THE FORMAL ELEMENTS →line and value →light →color and pattern →textureand volume →shape →space motion →time and Some works also contain : →chance →improvisation →spontaneity →engaging senses sight other than
LineA line is a moving point, having length and no width.Actual lines physically exist and can be broad, thin, straight, jagged…Implied lines do not physically exist, but appear to be real.
A line’s direction describes spatial relationships. Horizontal - imply inactivity. Vertical - the potential of action. Diagonal - suggest movement, like falling trees. Curving - suggest flowing movement.
Lines have direction: →horizontal →vertical →diagonal →curved →meandering
Line quality expresses a range of emotions, fragility, roughness, anger, whimsy, vigor...
Compare - Utagawa Kunisada. Shoki the Demon Queller,c.1849–1853. Woodblock print, 14" × 9 1/2". Burrell Collection, Glasgow.With Paul Klee, They’re Biting, 1920.Drawing and oil on paper, 121/4" × 91/4". Tate Gallery, London.
Gesture lines - rapid, sketchy marks mimicking the movement of human eyes when examining a subject.
Outline - follows the edges of a silhouette of a 3-d form with uniform line thickness.
Contour lines mark the edges of a 3-d object with varying line thickness and with some internal detail.
Cross-contours - repeated lines around an object and express its 3-dimensionality.
Lines can produce tones, or values, as in parallel lines of hatching.Parallel lines in layers is crosshatching. Crosshatching Many thin, parallel lines create the illusion of a gray tone, parallel lines layered on top of each other create darker gray tones