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Vijoy Prakash, IAS
Principal Secretary,
Department of Transport, Bihar
Netarhat School(1967-72), Arun Ashram
60 Years of N...
NETARHAT SCHOOL: GENESIS
In 1948 Bihar Legislative Assembly made a recommendation for
setting up of a Boarding School on t...
IDENTIFICATION OF MERITORIOUS CHILDREN
ADMISSION TEST
Admission only on the basis of merit with reservation
for weaker sec...
INCLUSIVE ARCHITECTURE
Teacher centric small classrooms for 20-24
children with attached teacher room
Ashram – each for ac...
Google map of Netarhat School : Spread across the plateau
Smaller classroom with teacher’s room attached to it for keeping TLM
FLEXIBLE AND INCLUSIVE CURRICULA
Grouping of children in classes of 20 students separately for
Hindi, Mathematics and Engl...
EDUCATIONAL INCLUSION
WIDER SPECTRUM OF SUBJECTS
Science
Physics
Chemistry
Biology
Mathematics
Hindi
English
Sanskrit
Hist...
EDUCATIONAL INCLUSION
WIDE RANGE OF GAMES/ HOBBIES
Large number of indoor and outdoor games/sports- 8 Sports fields,
Lawn ...
Oath taking ceremony before the start of the Athletics Competition
Pyramid making and Bhartiyam: New dimensions of learning
Camp life outside Ashram is always a welcome treat.
SOCIAL INCLUSION
Reservation for SC/ ST through common Admission Test
SC/ST children distributed evenly in all Ashrams to ...
Dining hall in an Ashram: Same space is used for Swadhyaya. Dining is preceded by
Mantras and Swadhyaya by 5 minutes’ ‘Mau...
ADRISHTI- A COMPLETE VISUALISATION
At School of Creative Learning Inner
Visualisation Exercises have been developed
to gui...
ADRISHTI : A COMPLETE VISUALISATION
It is followed by creative
exercises like drawing pictures,
composing poems, etc.
Thes...
FINANCIAL INCLUSION
Fees to be paid on the basis of income of the
parents
All children given same facilities irrespective ...
INCLUSIVE LIVING
24 HOURS’ LEARNING
Unique Ashram System
Each Ashram having 20-24 students
Three Ashrams in a set with com...
Roster of daily chores like sweeping, washing, cleaning, etc.
Radially shown are Roll numbers of inmates of the Ashram
EVERY OCCASION IS A LEARNING OCCASION
Netarhat Education is Unique blend of Formal and Informal
Learning system
Assembly –...
Decoration in an Ashram on the occasion of Deepawali
Holika Dahan: Children bring dry wood from the forest. Message from
four directions are read in four different Indian lang...
Playing with colours during Holi organised on ground number 4 only.
Enthusiasm of children coordinated and regulated.
Parade of all NCC wings on the occasion of
Republic/Independence day and School day
UNIQUE LIBRARY SYSTEM
Large collection of books and magazines
Open access to shelf for children and teachers
Old magazines...
Newspaper Stand
A useful tool to inculcate the habit of newspaper reading
UNIQUE EVALUATION SYSTEM
Monthly test
Semester System
Grade System
Attempt (Prayas)
Achievement (Saphalata ) and
Dedicatio...
STRONG PEER LEARNING
Warm Welcome of students on the first day of
arrival and Mentoring of children by seniors – no
raggin...
Cross Country Race: The points are given to each runner on the basis of rank
(e.g. 1st 40, 2nd 39 ….. and so on) and the w...
HIGHLY QUALIFIED TEACHERS
Highly qualified and dedicated teachers and
Principal screened at all India level and even
abroa...
ISSUES AND CONCERNS
Netarhat Experiment has been able to
produce large number of school and
university toppers. One can al...
ISSUES AND CONCERNS
Can we change the admission system to capture
talented and meritorious in different types of
intellige...
Thanks for giving company
in this creative journey
of the wonderful
education system of the country.
60 years of netarhat : Lessons for Inclusive Quality Schooling
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60 years of netarhat : Lessons for Inclusive Quality Schooling

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Netarhat Residential School is a unique school set up in 1954. As it completes its 60 years, Delhi Netarhat Old Boys Association(NOBA) organized J N Dar Memorial Function on Aug 2 at India International Center in Delhi. This is the presentation made by Shri Vijoy Prakash to introduce the underlying concept of Netarhat Education System.

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60 years of netarhat : Lessons for Inclusive Quality Schooling

  1. 1. Vijoy Prakash, IAS Principal Secretary, Department of Transport, Bihar Netarhat School(1967-72), Arun Ashram 60 Years of Netarhat Education Lessons for Inclusive Quality Schooling
  2. 2. NETARHAT SCHOOL: GENESIS In 1948 Bihar Legislative Assembly made a recommendation for setting up of a Boarding School on the pattern of English Public School on a private motion of Sarjoo Prasad Sinha, MLA FG Pearce prepared the project Major role of CM Shrikrishna Singh, Education Minister Badri Narayan Verma, Chief Secretary LPSingh, and Education Secretary Jagadish Chandra Mathur Conceived as an Indian Public School supported by government fund in contrast to English Public Schools run without any support from government Established in November 1954 Netarhat experiment has been able to inspire many schools such as Indira Gandhi Girls School, Hazaribagh, Simultalla School (Bihar), Navodaya Vidyalayas, Residential Schools in Andhra Pradesh etc.
  3. 3. IDENTIFICATION OF MERITORIOUS CHILDREN ADMISSION TEST Admission only on the basis of merit with reservation for weaker sections in the age group (10-12 yrs) Multi layer screening Three components Written Viva Voce Psychological Tests But the admission test is based on testing verbal and logical intelligence. So the process captures talented only in limited area. Talented in the field of Art, Music, Drama or Sports are not captured.
  4. 4. INCLUSIVE ARCHITECTURE Teacher centric small classrooms for 20-24 children with attached teacher room Ashram – each for accommodating 20-24 students and a teacher with family having traditional courtyard based architecture to facilitate close interaction Laboratories – Physics, Chemistry and Biology each with its own lecture theatre Workshops- Metal work, Wood work, Art and Music Agricultural Farm
  5. 5. Google map of Netarhat School : Spread across the plateau
  6. 6. Smaller classroom with teacher’s room attached to it for keeping TLM
  7. 7. FLEXIBLE AND INCLUSIVE CURRICULA Grouping of children in classes of 20 students separately for Hindi, Mathematics and English For facilitating Learning at one’s own pace of learning Teacher driven curriculum – freedom to design curriculum Standard text of college standard vs Classwise texts Arithmetic by YCChakraborty, Algebra by KPBasu, Geometry by Hall and Stevens, Zoology by Jordon and Nigam, Botany by Dutta Physics by Saha and Prasad, etc Such texts provide freedom to children to learn more as per one’s own pace. So talented children have scope for learning more. This technique has been useful in helping genius like Vashishtha Narayan Singh and many more to complete degree level courses at school level itself. Teaching in Hindi at secondary level to facilitate better understanding of subject matter. English taught as an additional language.
  8. 8. EDUCATIONAL INCLUSION WIDER SPECTRUM OF SUBJECTS Science Physics Chemistry Biology Mathematics Hindi English Sanskrit History Geography Social Studies Economics Art Music Agriculture Metal work Woodwork
  9. 9. EDUCATIONAL INCLUSION WIDE RANGE OF GAMES/ HOBBIES Large number of indoor and outdoor games/sports- 8 Sports fields, Lawn Tennis, Basket Ball. Volley ball field Photography Aero modeling Ship building Computers Scouting Gardening Drama Observing Stars Mathematical Society NCC Army wing, Air wing and Naval wing Opportunity for nursing and grooming of all types of abilities and intelligence.
  10. 10. Oath taking ceremony before the start of the Athletics Competition
  11. 11. Pyramid making and Bhartiyam: New dimensions of learning
  12. 12. Camp life outside Ashram is always a welcome treat.
  13. 13. SOCIAL INCLUSION Reservation for SC/ ST through common Admission Test SC/ST children distributed evenly in all Ashrams to promote inclusive living Ashram life promoted inclusive living All children to take up serving, cleaning and washing through roster In many schools children wash their dish or clean the toilet used by them. But, we can not create impact on the caste system unless children of all communities, irrespective of caste and creed, wash the dish of all and clean the common toilet used by all. Nobody talked about caste or religion of the teachers, students or staff Inclusive Salutation – Teachers as Shrimanjee, Ladies as Mata jee, Seniors and professionals addressed with suffix of ‘jee’ such as Vijoy jee, Malijee, Naijee, etc. Nowhere ‘Sir’ or ‘Madam’ is used
  14. 14. Dining hall in an Ashram: Same space is used for Swadhyaya. Dining is preceded by Mantras and Swadhyaya by 5 minutes’ ‘Mauna’ (An exercise for inner visualisation). – Why?
  15. 15. ADRISHTI- A COMPLETE VISUALISATION At School of Creative Learning Inner Visualisation Exercises have been developed to guide visualisation activities, which has also been linked to their creative exercises. These exercises are called ‘Adrishti Yog’. It has been found that children following inner visualisation exercises develop their learning ability manifold more than those who do not practice.
  16. 16. ADRISHTI : A COMPLETE VISUALISATION It is followed by creative exercises like drawing pictures, composing poems, etc. These exercises help learners to develop power of concentration, memory and imagination. It further helps them to have better emotional control, which is now considered to be so vital for achieving success in life.
  17. 17. FINANCIAL INCLUSION Fees to be paid on the basis of income of the parents All children given same facilities irrespective of the Fees being paid by them Common Dress, books and stationeries Equal Ashram facilities - utensils, bed and bed sheets Unhindered access to sports/ library/ hobby/ NCC facilities all without any fees Common study tour, picnic etc. Lesson for RTE
  18. 18. INCLUSIVE LIVING 24 HOURS’ LEARNING Unique Ashram System Each Ashram having 20-24 students Three Ashrams in a set with common kitchen Entire management of Ashram by students (No menial staff in the Ashram) Cleaning of toilets and sweeping Ashrama Serving of food, Cleaning of dishes Morning to evening strict routine PT and games Swadhyaya in evening with Mauna Chanting of Mantra during food Ashramadhyaksha to dine with children Role of Ashram Mata Taking notes of news by Radio listening
  19. 19. Roster of daily chores like sweeping, washing, cleaning, etc. Radially shown are Roll numbers of inmates of the Ashram
  20. 20. EVERY OCCASION IS A LEARNING OCCASION Netarhat Education is Unique blend of Formal and Informal Learning system Assembly – a great learning occasion Fesivals as a learning occasion: Cultural linkage Holika dahan and Holi, Diwali and Saraswati Puja Republic day, Independence day and School day ‘Better than the best’ approach Village visit : camp life Study tour Use of vacation for learning Forest as a place of learning Visit of forest to collect leaves, seeds etc. Bird Watching Snake caught from forest by Vasudevan jee and brought to laboratory
  21. 21. Decoration in an Ashram on the occasion of Deepawali
  22. 22. Holika Dahan: Children bring dry wood from the forest. Message from four directions are read in four different Indian languages, translated in Hindi also, and heap of wood is burnt by torches from four directions. It is followed by Holi songs like Jogira.
  23. 23. Playing with colours during Holi organised on ground number 4 only. Enthusiasm of children coordinated and regulated.
  24. 24. Parade of all NCC wings on the occasion of Republic/Independence day and School day
  25. 25. UNIQUE LIBRARY SYSTEM Large collection of books and magazines Open access to shelf for children and teachers Old magazines kept in bound form Activities to promote book reading Antakshari Essay writing Book Review Library during leisure Facility for issuing books
  26. 26. Newspaper Stand A useful tool to inculcate the habit of newspaper reading
  27. 27. UNIQUE EVALUATION SYSTEM Monthly test Semester System Grade System Attempt (Prayas) Achievement (Saphalata ) and Dedication(Nishtha) Special report to parents in words Teacher driven evaluation Examples of unique evaluations such as one problem many solutions
  28. 28. STRONG PEER LEARNING Warm Welcome of students on the first day of arrival and Mentoring of children by seniors – no ragging Close interaction in Ashrams Group competition (sports, drama, Antakshari etc.) based on Ashrams/ Sets/batch Cross country Picnics Study tours Conducting classes during elections
  29. 29. Cross Country Race: The points are given to each runner on the basis of rank (e.g. 1st 40, 2nd 39 ….. and so on) and the winning group is declared on the basis of highest points achieved by a group.
  30. 30. HIGHLY QUALIFIED TEACHERS Highly qualified and dedicated teachers and Principal screened at all India level and even abroad Pay Scale equal to the college teachers and Principal Special administrative system under direct control of government Now given autonomy and is run by Netarhat Vidyalaya Samiti headed by a Netarhat Allumni.
  31. 31. ISSUES AND CONCERNS Netarhat Experiment has been able to produce large number of school and university toppers. One can also find large number of IAS, IPS, Scientists, Engineers, Doctors or other professionals among its alumni, but the real challenge remains to assess the number of change agents produced by it in the society.
  32. 32. ISSUES AND CONCERNS Can we change the admission system to capture talented and meritorious in different types of intelligence to really nurse and groom the talented and genius? How can we change the pedagogy to introduce Creativity and Innovation in the learning process? How can we produce more entrepreneurs? How can we integrate more technology in the learning system to make it more effective? How can we support the talented children in post school period? How can we make the system more cost efficient?
  33. 33. Thanks for giving company in this creative journey of the wonderful education system of the country.

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