Chapter5 making art using art and preserving art inet
What do we do with art?
• How do you use art?
• Why do we keep art?
Museums & Private Collections
• Art collections
• Museum: ancient Greek mouseion
century Europe referring to
collections of interesting objects
Who owns collections and why?
• Nobility, Heads of State, Countries
• Private Art Collectors
• Private become public…
– Donated or sold:
• personal gain
• preservation for posterity
How are collections built?
• European History:
– Romantic period
• Capitalism: ownership, control, possession
• Colonialism: colonized countries’ art &
artifacts filled European museums through
conquest and colonization
• London’s British Museum, France’s Louvre in
Paris, Vatican Museum, Smithsonian Institute
in Washington, D. C.
• Donated or purchased private collections
• Large institution with several types of
– Cultural items, artifacts, different countries
– Fine and ancient art
• Exhibits art to maximize formal and aesthetic
• Private institutions, public museums
supported by tax money, university run
• Modern art museums:
– Most current art
– Unusual, challenging to public audience
• Interest of local and regional cultural area
• Variety in collections, missions and programs
Latino Cultural Center, Dallas
Michelangelo. Pieta. 1499. Marble. St. Peter's, Vatican.
Controversy of Restoration
Michelangelo, Detail of Sistine Chapel, 1508-1512,Vatican, Rome, Italy
• Art is endangered by…
• World War II, Nazi and their preoccupation with
art in Europe during the Holocaust
• Rape of Europa, documentary film
• “The Monument Men”, soldiers who saved
European art during war
When art is not saved…
• Art destroyed as strategy of war