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Australia's presentatoin

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Australia's presentatoin

  1. 1. The Commonwealth of Australia Lecturer: Kob Isa Group Member’s Name: Ekchan ProsPov Ea Vatana Heang Chan Borey Ean Socheata ChaoChan Thavy សកលវ ិទ្យាល័យកម្ព ុជាអន្តរជាតិ CAMBODIAN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY 25 June 2014
  2. 2. Content • Introduction • Etymology • History • States and territories • Geography and Climate • Environment • Economy • Demographics • Culture
  3. 3. Australia Population- 23,110,916 Area- 7,692,024 km2 Prime Minister – Kevin Rudd Language- English
  4. 4. Introduction • Officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and many smaller islands. • It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. • It’s an Island, surrounded by water • It’s the smallest continent in the world.
  5. 5. The Australian Flag Union Flag 6th British colony. Southern cross symbolizes the constellation. The Commonwealth 7 pointed star represents the 7 territories.
  6. 6. The Coat of Arms
  7. 7. Etymology The name Australia is derived from the Latin australis, meaning "southern" The name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who pushed for it to be formally adopted as early as 1804. When preparing his manuscript and charts for his 1814 A Voyage to Terra Australis.
  8. 8. Etymology • European landfall on the Australian continent were attributed to the Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon. • Governor Lachlan Macquarie of New South Wales subsequently used the word in his dispatches to England, and in 1817 recommended that it be officially adopted. • In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known officially as "Australia".
  9. 9. History of Australia Discovered by the Dutch in the early 1600’s. But it was Englishman James Cook who claimed Australia for Britain in 1770. Britain 1st used the country as a penal colony and a total of 160,000 people came to Australia as convicts. Britain sent prisoners and criminals to Australia.
  10. 10. History of Australia Finally in 1901 that the whole of Australia came under 1 constitution.
  11. 11. History of Australia The British Crown Colony of New South Wales started with the establishment of a settlement at Port Jackson by Captain Arthur Phillip on 26 January 1788. This date was later to become Australia's national day, Australia Day.
  12. 12. History of Australia
  13. 13. History of Australia • The first human habitation of Australia is estimated to have occurred between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. • These first Australians were the ancestors of the current Indigenous Australians; they arrived via land bridges and short sea-crossings from present-day South-East Asia. The first human habitation of Australia is estimated to have occurred between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. These first Australians were the ancestors of the current Indigenous Australians; they arrived via land bridges and short sea- crossings from present-day South-East Asia.
  14. 14. Australian Aborigines: People scattered across the continent living as hunters and gatherers. 300 clans, 250 languages and 700 dialects. All share the belief of Dreamtime. Native Australians. The Aborigines have lived in Australia for over 40,000 years. Now they only represent 1% of the population. The total population of Australia is 22 million.
  15. 15. Government of Australia Government of Australia Parliament House, Canberra was opened in 1988, replacing the provisional Parliament House building opened in 1927. • Australia is a constitutional monarchy with a federal division of powers. • Australia has a federal parliamentary democracy.
  16. 16. Political Issues • Since the 1 January 1901, the six old colonies came under one federation, and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. There are three branches in the government: • The legislature: • The executive: • The judiciary: The capital city is Canberra, located in the Australian Capital Territory.
  17. 17. Political Issues • There are three major political parties: • The Australian Labor Party • The Liberal Party • The National Party.
  18. 18. Government • Queen Elizabeth II (England) is the head of state. • She does not run the country, but she signs laws, approves elections, and is commander-in-chief of the military. • The prime minister recommends someone to represent the Queen in Australia—the governor- general. • The prime minister is the head of the government & has the most political power. • leader of the political party with the most members in the Commonwealth Parliament
  19. 19. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
  20. 20. Tony Abbott the Prime Minister of Australia
  21. 21. States and territories of Australia Australia is composed of 6 States and 2 Territories: the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Canberra 6 States: New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria(VIC) and Western Australia (WA) 2 major mainland territories: The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT).
  22. 22. States and territories of Australia Where are the majority of important cities in Australia?
  23. 23. Cities The capital city is Canberra. The biggest city is Sydney, where there is the famous Sydney Opera House.
  24. 24. Other Important Cities Melbourne Adelaide
  25. 25. Other Important Cities Brisbane Perth
  26. 26. Foreign Relations and Military • Australia‘s foreign relations driven by close associations with the UNITED – STATES • Australia has a strong desire to develop relationships with Asia and the Pacific • Australia is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Australia has pursued the cause of international trade liberation. Australia is a founding member of the United Nations and maintains an international aid programme under which 60 countries receive assistance.
  27. 27. Geography and Climate • Australia's landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometers (2,941,300 sq. mi) is on the Ondo-Australian Plate. • Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. • The world's smallest continent and sixth largest country by total area. • It’s sometimes considered the world’s largest island. • Excluding Macquarie, Australia lies between latitudes 9° and 44°S, and longitudes 112° and 154°E.
  28. 28. Geography and Climate • Australia’s size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with tropical rainforests in the north-east, mountain ranges in the south-east, south-west and east, and dry desert in the centre. • It is the flattest continent, with the oldest and least fertile soils; desert or semi-arid land commonly known as the outback makes up by far the largest portion of land.
  29. 29. tropical rainforests tropical rainforests
  30. 30. The middle part of the country is called the outback. The outback does not get very much rain and is very dry. Not very many people live in the outback. The middle part of the country is called the outback. The outback does not get very much rain and is very dry. Not very many people live in the outback.
  31. 31. There are not many schools in the outback. Children who live on stations and can not get to school use a two way radio to hear their teachers' lessons
  32. 32. Ayers Rock or Uluru Kangaroos in the Outback
  33. 33. The Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef, lies a short distance off the north-east coast and extends for over 2,000 kilometres (1,240 mi). It is made up of coral and algae. Coral are tiny invertebrate animals. It is also the world's largest living structure.
  34. 34. Geography and Climate Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere. •Because it is south of the equator, the seasons in Australia are the opposite of those in Europe: it’s winter in Australia when it’s summer in Europe. LOCATION
  35. 35. Environment of Australia • Although most of Australia is semi-arid or desert, it includes a diverse range of habitats from alpine heaths to tropical rainforests, and is recognized as a mega diverse country. • Because of the continent's great age, extremely variable weather patterns, and long-term geographic isolation, much of Australia's biota is unique and diverse.
  36. 36. Environment of Australia The koala and the eucalyptus form an iconic Australian pair Approximately 85% of flowering plants, 84% of mammals, more than 45% of birds, and 89% of in-shore, temperate- zone fish are endemic. Australia has the greatest number of reptiles of any country, with 755 species. Australian forests are mostly made up of evergreen species, particularly eucalyptus trees in the less arid regions, wattles replace them in drier regions and deserts as the most dominant species.
  37. 37. TYPICAL ANIMALS Koala Kangaroo Sugar glider
  38. 38. Dingo Platypus Tasmanian devil Possum Wombat
  39. 39. SOME AUSTRALIAN SYMBOLS
  40. 40. Kangaroo Echidna Reptiles
  41. 41. Economy of Australia • Australia is a wealthy country with a market economy, a relatively high GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty. • Australia is the thirteenth largest economy in the world.
  42. 42. CURRENCY The currency is the Australian dollar.
  43. 43. Resources • Australia is rich in mineral resources, notably bauxite, coal, diamonds, gold, iron ore, mineral sands, natural gas, nickel, petroleum, and uranium. Readily cultivable farmland is at a premium because much of the land is desert. Iron ore
  44. 44. Demographics - Language • Language- Australian English • The next most common languages spoken at home are Mandarin (1.7%),Italian (1.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Cantonese (1.3%), Greek (1.3%), and Vietnamese (1.2%)…. • Australia has a sign language known as Auslan, which is the main language of about 5,500 deaf people.
  45. 45. Religion • Religion: Religion is freedom of choic 61.1% Christian - 25.3% Roman Catholic 17.1 %Anglican 22.3 % No Religion- (humanism, atheism, agnosticism and rationalism) 7.2 %Non-Christian religions- 2.5% Buddhist 2.2% Islam 1.3% Hinduism 0.5% Judaism The remaining 9.4% did not report.
  46. 46. Education and Health Care -School is Compulsory from ages 5-16 years old. -16-17 required to attend school or participate in some kind of vocational training. -TAFE -Australia is among one of the most expensive places to attend University. -Australia has the fourth highest life expectancy in the world after Iceland, Japan and Hong Kong. Life expectancy in Australia in 2010 was 79.5 years for males and 84.0 years for females. Medicare
  47. 47. Culture - Australian Arts A digerido A boomerang
  48. 48. Australian Arts
  49. 49. Some Famous Australians
  50. 50. Australian Arts • Australian visual arts are thought to have begun with the cave paintings, rock engravings and body painting of its Indigenous peoples.
  51. 51. The cave paintings in Australia
  52. 52. Cuisine
  53. 53. Sport • Sports are a very big part of Australian Culture. cricket Tennis surfing cricket Australian Football Rugby
  54. 54. References • http://www.slideshare.net/search/slideshow?searchfrom=header &q=Austrulia • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia • https://www.google.com.kh/search?q=Australia&tbm=isch&tbo=u &source=univ&sa=X&ei=EwCpU_C2F8yB8gWKx4HAAQ&ved=0CDkQs AQ&biw=1366&bih=681
  55. 55. Reference Thanks For Paying Attention
  56. 56. Slide Design by Ekchan ProsPov Date: 24 June 2014

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