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The Value of Newspapers in Research: Newspapers Citations Analysis, August 2018

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This SlideShare offers data and highlights from a August 2018 report conducted in partnership between ProQuest and the Oxford Internet Institute. Eric T. Meyer, currently the Dean of the School of Information at University of Texas, Austin,and formerly a Professor of Social Informatics and Director of Graduate Studies at Oxford Internet Institute, conducted the data collection and analysis. Four newspaper titles were selected for evaluation and analysis in this report: The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal,The Washington Post, and The Guardian. Scopus was used as the source for the data examined. The objective of this study was to better understand the importance of newspapers in scholarly articles and identify trends across newspaper titles and subject disciplines. This study examines the frequency of newspaper citations in scholarly journal articles and also reveals the disciplines in which scholars most often use newspapers as a source for academic research.

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The Value of Newspapers in Research: Newspapers Citations Analysis, August 2018

  1. 1. The Value of Newspapers in Research August 2018 Newspapers Citations Analysis
  2. 2. In This Presentation 2 The Scholarly Impacts of Newspapers Study Overview Key Outcomes Comparative Charts In Summary
  3. 3. Eric T. Meyer is the Dean of the School of Information at University of Texas-Austin and formerly Professor of Social Informatics and Director of Graduate Studies at the University of Oxford. His research looks at the changing nature of knowledge creation in science, medicine, social science, arts, and humanities as technology is embedded in everyday practices. The Scholarly Impacts of Newspapers 3 • Data collection, analysis, and report conducted by Eric T. Meyer, Dean, School of Information, University of Texas-Austin • Data source: Scopus, analysed by the author • Full study: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3194632 • Summary Highlights brochure Objective: To better understand the importance of newspapers in scholarly articles and identify trends across newspaper titles and subject disciplines Scope: Evaluate and analyze citations of the following newspaper titles in scholarly journal articles that were published from 2000-2017:
  4. 4. The Scholarly Impacts of Newspapers: Key Outcomes 4 Source: “The Scholarly Impacts of Newspapers”, Eric T. Meyer, University of Oxford, 2018 1 2 3 4 The use of newspapers sources in research is growing For each of the newspapers analysed, uses spanned disciplines; from social sciences and arts & humanities to business, economics and finance, and psychology and health sciences Across academic disciplines, each newspaper also shows distinctive patterns and broader use than might be immediately guessed These newspaper titles have global reach. The location of the newspaper in relation to the institution of the author citing the title influences its use, however global usage is growing Newspapers are – and will continue to be – an important resource for academic authors now and into the future.
  5. 5. Outcome 1: The use of news sources in academic research is growing The Value of News in Research 5 Source: “The Scholarly Impacts of Newspapers”, Eric T. Meyer, University of Oxford, 2018 Note: 2017 excluded due to partial data still being updated at source showing misleading drop. Peak years for each source labelled with count of publications referencing source. 14320 6558 4700 3841 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 Publications Referencing Newspapers Total Publications Referencing Newspaper Sources by Year of Publication (1981-2016) New York Times, n=172409 The Guardian, n=51079 Wall Street Journal, n=63086 Washington Post, n=50613 Source of newspaper access not evaluated as part of this study The slight dip in recent years may be due to the introduction of paywalls It is important for libraries to provide their researchers with access to many news sources Data Source: Scopus Index
  6. 6. Outcome 2: Use spans disciplines. The Value of News in Research 6 Rank 1 Social Sciences 3,229,141 2 Arts & Humanities 1,660,377 3 Economics, Econometrics and Finance 691,481 4 Business, Management and Accounting 1,080,391 5 Psychology 872,023 Subject Area Total Publications in Scopus 182,386 79,287 30,882 42,988 14,341 Publications Citing Newspapers 5.7 4.8 4.5 4.0 1.6 % of Publications in Scopus Citing Newspapers Top 5 disciplines citing newspapers. 2000-2017
  7. 7. Outcome 2: Graphs show concentration of citations use across multiple disciplines Impacts of Newspapers across Academic Disciplines, 2000-2017 7 Business, Management and Accounting/Economics/Finance Computer Science Mathematics Energy/Environmental Science/Chemistry Arts & Humanities/Social Sciences Earth and Planetary Sciences Agricultural and Biological Sciences Medicine, Neuroscience, Biochemistry, Pharma Health Professions/Nursing Psychology Scopus data visualized with VosViewer, using overlay data as described in Leydesdorff, Moya-Anegón, and Guerrero-Bote (2015). Source: “The Scholarly Impacts of Newspapers”, Eric T. Meyer, University of Oxford, 2018
  8. 8. Outcome 3: Each newspaper shows distinctive use patterns and some unexpected results Impacts of Newspapers across Academic Disciplines, 2000-2017 8 Of note: strong coverage in Arts & Humanities, Social Sciences subject areas with focus on politics and policy Source: “The Scholarly Impacts of Newspapers”, Eric T. Meyer, University of Oxford, 2018 Of note: The New York Times is cited across all academic disciplines in Scopus. Of note: Cited across disciplines, with particularly strong coverage in Medicine and Health subject areas Of note: strong coverage in Business, Econometrics, Economy subject area
  9. 9. Outcome 3: Distinctive use patterns by newspaper title Top 20 Journals Citing Newspapers, 2000-2017 9 Publication Source N Pubs Total Max Times Cited Average Citations Per Pub Journal of Business Ethics Survival Washington Quarterly PLoS ONE Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 540 319 237 207 207 12,815 2,930 2,858 4,135 2,198 23.7 9.2 12.1 20.0 10.6 Third World Quarterly American Behavioral Scientist American Journal of Public Health First Monday Asian Survey 202 181 172 167 161 2,881 3,271 7,095 2,300 1,723 14.3 18.1 41.3 13.8 10.7 Management Service Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly Journalism Studies Health Affairs Diplomatic History 160 155 154 152 147 10,740 2,315 2,128 6,146 1,378 67.1 14.9 13.8 40.4 9.4 Journal of Contemporary China Eurasian Geography and Economics American Journalism Annals of the American Acad of Poli and Social Science New Media and Society 143 139 137 134 127 1,543 2,129 170 2,277 3,340 10.8 15.3 1.2 17.0 26.3 Sources with 100-126 publications Sources with 2-99 publications Sources with 1 publication 2,777 68,412 3,522 42,113 1,002,637 35,632 15.1 13.0 15.2 Total 78,552 1,154,754 13.6 Publication Source N Pubs Total Max Times Cited Average Citations Per Pub Journal of Business Ethics Management Science Business Horizons Survival Health Affairs 287 187 146 144 138 8,094 11,023 2,257 1,162 5,609 28.2 58.9 15.5 8.1 40.6 Washington Quarterly Accounting Review European Journal of Operational Research Journal of Marketing Contemporary Accounting Research 128 111 101 101 100 1,277 6,119 3,347 10,511 2,685 10.0 55.1 33.1 104.1 26.9 Journal of Contemporary China Cato Journal Marketing Science Journal of Accounting Research Accounting Horizons 94 89 83 81 78 1,099 409 3,413 4,381 3,925 11.7 4.6 41.1 54.1 50.3 Auditing Journal of Marketing Research Asian Survey Journal of Financial Economics Journal of Banking and Finance 76 76 76 76 74 3,439 6,922 716 5,713 1,436 45.3 91.1 9.4 75.2 19.4 Sources with 2-73 publications Sources with 1 publications 25,217 2,675 449,878 25,661 14.0 14.2 Total 30,138 559,076 14.2 Publication Source N Pubs Total Max Times Cited Average Citations Per Pub PLoS ONE Environment and Planning A Studies in Conflict and Terrorism Urban Studies Journal of Business Ethics 125 98 92 86 79 2,084 2,781 721 4,119 2,035 16.7 28.4 7.8 47.9 25.8 Critical Social Policy Middle East Quarterly Critical Studies on Terrorism Environment and Planning D: Society and Space Media, Culture and Society 70 68 67 66 62 1, 641 167 498 2, 798 873 23.4 2.5 7.4 42.4 14.1 Journalism Sociology Sociological Research Online Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers Journalism Studies 61 61 61 59 59 780 1,984 765 3,179 908 12.8 32.5 12.5 53.9 15.4 Oncogene International Journal of Human Rig Security Dialogue Review of International Studies British Journal of Criminology 58 58 57 55 55 3,242 196 1,474 1,267 1, 414 55.9 3.4 25.9 23.0 25.7 Sources with 2-54 publications Sources with 1 publications 23,738 3,149 276,055 27,596 11.3 13.3 Total 28,284 336,577 12.0 Publication Source N Pubs Total Max Times Cited Average Citations Per Pub Survival Washington Quarterly Studies in Conflict and Third World Quarterly American Behavioral Scientist 216 187 143 98 96 2,229 2,355 1,430 1,825 1,239 10.3 12.6 10.0 18.6 12.9 Middle East Quarterly Asian Survey International Security Security Studies Journal of Strategic Studies 85 84 84 80 79 183 1,050 4,142 1,370 730 2.2 12.5 49.3 17.1 9.2 Terrorism and Political Violence Journal of Contemporary China Nonproliferation Review Political Science Quarterly International J of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 79 78 77 77 76 1,277 959 327 541 177 16.2 12.3 4.2 7.0 2.3 RUSI Journal Public Administration Review Middle East Policy Political Research Quarterly Middle East Journal 75 75 71 69 67 142 1,319 283 608 696 1.9 17.6 4.0 8.8 10.4 Sources with 2-66 publications Sources with 1 publications 18,092 2,411 252,298 24,849 13.8 15.0 Total 22,399 300,029 14.3 The average citations per article highlight the extended impact of newspapers in scholarly articles
  10. 10. Outcome 4: Global Use Increasing Researchers Across the Globe are Citing Newspapers 10 United States United Kingdom Canada Australia Germany South Africa Singapore Israel Hong Kong New Zealand China India Japan France ItalySpain Netherlands Switzerland Sweden Norway Denmark Belgium Poland Turkey Portugal Czech Republic Brazil Russia Federation TaiwanSaudi Arabia Country of author map representing newspapers citations use 2013-2017 High use: countries publish in relatively high volume Low use: lower than expected volume based on overall volume of publications *Countries in gray did not fall in High or Low Use categories, but citations use was present.
  11. 11. Key Takeaways The Value of News in Research 11 1 Academic scholars are using newspaper sources in their research and that use continues to grow 2 Scholarly journal articles citing newspapers span multiple academic disciplines 3 Geography influences use, however that is changing and global reach of the four titles is growing
  12. 12. In Summary The Value of News in Research 12 News resources are important to academic authors! Use in research is growing • By discipline • By geography Providing access to a variety of critical news sources is essential for your scholars publishing in these subject disciplines and journals ProQuest offers access to the most-requested key titles (from historical to today), providing content and context, breadth and depth all on one platform, all in one place with tools that enrich research. 1 2 3 4
  13. 13. Thank you for accessing this SlideShare presentation from ProQuest Read the summary highlights and download the study for the full details. Access our Summary Highlights Paper Read the Abstract and Full Study

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