Balancing harms and benefits
of alcohol.
[Updated December 2014]
21/12/20141 http://twitter.com/pronutritionist
Reijo Laat...
Meta-analyses: Alcohol is linked to
improved cardiovascular health
• Alcohol improves HDL-cholesterol by
circa 0.1 mmol/L
...
Benefit Harm
Danaei, G., Ding, E. L., Mozaffarian, D., Taylor, B., Rehm, J., Murray, C. J., & Ezzati, M. (2009). The preve...
4
The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington: Global
Burden of Disease. Visualizations:
htt...
Summary
• Alcohol is linked to improved survival from cardiovascular
causes (Ronksley et al. 2011, meta-analysis on 84
coh...
Balancing harms and benefits of
alcohol.
21/12/20146
http://twitter.com/pronutritionist
Reijo Laatikainen, Authorized Nutr...
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Alcohol benefits and harms

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This presentation shows how alcohol is linked to improved cardiovascular health but also causes increase in cancer and other cause deaths of equal magnitude

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Alcohol benefits and harms

  1. 1. Balancing harms and benefits of alcohol. [Updated December 2014] 21/12/20141 http://twitter.com/pronutritionist Reijo Laatikainen, Authorized Nutritionist, MBA http://twitter.com/pronutritionist http://www.facebook.com/pronutritionist
  2. 2. Meta-analyses: Alcohol is linked to improved cardiovascular health • Alcohol improves HDL-cholesterol by circa 0.1 mmol/L • Alcohol also improves fibrinogen levels 0.2 mg/L • Alcohol increases apolipoprotein A1 by 0.1 g/L __________________________________ • Alcohol decreases cardiovascular deaths by 25 % • Alcohol decreases all cause deaths • Best effect is reached at a daily intake of 1-2 alcohol drinks 21.12.2014Headline2 Brien et al. Meta-analysis of 44 intervention trials. BMJ 2011; 342:d636 __________________________________ Ronksley et al. Meta-analysis of 84 cohort trials. BMJ 2011; 342:d671
  3. 3. Benefit Harm Danaei, G., Ding, E. L., Mozaffarian, D., Taylor, B., Rehm, J., Murray, C. J., & Ezzati, M. (2009). The preventable causes of death in the united states: Comparative risk assessment of dietary, lifestyle, and metabolic risk factors. Plos Medicine, 6(4), e1000058. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000058 (Open access article) Balance between cardiovascular and cancer plus other mortality
  4. 4. 4 The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington: Global Burden of Disease. Visualizations: http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/gbd/country-profiles CVD Cancer Balance between cardiovascular, cancer and other morbidity
  5. 5. Summary • Alcohol is linked to improved survival from cardiovascular causes (Ronksley et al. 2011, meta-analysis on 84 cohort studies, BMJ) • Alcohol concumption is linked to improvement of HDL- cholesterol by circa 0,1 mmol/l (Brien et al. 2011, meta- analysis on 44 intervention studies, BMJ) • However, cardiovascular benefits should be reflected against potential harms such cancer, injuries, liver, pancreatic, mental diseases and social burden • With current consumption figures in USA and in Finland, the harms seem to outweigh benefits in terms of deaths (Danaei et al. 2009, IHME register 2013) 21.12.20145
  6. 6. Balancing harms and benefits of alcohol. 21/12/20146 http://twitter.com/pronutritionist Reijo Laatikainen, Authorized Nutritionist, MBA http://twitter.com/pronutritionist http://www.facebook.com/pronutritionist

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