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Summary of the Hero's Journey

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A summary of the Hero's Journey, Joseph Campbell's formulation of the "monomyth" in mythology and literature. Originally presented to the Fredericksburg Writing as a Business Meetup, 24 January 2015.

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Summary of the Hero's Journey

  1. 1. The Hero’s Journey David P. Wood @prototypo January 2015 Updated March 2015
  2. 2. All my stories are like the Greek and Roman myths, and the Egyptian myths, and the Old and New Testament. — Ray Bradbury
  3. 3. Joseph Campbell, mythologist Developed the theory of the hero’s journey in literature and mythology
  4. 4. “In his study of world hero myths Campbell discovered that they are all basically the same story – retold endlessly in infinite variations.” — Christopher Vogler
  5. 5. Carl Jung, psychiatrist Developed concepts of archetypes, and the collective unconscious
  6. 6. James Joyce, novelist Combined many symbols from mythology, history, and literature Coined the term “monomyth”
  7. 7. The hero’s journey monomyth archetypes
  8. 8. The Hero’s Journey 8. Abyss Ordeal, Death & Rebirth Known: Ordinary World Unknown: Special World
  9. 9. The Hero’s Journey 8. Abyss Ordeal, Death & Rebirth Mentor Helper Threshold Guardians Threshold Guardians
  10. 10. The Hero’s Journey 8. Abyss ordeal, death & rebirth 1. Ordinary world 2. Call to adventure 3. Refusal of the call 4. Meeting the mentor 5. Crossing the threshold 6. Tests, allies, enemies 7. Approach 9. Reward, seizing the sword 10. The road back 11. Resurrection 12. Return with elixir
  11. 11. The Hero’s Journey 8. Abyss ordeal, death & rebirth 1. Ordinary world 2. Call to adventure 3. Refusal of the call 4. Meeting the mentor 5. Crossing the threshold 6. Tests, allies, enemies 7. Approach 9. Reward, seizing the sword 10. The road back 11. Resurrection 12. Return with elixir “Revelation” “Transformation” “Atonement” “Gift of the god/goddess”
  12. 12. Infinite variation allows you to twist, remove, add any aspects of the pattern you like!
  13. 13. Archetypes Heroes MentorsShadows Heralds Threshold Guardians Shapeshifters Tricksters Allies (change)
  14. 14. The Hero’s Inner Journey Big change feeling of rebirth 1. Limited awareness of problem 2. Increased awareness 3. Fear, resistance to change 4. Overcoming fear 5. Committing to change 6. Experimenting with new conditions 7. Preparing for major change 9. Accepting consequences of new life 10. New challenge and rededication 11. Last-minute dangers 12. Mastery
  15. 15. The Heroine's Journey Maureen Murdock, author, and Jungian psychotherapist http://maureenmurdockblog.com
  16. 16. The Heroine's Journey 7. Initiation descent to the goddess 1. Separation from the feminine 2. Identification with the masculine 3. Gathering of allies 4. Road of trials 5. Finding the boon of success 6. Awakening to feelings of spiritual aridity; death 8. Urgent yearning to reconnect with the feminine 9. Healing the mother/ daughter split 10. Healing the wounded masculine 11. Integration of feminine & masculine
  17. 17. Christopher Vogler, Screenwriter: • Beowulf • The Spiderwick Chronicles • I am Legend • Hancock • 10,000 B.C. • Then She Found Me • The Wrestler
  18. 18. Examples
  19. 19. The Hunger Games 12. Mastery 3. Fear 8. Abyss
  20. 20. Wizard of Oz 1. Limited awareness of problem 7. Approach 11. Resurrection 5. Crossing the threshold
  21. 21. Star Wars Episode IV 10. The road back 4. Meeting the mentor
  22. 22. Star Wars Episodes I-VI AnikinLuke Ordinary world Ordinary world Special world Special world 9. Reward, seizing the sword 9. Reward, seizing the sword
  23. 23. The Hero’s Journey is not history The hero grows up as they progress through the story. The archetypes help or impede progress.
  24. 24. References ★ The Hero With a Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell • Man and his Symbols by Carl Jung • Finnegans_Wake by James Joyce ★ The Writer’s Journey by Christopher Vogler ✴Hero’s Journey summary by Christopher Vogler • Monomyth article at Wikipedia

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