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PO 101: Intro to Political Science<br />Unit 7: Public Opinion, Political Parties, and Participation<br />
Administrative Matters…<br />Unit 8 (Runs today through July 12)<br />Discussion Board (2 THREADS!!!)<br />KEYNES/HAYEKand...
Remember This…The Political Process<br />Public Opinion<br />Political Parties Interest Groups<br />Why Aggregate Interest...
Interest Groups<br />S<br />
What are Interest Groups?<br />An interest group is a group of people that organizes to be heard and influence government ...
TYPES OF INTERST GROUPS - Public vs. Private<br />Classification based on the “GOALS” that the group pursues…Do they pursu...
What Makes an Interest Group Powerful? <br />1. Resources, Resources, Resources<br />	2. Size<br />	3. Leadership<br />	4....
Power 25<br />
Interest Group Strategies<br />Interest Groups have very different strategies from Political Parties:<br />ACCESS – Abilit...
Political Parties<br />Parties are quite different from Interest Groups!<br />GOALS are the SAME!<br />			Strategies and S...
Parties and Democracy<br />Many political scientists believe that parties are essential to democracy, serving as the main ...
Including a broad range of groups – Winning  Majorities
Stimulating political interest – Mobilizing Voters
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Unit08 a(po101)

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Unit08 a(po101)

  1. 1. PO 101: Intro to Political Science<br />Unit 7: Public Opinion, Political Parties, and Participation<br />
  2. 2. Administrative Matters…<br />Unit 8 (Runs today through July 12)<br />Discussion Board (2 THREADS!!!)<br />KEYNES/HAYEKand INTERVENTION<br />Seminar 2 Tomorrow Night <br />UNIT 6 AND 7 QUIZZES – TONIGHT AND FRIDAY!!!<br />UNIT 8 QUIZ - 30 QUESTIONS – 60 MINUTES<br />Chapter 16<br />Questions from you folks?<br />
  3. 3. Remember This…The Political Process<br />Public Opinion<br />Political Parties Interest Groups<br />Why Aggregate Interests?<br />
  4. 4. Interest Groups<br />S<br />
  5. 5. What are Interest Groups?<br />An interest group is a group of people that organizes to be heard and influence government programs and policies.<br />
  6. 6. TYPES OF INTERST GROUPS - Public vs. Private<br />Classification based on the “GOALS” that the group pursues…Do they pursue ends for EVERYONE or MEMBERS ONLY?<br />
  7. 7. What Makes an Interest Group Powerful? <br />1. Resources, Resources, Resources<br /> 2. Size<br /> 3. Leadership<br /> 4. Cohesiveness<br />The most effective groups like the NRA and AARP have all of these.<br />
  8. 8. Power 25<br />
  9. 9. Interest Group Strategies<br />Interest Groups have very different strategies from Political Parties:<br />ACCESS – Ability to have face to face contact with a decision maker.<br />What does it take to gain ACCESS?<br />Lobbying, Lawsuits, Amicus CuraeBriefs, Grassroots (Astro Turf)<br />
  10. 10. Political Parties<br />Parties are quite different from Interest Groups!<br />GOALS are the SAME!<br /> Strategies and Scope DIFFERENT<br />Parties are:<br /> Inclusive<br /> Broad<br />
  11. 11. Parties and Democracy<br />Many political scientists believe that parties are essential to democracy, serving as the main instrument of popular sovereignty and majority rule. What parties DO makes our democracy work.<br /><ul><li>Keeping officials responsive – Compete in Elections
  12. 12. Including a broad range of groups – Winning Majorities
  13. 13. Stimulating political interest – Mobilizing Voters
  14. 14. Ensuring accountability – Knowing who is Responsible
  15. 15. Make Sense of Complexity in Politics – Party Labels
  16. 16. Making government work – Encourage Cooperation</li></li></ul><li>The Case for Strong Parties<br /> Partisanship is not America’s political problem; instead, our parties are not strong enough to function effectively. <br />STRONG parties promote CHOICE!<br />Parties are the principle organizations that…<br /> 1. Recruit Candidates for public office (Choice)<br /> 2. Organize and Run Competitive Elections (Choice)<br /> 3. Present Alternative Policies to the Electorate (Choice)<br /> 4. Accept Responsibility for Operating the Gov.<br /> 5. Act as the Organized Opposition to the Party in Power (Choice)<br />
  17. 17. Political Parties<br />Simplifying Choices for Voters<br />Voters are pretty Dumb! (Rationally Ignorant)<br />Clear and Consistent policy positions taken by parties offer valuable information about candidates and cues on policy issues.<br />Once voters know which party usually represents their interests, the party label can be a very useful shortcut.<br />

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