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  1. 1. Unit 5: Midterm Review<br />
  2. 2. Important Notes<br />Midterm Exam<br />50 questions drawn from Units 1-4<br />You will have 3 hours to take the exam, but you only have 1 chance.<br />You must complete the exam by Tuesday, July 12th.<br />You cannot make-up the exam. <br />General Points<br />Study the vocabulary words<br />Review the Power Points for each unit.<br />
  3. 3. Unit 1<br />What is meant by all things being political?<br />Is it the “master” science as suggested by Aristotle?<br />What is political power?<br />What conditions are determined by who has political power?<br />What subfields are contained within political science?<br />What do each contribute to the study?<br />
  4. 4. Unit 1<br />The SCIENCE of Political Science<br />What is required for scholarship?<br />Reason, Balance, Evidence, and Theory<br />Process of studying politics:<br />Development of hypothesis <br />Collection of data (quantified v. qualitative)<br />Empirical evaluation<br />Development of theories<br />Retesting and alterations of theory<br />
  5. 5. Unit 2<br />What is theory? <br />Who was the father of political theory? What did he argue?<br />What is contractual theory?<br />Who developed this theory?<br />What are natural rights?<br />What obligations do citizens and government have to one another?<br />Where do we see this theory reflected in the American system?<br />Be sure to know what Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau added to this general body of theory.<br />
  6. 6. Unit 2<br />Classical Theories: Marx<br />Nothing happens by accident, everything has a cause!<br />What is Marx’s basic theory?<br />Focus on Institutions<br />Constitutions were fundamental to this process to determine how institutions were supposed to act<br />Contemporary Theories<br />What is positivism and how does it influence the study of political science?<br />Behavioralism<br />Rational Choice <br />
  7. 7. Unit 2<br />What is ideology? <br />Classical Theories<br />Liberalism: Smith<br />Government intervention in the economy retards growth and development<br />Which modern ideology reflects Smith’s views?<br />Classicalism: Burke<br />Agreed with Smith that free markets were best<br />Opposed liberalism, believing they placed too much faith in human reason<br />He argued that humans were irrational and must be held in check by strong social instititutions<br />
  8. 8. Unit 2<br />Modern Theories<br />Modern Liberalism<br />Free markets take away freedom<br />Focus on positive rights<br />Modern Conservatism<br />Limited intervention in the economy<br />Strong social institutions such as religion<br />Other theories?<br />Communism and Post-Communism<br />Feminism<br />
  9. 9. Unit 3<br />What is meant by an effective, weak or failed state?<br />Be sure you know what characteristics define each.<br />Examples of each type of state.<br />What types of government exist?<br />Rule By One: Monarchy/Tyranny<br />Rule By Few: Aristocracy/Oligarchy<br />Rule By Many: Policy/Democracy<br />What is a constitution?<br />What is contained within a constitution?<br />What is the notion of constitutionalism?<br />
  10. 10. Unit 3<br />Electoral Systems: Single-Member v. Proportional<br />What are the fundamental differences between these two systems?<br />What are the benefits and drawbacks of each system?<br />What is a FPTP system and how does it influence electoral outcomes?<br />
  11. 11. Unit 4<br />Parliamentary v. Presidential: Power Structures<br />Organization of Executive Brach<br />Arrangement between legislature and executive<br />Role of parties<br />Checks and Balances/Separation of Powers<br />Defining Characteristics<br />Split-ticket voting<br />Gridlock v. Deadlock<br />Accountability (the Vote of Confidence)<br />Party Voting<br />