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Saoga presidents report tasmania


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Saoga presidents report tasmania

  1. 1. SAOGA/SAORC President SAOGA - Jill Coates TRYING TO KEEP OUT OF THE S%#T
  2. 2. Our industry colleagues • Tasmania • Bushfires • Algal blooms, recall of product, norovirus, biotoxins • NSW POMS • We reman humbled by their experience and willingness to work with us and share their knowledge.
  3. 3. Trying to keep out of the S%#t • POMS • SAMS • Me – politically • Must Improve Productivity and Profitability • Mortalities • Costs • Price
  4. 4. SA Oyster Industry • Total contribution to state economy $176 million - $36 • • • • • • million farmgate. It is the largest aquaculture sector employer. Principle of cost recovery is that the recovery of costs from industry should not stifle innovation. Cost competitive service/compliance SASQAP program – consideration must be given to more cost effective operations (business-like) as well as ways to value add this service for the benefit of all growers Breeding Program - An Industry responsibility Support for Oysters Australia – national levy
  5. 5. Trying to keep out of the S%#t - me Cost Recovery • Oysters paved the way – transparent and accountable cost recovery direct costs • Programs and activity based costing - time-wise data • All aquaculture sectors now meet together • Agree the rules of engagement • Working more collaboratively with wild catch fisheries sector – joint election policy • Reduced transaction fees (for service e.g. transfers, renewals, adding a species) to one third. • Indirect Costs • Gold plating – cost of government – cost of business/free enterprise
  6. 6. Trying to keep out of the S%#t - me • Successful campaign Marine Parks • All oyster farms in General Use Zones. • Bruce Zippel and Trudy McGowan led the initial campaign • Direct lobbying of Minister/Shadow • Commissioned our own Impact Statement • One third of all growers wrote letters of support
  7. 7. SAOGA Executive 2013 • National Seafood Industry Leadership Program (NSILP) – annual scholarship • Investigating possible: • IT solutions for stock registers • Environmental Monitoring Systems to inform decision making for • Husbandry • Biosecurity risks • Basket recycling project – EPA/SAOGA/RDA partnership • WH&S workshops and templates –insurance • Investigating stock insurance options
  8. 8. SAOGA/SAORC Funded Executive Officer • SAOGA Member is the Operating Entity (licence holders) • Corresponding leases often owned by different legal entities – now required to list all of their lease entities and lease numbers on their membership • Lease holder entities are responsible for site rehabilitation and therefore for contribution to site rehabilitation fund • PIRSA requires information about lease holder entities who are SAOGA members • No membership =$10,000 bank guarantee to PIRSA
  9. 9. Trying to keep out of the S%#t - POMS Developing a POMS Incident Response Plan for SA Scenario Planning session facilitated by Rural Directions Pty Ltd 10 August 2012 – Coffin Bay Workshop Actions 1. All growers and industry participants • Form an SA Steering Group to carry this issue forward to a national level • Develop a POMS Response Plan – A national approach was recommended to avoid duplication, gaps and inconsistencies between state responses • Undertake an active surveillance program • Oyster health is the priority • Consider a policy which involves compulsory testing during the peak risk times
  10. 10. POMS 2. Individual businesses • Induct and train all team members on the POMS Response Plan • Develop their own SOP for responding to a suspicious level of mortality • Develop a risk management plan • Implement industry approved stock recording systems 3. Industry • • • Develop an agreement for emergency relief funding Develop a cost-sharing agreement before an outbreak Arrange ―emergency kits‖ to be available, in an agreed location within each Bay, to streamline the process of getting samples tested • Consider technologies available to develop efficient and compliant stock management systems
  11. 11. POMS 1. ―Exercise Sea Fox: testing aquatic animal disease emergency response capabilities within aquaculture‖ (FRDC 2012/044) conducted in November 2012 2. Review of SAOGA Code of Practice – PIRSA and EPA 2013 Risk Assessment Workshop – informal Industry and Experts June 2013 to develop a draft Risk Assessment Framework • PIRSA/SAOGA letters to growers: • reinforcing licence conditions i.e. reporting unusual mortalities and recording stock movement • protocols for decontamination of equipment from infected bays • return of stock from interstate • 3. Updated website 2013 • • Member login Online stock translocation register
  12. 12. POMS • Draft Aquavet (POMS Emergency Response) Plan • PIRSA Disease Response Plan: Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome • Response options are: • initial containment of outbreak (stop movement of stock across State). • Then a response strategy is decided, with options being: • Eradication if feasible (e.g. land-based hatchery, marine environment unlikely but possible if infection confined to small area ) • Containment • Mitigation The response strategy would be chosen based on the specifics of the outbreak at the time, with the goal to minimize socioeconomic impact. Industry would be at the table with the State Controller to provide advice (this is written into the Plan).
  13. 13. POMS Eyre and Western Zone Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome Risk Assessment Workshop October 2013 Port Lincoln AIM: to undertake a risk assessment of a Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS) Disease outbreak in the Eyre and Western Zone. This is a scenario based risk assessment, against the impact categories identified in National Emergency Risk Assessment Guidelines (NERAG) which are; economy, people, environment, public administration, social setting and infrastructure. Participants from each of these sectors have been invited and SAOGA has targeted growers reps from each bay. PIRSA is the Hazard Leader for Animal and Plant Diseases and as such (under the State Emergency Management Plan) as been tasked by the SA government with conducting a strategic risk assessment for our hazard. OBJECTIVES: Confirm and identify strategic zone based risks associated with a POMS outbreak Confirm and identify controls already in place to reduce the risk of a POMS outbreak Rate the risks (conduct a risk assessment) Identify treatments for the intolerable risks
  14. 14. SUMMARY - POMS • Industry Emergency Response Plan • Trained Industry Liaison Officers (October Workshop) • Heightened awareness of reporting unexplained “unusual” mortalities - need • • • • • • • • SOPs at individual level – reporting into central data base Recording translocations online – needs full industry uptake Decontamination protocols -- expanded Technologies for efficient compliant stock management systems – real time aps Emergency harvest protocols Emergency testing kits in each bay Cost sharing agreement? Emergency relief fund? Surveillance program? • Risk Mitigation Strategies • Diversification - angasi • SA hatchery
  15. 15. Angasi SARDI – maintained hatchery capacity at SARDI and some supply of angasi to growers in the absence of commercial supplies. Aim is to increase supplies this year. PIRSA – endorsement of angasi on oyster growers‘ licences Working to expedite this process for growers en masse to support growers to diversify – reduced red tape, reduced cost, reduced timeframe.
  16. 16. SA Oyster hatchery • We value our Tasmanian hatchery relationships! • SAOGA/PIRSA/SARDI • Exploration of state government regional development funds and processes to: • Develop a business plan • Feasibility study including site exploration • Project brief • Project plan
  17. 17. Trying to keep out of the S%#t - SAMS South Australian Oyster Mortality Syndrome (SAMS) Upwards of 50% winter mortalities 1998, 2011, 2012 South Australia Oyster Mortality Workshops November 2012, April 2013 Draft reports prepared by Ben Madin, Rachel Gordon1 Charles Caraguel 31 July 2013 FRDC
  18. 18. SAMS – Workshop 2 with Experts and Growers Factors considered potentially significant for SAMS At the conclusion of the presentations, a number of factors were identified as core areas worthy of further investigation. These include: • Variability in nutritional availability (Feast then famine food situations, such as those related to upwelling cycles) • Preferred feed source at different stages of growth and location • Presence of opportunistic or potential pathogenic agents in the population • Impact of different management strategies on animal health • Change in sea environment during larger scale climatic events (such as La Nina/El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events) – significant reduction in phytoplankton in 20011/12 La Nina years • Impact of long term trends (climate change) on the ocean.
  19. 19. SAMS – Workshop 2 with Experts and Growers Factors unlikely to be important for SAMS A lack of consistent findings of a disease presentation unlikely the disease is being caused solely by a highly pathogenic infectious agent
  20. 20. SAMS – Workshop 2 with Experts and Growers Groups including a mix of producers and experts focussed on planning in three themes: • Environment, feed, and carrying capacity • Stock performance: genetics, growth, and mortality • Stock performance: health, prevention and control • Knowledge gaps were identified • Research areas identified
  21. 21. SAMS – Theme 1 Environment, feed, and carrying capacity Food: • – what do South Australian oysters actually eat • – how much is available and when • – effect on growth and vitality of oysters Oceanographic data: • • • • • – salinity, temperature – pH and oxygen levels – turbidity and suspended solids – currents and tidal movements in each bay – seasonal and climate event variation in each bay (chlorophyll - sunlight related? – phytoplankton? - La Nina?) Research Needs: • Extension Officer • Nutrition • Data Collection - SASQAP
  22. 22. SAMS – Theme 2 Stock performance: health, prevention and control • A lack of data, and the need to understand normal was again identified as a priority • Health at individual – field observations and microscopic • Health at population level – mortality, growth and stock profiles Research Needs: • Farmer based health monitoring • Field health professional • Laboratory based health monitoring • Industry central data base
  23. 23. SAMS – Theme 3 – Normal oyster? Stock performance: genetics, growth, and mortality • Again.. what is a normal South Australian oyster? • What are they eating? What is their metabolic rate? • Impact of changes of environment on resilience of oyster? • Linking on farm data back to genetic trials? • Selection pressure of spat on hatcheries? Faster growing oysters? Slower growing more robust in terms of disease resilience?
  24. 24. SAMS – Theme 3 – linking the data Stock performance: genetics, growth, and mortality The following are potential sources of data that are already available: • annual returns and stock books • ASI trial data (limited number of leases) • genetic variability • nutrient (phytoplankton & other) levels • climatic and oceanographic data. There is currently no capacity to evaluate changes in the situation in ‗real-time‘ as most information is stored in disparate forms in multiple locations. Some of the data is unavailable as it is collected under legislative authority. The capacity to link much of this environmental data back to oysters does not exist at this stage.(Economic data)
  25. 25. SAMS Stock performance: genetics, growth, and mortality Research and Extension • Oyster feedback and tracing • Building resilience in the SA oyster -There is scope for a three- year research project to investigate the knowledge gaps identified above in SA oyster metabolism, nutrition and immune response Early discussions would suggest a multi-disciplinary team including expertise in physiology, ecology, genetics and immunology. • Linking trials to production outcomes • Better understanding of the hatchery process
  26. 26. SAMS - Summary Better understanding of the normal oyster Some of the suggestions for monitoring discussed during the workshop included: • 1. Implement a performance monitoring system • 2. Food availability monitoring • 3. Oyster care plan—baseline testing etc. to determine what is normal • 4. Ongoing monitoring to complement research—breeding for resilience etc. • 5. Animal movement for real-time tracing in the event of a disease outbreak. A workshop to discuss and develop on-farm sampling and reporting
  27. 27. SAMS - Summary • Nutritional requirements of SA oysters • Enormous variation in the levels of phytoplankton were clearly demonstrated by the ten years worth of SASQAP data presented during the workshop. • This data however presented a further question—how much of the dietary needs of a Pacific oyster in SA waters is met by phytoplankton, and how does it vary between production location? • Currently the role of upwellings in ensuring phytoplankton availability appears to have an important place in the understanding of management of oysters.
  28. 28. SAMS - Summary Information management • Information management on many farms could and should be improved - merit in the development of an industry owned system for data storage and analysis. • Provide a simple and secure solution for individual producers to securely store their own data - also provide a multitude of outputs including annual returns, information on transfers between leases and allow disease tracing to be undertaken centrally. • Regulatory requirements need to be met by industry—an opportunity exists for the industry to develop systems of their own choosing – regulators could data mine – reducing compliance costs to industry.
  29. 29. SAMS - Summary Information extension—the case for an Oyster Extension Officer • This role might include: • facilitating trials and oyster research • involve more generic information such as analysis of climatic and oceanographic data, which could be done working with other associated groups (i.e. in the climate data case, the ASBTIA) • an information source for producers, part of which would include assimilating industry relevant information into a regular ‗newsletter‘ • coordination of information sessions and workshops, assistance with monitoring disease and support for sample submission
  30. 30. Major aquatic animal health issues Multi-disciplinary team including expertise in physiology, ecology, genetics and immunology? Sustainability (direct and indirect) Ecological Economic R and D Social R and D (Licence to operate) Integration/multidisciplinary around triple bottom line?