What do we do with art?
• How do you use art?
• Why do we keep art?
Museums & Private Collections
• Art collections
• Museum: ancient Greek mouseion
(university), 15th
century Europe referri...
Who owns collections and why?
• Nobility, Heads of State, Countries
• Private Art Collectors
• Private become public…
– Do...
How are collections built?
• European History:
– Enlightenment
– Romantic period
• Capitalism: ownership, control, possess...
National Museum
• London’s British Museum, France’s Louvre in
Paris, Vatican Museum, Smithsonian Institute
in Washington, ...
Art Museums
• Exhibits art to maximize formal and aesthetic
qualities
• Private institutions, public museums
supported by ...
Regional Museums
• Interest of local and regional cultural area
• Variety in collections, missions and programs
Latino Cul...
Preserving art
• Weather
• Time
• People
– War
– Pollution
– Vandals
– Tourists
– Ignorance
Altamira Caves
Restoration
Michelangelo. Pieta. 1499. Marble. St. Peter's, Vatican.
Mona at the Louvre
Controversy of Restoration
Michelangelo, Detail of Sistine Chapel, 1508-1512,Vatican, Rome, Italy
Saving Art
• Art is endangered by…
– Climate
– War
– People
• World War II, Nazi and their preoccupation with
art in Europ...
When art is not saved…
• Afghanistan
• Iconoclast
• Art destroyed as strategy of war
Conquest
• Aztecs and Spaniards
Recall
• What are the major differences between
these three museums?
• National museums
• Art museums
• Regional museums
Chapter5 making art using art and preserving art inet
Chapter5 making art using art and preserving art inet
Chapter5 making art using art and preserving art inet
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Chapter5 making art using art and preserving art inet

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What types of art museum are there? Why do we keep art?

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Chapter5 making art using art and preserving art inet

  1. 1. What do we do with art? • How do you use art? • Why do we keep art?
  2. 2. Museums & Private Collections • Art collections • Museum: ancient Greek mouseion (university), 15th century Europe referring to collections of interesting objects
  3. 3. Who owns collections and why? • Nobility, Heads of State, Countries • Private Art Collectors • Private become public… – Donated or sold: • personal gain • Fame • preservation for posterity
  4. 4. How are collections built? • European History: – Enlightenment – Romantic period • Capitalism: ownership, control, possession • Colonialism: colonized countries’ art & artifacts filled European museums through conquest and colonization
  5. 5. National Museum • London’s British Museum, France’s Louvre in Paris, Vatican Museum, Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D. C. • Donated or purchased private collections • Large institution with several types of collections: – Cultural items, artifacts, different countries – Fine and ancient art
  6. 6. Art Museums • Exhibits art to maximize formal and aesthetic qualities • Private institutions, public museums supported by tax money, university run museums • Modern art museums: – Most current art – Unusual, challenging to public audience
  7. 7. Regional Museums • Interest of local and regional cultural area • Variety in collections, missions and programs Latino Cultural Center, Dallas
  8. 8. Preserving art • Weather • Time • People – War – Pollution – Vandals – Tourists – Ignorance Altamira Caves
  9. 9. Restoration Michelangelo. Pieta. 1499. Marble. St. Peter's, Vatican.
  10. 10. Mona at the Louvre
  11. 11. Controversy of Restoration Michelangelo, Detail of Sistine Chapel, 1508-1512,Vatican, Rome, Italy
  12. 12. Saving Art • Art is endangered by… – Climate – War – People • World War II, Nazi and their preoccupation with art in Europe during the Holocaust • Rape of Europa, documentary film • “The Monument Men”, soldiers who saved European art during war
  13. 13. When art is not saved… • Afghanistan • Iconoclast • Art destroyed as strategy of war
  14. 14. Conquest • Aztecs and Spaniards
  15. 15. Recall • What are the major differences between these three museums? • National museums • Art museums • Regional museums

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