A Brief Introduction To K 12 Schooling


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A guide to K-12 Public Schooling for Latin American Students

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A Brief Introduction To K 12 Schooling

  1. 1. A Brief Introduction to K-12 Public Schooling in the USA
  2. 2. There are three levels of schooling: <ul><li>Elementary: K-5 or K-6 (ages 5-11) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School or Junior High Grades 6-8 or 7and 8 (ages 11-14) </li></ul><ul><li>High School grades 9-12 (ages 14-18) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Graduations <ul><li>People graduate from: </li></ul><ul><li>Kindergarten </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>Middle/Junior High School </li></ul><ul><li>High School </li></ul><ul><li>Graduation Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Many people receive flowers and cards after graduation (normally High School) </li></ul><ul><li>Usually there are parties after graduation (from Middle or High School) </li></ul><ul><li>People can buy special graduation photographs (Middle & High School) </li></ul><ul><li>People buy Year Books that cover all the years (Middle & High School) </li></ul><ul><li>People sign those year books </li></ul><ul><li>People usually go out to dinner or lunch if they don’t have a party </li></ul><ul><li>People often receive graduation gifts or gift cards </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremonies last about two hours </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Few General Characteristics <ul><li>Supplies: -The student does not buy required text books </li></ul><ul><li>-If the student loses a text book, he/she may not receive a diploma when it’s time to graduate </li></ul><ul><li>-Around the beginning of the school year school supplies are very inexpensive (school supplies are one of the few things that are cheaper in comparison to Latin American countries) </li></ul><ul><li>Extra Curricular Activities: - In Middle and High school there are extra activities that can be selected as electives during school time and extra activities after school </li></ul><ul><li>There are a great range of activities. After School one can choose: cheerleading, sports (must pay), drama club, cultural/language clubs, debate clubs, chess etc </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment: -If a student continually doesn’t do homework this can result in going to the principle's office </li></ul><ul><li>-Principle’s office doesn’t usually happen in high school. The student usually gets detention, detention happens in all levels (the person stays after school doing nothing or boring work) </li></ul><ul><li>- Students who commit serious offenses (subjective) get suspended; they are permanently prohibited from returning to their school (they must find a new school to attend) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Elementary school <ul><li>-Students stay in the same classroom all day, sometimes during the last year they have a class or two with a different teacher to prepare them for middle school, high school, and college </li></ul><ul><li>-They do leave class for classes like art, music, and physical education </li></ul><ul><li>-They usually have physical education (phys ed., gym) twice a week </li></ul><ul><li>-Students only study English grammar until about the third grade </li></ul><ul><li>-Students have recess; a time here they play in the playground </li></ul><ul><li>-Students can buy or bring their own lunch (in all levels of schooling) </li></ul><ul><li>-In all levels (middle and high school too) there is a teacher lounge, for teachers to eat lunch and have personal time </li></ul><ul><li>-Usually there is a no gum rule and a no hat rule for many elementary school </li></ul>
  6. 6. Middle School/(Junior High) <ul><li>Students have different teachers for each subject </li></ul><ul><li>Students have lockers to store their things in (in elementary they don’t go to different classrooms, so they keep supplies in their desks) </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn more advanced math and get put into different math levels </li></ul><ul><li>Students are required to take a foreign language (usually starting in the 7th grade), there are exceptions for students with learning disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Students are usually required to chose an elective or two during the school year </li></ul><ul><li>They begin to have tech/vocational activities (Home economics, woodworking, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>- Vending machines appear, usually with lots of bad food and soda </li></ul>
  7. 7. High School <ul><li>Like middle school, they have different teachers and the schedule is divided into periods or blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Students have “free periods,” in some schools upper classmen (11th and 12th grade) can leave the school during these periods. In other schools they have assigned study hall </li></ul><ul><li>Students design their own schedules, but must have certain classes for each year </li></ul><ul><li>Grades are also called Freshman-9th, 10th-Sophomore, 11th-Junior, 12th-senior </li></ul><ul><li>There is a special dance called the junior prom for Juniors (11th grade) and the prom for the 12 grade: students spend a lot of money and dress fancy and typically many people want to lose their virginity if they haven’t done so already </li></ul><ul><li>Seniors usually have graduation a few days </li></ul><ul><li>after the prom and finish school much earlier than all other grades </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other <ul><li>Homeschooling </li></ul><ul><li>Some parents chose to teach their kids at home instead of traditional public or private school </li></ul><ul><li>-They feel that students are learning to conform, rather than getting a well-rounded education </li></ul><ul><li>-This is controversial, people stereotype that they are either super intelligent or their parents are causing them to be socially retarded or backward </li></ul><ul><li>-Many districts are starting to reject homeschooling </li></ul><ul><li>-Often parents aren’t required to have special credentials to teach their children </li></ul><ul><li>Dropping Out </li></ul><ul><li>At a certain age students have the choice to leave school (drop out) </li></ul><ul><li>The age depends on the state you live in </li></ul><ul><li>Often students who drop out, later return to school and get a lesser valued degree called a GED (general educational diploma) </li></ul><ul><li>-they can still go to college/ university with this diploma </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questions???