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Preserving Technology Through Stories

USC Shoah Foundation Visual History Archive

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Preserving Technology Through Stories

  1. 1. Sam Gustman Chief Technology Officer and Associate Dean USC Shoah Foundation and USC Libraries sgustman@usc.edu http://sfi.usc.edu ALA Presentation
  2. 2. 3 Audio-Visual Testimonies 62 countries 41 languages 2,000 interviewers 1,000 videographers 70 regional staff 54,369 video testimonies 115,589 hours = 7.5M clips 64,826 Indexing terms 1.86M people 48,941 locations 718,940 images 7 years of manual indexing
  3. 3. 3 Testimonies by Event and Experience European Holocaust, 1939-1945 53,904 Jewish Survivors 51,311 Rescuer and Aid Providers 1,158 Liberators and Liberation Witnesses 429 Sinti and Roma Survivors 406 Political Prisoners 268 Miscellaneous (World War II) 153 Jehovah’s Witness Survivors 84 War Crimes Trial Participants 62 Non-Jewish Forced Laborers 14 Eugenics Policies Survivors 13 Homosexual Survivors 6 Guatemalan Genocide, 1978-1996 10 Guatemalan Genocide Survivors 10 Nanjing Massacre, 1937-1938 30 Nanjing Massacre Survivors 30 Armenian Genocide, 1915-1923 334 Armenian Survivors 237 Miscellaneous 39 Descendants 20 Scholars 18 Foreign Witnesses 7 Rescuer and Aid Providers 7 Yezidi Survivors 6 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, 86 1994 Tutsi Survivors 67 Rescuer and Aid Providers 13 Elders 4 Hutu Power Opponents 1 Victim’s Spouses 1 Cambodian Genocide, 1975-1979 5 Cambodian Genocide Survivors 5
  4. 4. 4 Testimonies by Organization USC Shoah Foundation 51,490 Armenian Film Foundation 333 Florida Holocaust Museum 25 Fundación de Antropologia Forense de Guatemala 9 Holocaust Memorial Center Zekelman 25 Family Campus Holocaust Museum Houston 273 Kigali Genocide Memorial 70 JFCS Holocaust Center 912 Canadian Organizations 1,232 Alex Dworkin Canadian Jewish Archives 64 Calgary Jewish Federation 10 Concordia University Centre for Oral History 30 Freeman Family Foundation 52 Jewish Archives of Edmonton & N. Alberta 15 Living Testimonies, McGill University 103 Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre 549 Neuberger Holocaust Education Centre 406 Ottawa Jewish Archives 3
  5. 5. 5 Testimonies by Interview Language Arabic 15 Armenian 158 Bulgarian 624 Croatian 393 Czech 560 Danish 67 Dutch 1,076 English 27,213 Flemish 5 French 1,905 German 924 Greek 318 Hebrew 6,280 Hungarian 1,348 Italian 433 Japanese 1 Khmer 2 Kinyarwanda 75 Kurdish 3 Ladino 9 Latvian 1 Lithuanian 46 Macedonian 9 Mandarin 30 Norwegian 34 Polish 1,515 Portuguese 560 Romani 24 Romanian 130 Russian 7,137 Serbian 384 Sign 5 Slovak 561 Slovenian 6 Spanish 1,362 Swedish 264 Turkish 14 Ukrainian 304 Yiddish 574
  6. 6. 6 Argentina 731 Armenia 14 Australia 2,495 Austria 189 Belarus 246 Belgium 203 Bolivia 23 Bosnia & Herzegovina 55 Brazil 564 Bulgaria 628 Canada 4,076 Chile 65 China 30 Colombia 15 Costa Rica 19 Croatia 327 Czech Republic 563 Denmark 94 Ecuador 9 Estonia 9 Finland 1 France 1,658 Georgia 6 Germany 672 Greece 324 Guatemala 9 Hungary 790 Ireland 4 Israel 8,459 Italy 418 Japan 1 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia 79 Lithuania 137 Macedonia 9 Mexico 111 Moldova 284 The Netherlands 1,046 New Zealand 53 Norway 34 Peru 2 Poland 1,382 Portugal 2 Romania 147 Russia 675 Rwanda 73 Slovakia 657 Slovenia 11 South Africa 250 Spain 7 Sweden 325 Switzerland 69 Syria 30 Ukraine 3,427 United Kingdom 871 United States 21,251 Uruguay 124 Uzbekistan 25 Venezuela 227 Yugoslavia 346 Zimbabwe 8 Testimonies by Interview Country
  7. 7.  Index terms structured in a thesaurus and include over 62,000 terms in compliance with NISO Z39.19 standard.  Cataloguing provides biographical information for testimony level access:  Interviewee’s names  DOB/POB  Experience information  Religious affiliations  Language of interview  Place of interview  Date of interview  Video indexing provides access to each minute of video as if it was a web page using index terms:  Geographic locations  Types of places (camps, prisons, ghettos, etc.)  Dates  Years  Historic events  People  Organizations  Experiences (pre-, during, and post-WWII)  Psychological responses  Movements/Migrations Cataloguing/Indexing  Information can be converted into XML or MARC formats. 7
  8. 8. 8  Automatic mass digitization systems can process 100,000 tapes per year.  Digital files made for each tape:  MJPEG2000  MPEG-2  Flash  Windows Media  Quicktime  MPEG-1  (many other formats supported)  Quality assurance systems for all content Digitization
  9. 9. Houston Holocaust Museum Umatic Houston Holocaust Museum Beta SP
  10. 10. Digital Preservation  5 Petabyte database  SHA-1 based fixity for all files  Automatic media retirement based on age  Mirroring of all content in multiple locations around the world. 10
  11. 11. Channels of Access to Testimony Featured clips, educational content, whole testimony; to browse, download & use USCSF Website Limited search and browse; 96 full-length testimonies, 30 clips & 163 related videos YouTube Visual History Archive Watch and search within 54,000 Institute testimonies IWitness 1,200+ video testimonies, multimedia activities & resources for teaching purposes iTunes U Downloadable podcasts of clips & featured interviews VHA Online 1600 viewable testimonies , plus all 54,000 testimonies metadata 11
  12. 12. 12 ScholarlyAccess – Visual HistoryArchive vha.usc.edu Watch and search within 54,000 Institute testimonies. Available at 58 institutions worldwide (so far).
  13. 13. Visual History Archive Sites 13 2003 University of Southern California 2005 University of Michigan 2006 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Freie Universität Berlin, Germany 2007 University of Minnesota Monash University, Australia Duke University United States Holocaust Memorial Museum University of California, San Diego 2008 Columbia University Syracuse University Brown University University of South Florida Yad Vashem, Israel Technische Universität Berlin, Zentrum für Antisemitismusforschung, Germany 2009 Texas A&M University Stanford University Central European University, Hungary Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic Clark University University of North Carolina at Greensboro 2010 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey University of Minnesota Duluth Jewish Holocaust Centre, Australia Universität Salzburg, Austria New York University 2011 Northwestern University Royal Holloway, University of London, United Kingdom Prague Jewish Museum, Czech Republic McMaster University, Canada Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece University of Athens, Greece 2012 University of Pennsylvania History Meeting House, Poland University of Haifa, Israel University of Michigan Flint University of Michigan Dearborn L.A. Museum of the Holocaust Stiftung Topographie des Terror, Germany 2013 University of Nebraska at Omaha Instituto Centrale per I Beni Sonori ed Audiovisivi, Italy University of Toronto, Canada University of Ottawa, Canada Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Poland EötvöLTE University, Hungary Drexel University University of Vienna, Austria 2014 Dartmouth College The University of Texas at Dallas École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, France 2015 Indiana University 2016 American University of Paris, France Cornell University Michigan State University University of Melbourne, Australia Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand Chapman University Montreal Holocaust Museum and Jewish Public Library, Canada Alex Dworkin Canadian Jewish Archives, Canada Calgary Jewish Federation, Canada Concordia University Centre for Oral History and Digital Storytelling, Canada Freeman Family Foundation Holocaust Education Centre, Canada Jewish Archives and Historical Society of Edmonton and Northern Alberta, Canada McGill University Oral History Centre, Canada Ottawa Jewish Archives, Canada Sarah and Chaim Neuberger Holocaust Education Centre, Canada University of Denver Georgetown University Australian Catholic University, Australia Princeton University 2016 (cont’d) Ferris State University Keene State College Stockton University Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Germany La Trobe University, Australia 2017 Museum of Jewish Heritage Nova Southeastern University Centennial College, Canada University of Alberta, Canada University of Kent, United Kingdom Appalachian State University University of Tennessee 2003 – 2017: 82 Sites (byYear of InitialAccess)
  14. 14. VHA Transcripts • All testimonies within the VHA will be transcribed over the coming years • 900 German transcriptions are currently available • The first batch of English transcriptions are targeted to go live in November • Functionality includes: • Auto scroll • Search • Reader pane size and placement options • Print
  15. 15. IWitness 15 IWitness iwitness.usc.edu Testimony, Education, and the Internet for 21st Century Learners Provides students ages 13-18 and their teachers with a searchable collection of more than 1,000 video testimonies of Holocaust survivors and other witnesses from the Institute’s archive. Kaltura.com and WeVideo based system. 2300+ teachers and 6100+ students signed up to date. 109 Activities authored by teachers.
  16. 16. Pinchas Gutter March 2014 • 50 cameras arranged to record 3D • Filmed for 7 days, 5-6 hours each day • Over 1,000 questions asked • In total, 1,500 responses captured Pilot Interview
  17. 17. • Multi-tenant and Private I. Digitization II. Cataloging III. Digital preservation (currently 50+ Petabytes) IV. Digital Library access V. File-server services for large assets Vision: If Google is where you go to search for data, USC is where you go to preserve, curate and research the data.
  18. 18. Guide to Fulfilling NSF’s Data Management Plan (DMP) Requirements https://research.usc.edu/files/2011/05/NSF_Data_Mgmt_rev_AG.doc “The USC Digital Repository (USCDR) provides fee-based consulting and services to help USC researchers meet NSF requirements. Services include digitization, cataloging, preservation, archiving, and online access. Consulting is also available to help researchers determine appropriate web hosting and web design solutions. USCDR is a center that is jointly operated by the USC Libraries, the USC Shoah Foundation Institute (SFI), and USC's Information Technology Services (ITS) division. As such, USCDR is able to offer researchers access to the professional expertise and technological infrastructure of the SFI, Libraries, and ITS.”

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