalsta Islande, Lihtenšteina un Norvēģija NVO darbības atbalsta programmas ietvaros. NVO darbības atbalsta programma tiek finansēta ar Eiropas Ekonomikas zonas finanšu instrumenta un Latvijas valsts finansiālu atbalstu.

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Keeping children away from crime: Early prevention as a method for social inclusion

  1. 1. Keeping children away from crime: Early prevention as a method for social inclusion Sanita Sīle, PROVIDUS researcher Vilnius, June 26-27 2014 Participation in conference is financed by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway in framework of NGO Activity Support Measure. NGO Activity Support Measure is financed with financial support from EEA Financial Mechanism and Republic of Latvia.
  2. 2. Children and crime
  3. 3. Number of convicted juveniles in Latvia Statistics: Judicial informative system
  4. 4. “Early prevention” refers to a series of actions which aim at creating an environment that deters children from persistent disruptive behaviour and early-onset delinquency. By involving the entire society and implementing specific actions (lawful and socially useful), we can ensure that the personal development of children is as harmonious and as free from crime as possible. International Juvenile Justice Observatory Early prevention
  5. 5. Why it should be done? How can it be done? Where and by whom it should be done? Early prevention / Social inclusion
  6. 6. The aspect of costs
  7. 7. If the programme costs are lower than the expenditures for the damage caused by the crime and compensations it is worth to continue financing the programme. The aspect of costs
  8. 8. The aspect of costs
  9. 9. In the last years a decrease in age of juvenile delinquents and children with antisocial behaviour is observed in Europe. The earlier is the age at which the child commits the first antisocial deeds, the higher is the possibility of the development of such behavioural model in future – an early-starters model. Another group includes children who do not show elements of antisocial behaviour or such behaviour until adolescence but then the situation changes rapidly (late onset model). Educational institutions and family have to be able to recognise antisocial behaviour risks in due time and choose an adequate prevention method for them. Early prevention
  10. 10. Application of prevention measures for children at their adolescence is a battle against the effects and consequences and prevention methods are more suitable for identifying and averting the causes. Successful prevention of antisocial behavior in the work with children at a young age decreases the necessity of crime prevention in later years of children and youth development. Early prevention
  11. 11. Early prevention
  12. 12. Early prevention
  13. 13. The following factors are identified as risk factors: •individual risks (early antisocial behaviour, poor cognitive development, hyperactivity and other emotional stability factors); •family risk factors (poor relations between the parents and children, poverty, maltreatment, violence, divorce, parental psychopathology, familial antisocial behaviours, teenage parenthood, single parent family and large family size); •friends from risk groups (friends with antisocial behaviour; peer rejection); •school and community risk factors (failure to bond to school, poor academic performance, neighbourhood disadvantage, disorganized neighbourhoods, easy access to drugs and toxic substances). The risk factors
  14. 14. The following protective factors are opposed with the above mentioned risk factors: •regular school (preschool) attendance; •motivation to learn, acquire new skills, participation in extra curriculum activities; •positive attitude about the world in general; •ability to discuss problems with parents and family; •positive adult example. Antisocial behaviour prevention and interventions are applied to reduce risk factors and activate protective factors The protective factors
  15. 15. Building a Support System to Prevent Juvenile Delinquency Duration: 01.01.2011.-30.06.2012. Practical experience I
  16. 16. Keeping Youth Away from Crime: Searching for Best European Practices Duration: 07.01.2013.-06.01.2015. Practical experience II
  17. 17. Reducing youth at risk numbers: modeling early childhood intervention approaches Duration: 01.11.2013.-31.10.2015. Practical experience III
  18. 18. Criminal justice prevention a set of methods which the law enforcement agencies work with. Situational prevention set of activities in order to reduce the opportunities for antisocial behaviour and prevent it. Community prevention has a task to achieve changes in the social conditions and institutions that can influence the environment (community) in which antisocial behaviour is or can be performed Developmental prevention refers to the inhibition of the development of antisocial behaviour in individuals, using prevention methods to target risk factors that can influence further human development. Early prevention
  19. 19. The main conclusions
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention! Sanita Sīle sanita.sile@providus.lv

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