He was born on December 27, 1871 in the village of
Father Nikolai Alexandrovich - the director of the
Voronezh agricultural machinery factory Alexander
From early childhood, started on makeshift wooden
skates with iron runners. Later, his mother brought
him back from Moscow a couple of these skates.
In 1882, her parents divorced, and Evgenia, taking
their son and his two sisters went to Saint
Petersburg. In St. Petersburg, Kolomenkin continued
his education skating. He often appeared on the rink
at the square Greek prospectus. Through the
influence of his stepfather gets a letter from the
chairman of the St. Petersburg Society of skating
Vyacheslav Sreznevsky, which paved the way to the
Yusupov garden. At this speed skating doing ice
skating, hockey and skating on Finnish sleigh.
Since 1893 - a student at St. Petersburg University
(Department of Science Physics and Mathematics
Department), graduated from the university in 1898.
In 1901, Nikolai Panin has applied to participate in the
All-Russian championship in the "art of skating." He
successfully completed all assignments, received a gold
medal and the title of the best Russian figure skater.
In 1903, in connection with the 200th anniversary of St.
Petersburg Committee of the International Skating Union
requested the St. Petersburg Society for skating
enthusiasts provestichempionat world.
Nikolai Panin had to compete with the best skaters of the
planet, among them - the world champion Swede Ulrich
Salchow, the former champion Gilbert Fuchs, a German,
Austrian champion Max Rich Man and German
champion Ernst Lassan. Ulrich Salchow won the first
place, and the second went to Nikolai Panin.
2 and 3 February 1908 in St. Petersburg, passed the
international figure skating competition at the Cup of
memory tragically killed Alexander Panshina. The
competition was attended by seven-time world champion
Swede Ulrich Salchow, the Germans Heinrich Burger
and Martin Gordan.
Nikolai Panin won - 344.4 points, Salchow - second,
At the Olympic Games in 1908 in London as Nikolai Panin compulsory and free skating
attended the seven-time world champion and six-time European champion Ulrich
Salchow, a two-time silver medalist of the World Championships, a silver and a bronze
medalist of Europe German Burger, bronze medalist of the World Championships and
European Swede Per Touraine , Irving Brokaw American, British Arthur Cumming and
John Hall may develop.
16 (28) October Nikolai Panin accurately and clearly met all the compulsory figures, but
he was awarded second place.
World champion William Salchow went into hysterics after the execution of each figure
Panin , the judges had to make him a warning . Judge H. Grenadier , who represented
Great Britain, was a Swede , Judge H. Hugel was a personal friend Salhova , so that
the two judges and the Swede Horley intentionally , as stated in some sources ,
understated assessment Panin . As a result, Panin (1147 points , the amount of seats 12) was behind Salhova ( 1,172.5 7) , but ahead of Touraine ( 1094 , 5) . [2 ] As a sign
of protest against the unjust , in his opinion , judging Panin withdrew from the
competition and not fulfilling any program .
17 ( 29), participants performed a special figure , William Salchow , understanding [2 ],
which in this form can not be beat Panin advance withdrew from the competition .
Panin introduced the judges are so complex drawings of figures that they did not
believe in the possibility of their performance on the ice. Now after their flawless
performance , with exceptional mathematical precision , struck the judges unanimously
gave Panin first place , holding a record in the history of compulsory figures of ( 219
points out of a possible 240 , ie 91.3 % of the maximum) , which allowed him to get the
gold Olympic medal (the other two winners in the form of a steel - Cumming and Hall ,
This ) .
Nikolai Panin took part in the Olympic Games in Stockholm in 1912 to compete in
pistol shooting . In the individual competition he finished eighth and fourth in
command , with him on the team were Shesterikov Gregory , Paul Voyloshnikov ,
Nicholas Mel'nitskii .
It was the first time for the Russian athletes participating in the Games , and the
second immediately in another sport. After the Olympics, Panin switched to
coaching , and later - on teaching.
1915-1917 - Secretary of the Russian Olympic Committee.
In 1919-1930 , he worked in financial institutions Petrograd ( Leningrad ), the
province and the region, has been an instructor in the sport organization of
universal education in the Children Selo.
1928 - winner of the All-Union contests in pistol shooting .
Since 1930 - Head of the seminar instructors in figure skating ( Leningrad).
Since 1933 - Head of School masters of figure skating at the Institute of Physical
Culture. PFLesgaft .
In 1936-1938 - Head of the Graduate School coaching figure skating at the Institute
of Physical Culture. PFLesgaft .
During World War II instructor training guerrilla fighters .
In February 1942 - evacuated from the siege of Leningrad.
In 1945 he returned to Leningrad and worked in the Research Institute of Physical
He has written several textbooks. For fundamental research achievements and
teaching activities Panin was awarded the title of assistant professor and PhD in
Education ( 1938).
History knows Nikolai Panin not only as a talented athlete , but also as an
outstanding coach and teacher. Among his students are champions of Russia and
the USSR : C. Ollo , K. Caesar , P. Chernyshev , P. Orlov, Alekseev , spouses
Panin died in 1956 in Leningrad, and is buried in the cemetery of St. Seraphim .
From 1957 to 1987, in Leningrad tournament held annually "Memorial N.
Panin ." As the first prize was given to a large porcelain vase ( about a
meter high ) which were engraved the names of all the winners of this
competition. In 2007 , the Federation of figure skating in St. Petersburg
revived the tournament . In 2008, the tournament became international .
In 2008 , in connection with the 100th anniversary of the conquest of the
first Olympic medal for the Russian figure skater Panin Nicholas
Alexandrovich , Russian Figure Skating Federation has established a
medal . The medal is awarded by the decision of the Executive
Committee of the Federation to athletes, coaches , judges and activists
for his long and outstanding contribution to the improvement of the sports
authority of the Russian figure skating.
December 3, 2008 in the main hall of the Academy of Sports Complex
Ice Skating in St. Petersburg was opened bust Nikolai Panin . President
of the Federation of figure skating in St. Petersburg Oleg Nilov also said
that soon the name of Nicholas II will be assigned to the Academy itself .
February 15, 2009 the name of Nicholas II for his outstanding
achievements have been made in the Hall of Fame World figure skating
(English World Figure Skating Hall of Fame) [ 7]. Award N. Panin was
transferred at the World Championships in 2009 in Los Angeles (USA )
for storage in a museum in St. Petersburg .
Panin Kolomenkin people can be proud of not only the
Voronezh region, but the whole of Russia!