Reproduction and Sexuality
Chapter 7
First Couple
• Primoridial couples: (first couple)
representation of the “mother” and “father”
of humankind
– Creation myt...
Adam and Eve
Various depictions over the centuries.
Focus on the “temptation” and
“expulsion”.
Knowledge or awareness of s...
Temptation (detail),
Hugo van der Goes
c.1470 (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna)
Fall and Expulsion of Adam and Eve,
1510
Michelangelo. Fresco, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome
Marriage
• Human couples in art-
exhibit range of
marriage traditions and
culture
• Symbolism
The Arnolfini Marriage
Jan van Eyck
Netherlands, 1434
32 x 23”, Oil paint on oak
Iconography
• Visual METAPHOR-image or element that is
descriptive of something else.
• SYMBOL-image or element that stand...
Stations of the Cross
• Christian and spiritual as well as legal and
factual
• Painting is legal document
Signature
• Jan van Eyck was here in 1434
• Witness to the marriage
Single Candle
• Represents all seeing eye of God
• Placed next to the beds of newlyweds to
encourage fertility
Loyalty
• Faithfulness
• Earthly love
Expensive Fruit
• Imported food, wealth
• Fertility
• Forbidden fruit
• Sin sanctified by marriage
Linked Hands
• Signifies union of two as one in Christian
marriage
• The pose
– Emphasizes stomach
– Focus of beauty
– Fertility
– Future pregnancy
• The dress
– Fashionable
– Color of fert...
Wife’s shoes near the bed
Husband’s shoes near the outside world
• Belief that touching ground with bare feet
ensures fertility
The Act of Sex in Art
Roman imperial oil lamp with erotic scene
A sexual wall painting in Pompeii
Sunga Empire sculpture (India), 1st century BCE. Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Relief carving from the Kandarya Mahadeva Temple, Khajuraho, India, c. 1000
“The Hindu religion openly celebrates sexual l...
Fertility
• Sculpture made for the purpose of enhancing
fertility, procreation
• Fertility Goddesses and Gods
• Ritualisti...
• Venus of Willendorf,
Austria
• C. 25,000-20,000 BCE
• Stone, 4 inches high
• Exaggerated body parts
ARTIST Jacopo da Pontormo
PAINTING The Visitation
Oil on Canvas
79 ½ x 61 3/8 in.
1528
Italy
Bill Viola
The Greeting,
1995
video sound installation, production still
Red Nude, Pregnant, 1910
The bodily distortions, explicit eroticism
and anguish which made Egon
Schiele’s artworks unpopul...
Alice Neel
The Pregnant Woman
1971
oil on canvas
40 x 60 in.
"I thought the whole picture of woman
without pregnancy was ....
Birth
Mother and Child
Egon Schiele "The Family"
1918, oil on canvas, Osterreichische
Galerie, Vienna
THE FEMALE FIGURE
&
THE MALE GAZE
Sexuality in art
Alessandro Botticelli (Florentine, 1444/5-1510)
THE BIRTH OF VENUS
Titian, Venus of Urbino, 1538, Oil on canvas
The Rokeby Venus (also known as The Toilet of Venus, Venus at her Mirror,
Venus and Cupid, or La Venus del espejo) by Dieg...
La Maja Desnuda by Francisco de Goya
(1797- 1800)
In 1815 the Spanish Inquisition stripped Goya of his title
of court pain...
La maja vestida, ca. 1803
Grande Odalisque
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, France, 1814, oil on
canvas.
Edward Manet, Olympia, France, 1863.
Les Demoiselles
d'Avignon (The Young
Ladies of Avignon)
PABLO PICASSO
1907
Edward Weston, Nude, 1925.
MALE NUDITY IN ART
Because we should…
Robert Mapplethorpe. Tulip, 1984.
The Boxers, 5th century BCE, this pottery image from Ancient Greece
Triumph of Samson
By Guido Reni
Jacques Louis David (1748-1825)
John Singer Sargent (1856-1925)
Thomas E. McKellar, 1918
Alice Neel, "John Perreault," 1972. Collection: Whitney Museum of
American Art.
The Turkish Bath by Sylvia Sleigh
ROBERT MAPPLETHORPE
Ajitto, 1981
Yasumasu Morimura, Portrait (Twins), 1988, color photograph, 6ft x 9ft.
Annie Leibovitz
Lance Armstrong, New York City
Iris print, 1999
Critical Thinking
• Compare/contrast the female nude art versus
the art with male nudity.
• What major differences, if any...
FROM A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE
Sexuality in Art
guerrilla - a member of an irregular armed force that fights a stronger force by sabotage
and harassment
Guerrilla Girls. Do Women Have to Be Naked to Get into the Met. Museum?
1986. Street poster, USA.
P. 83 & 92, Deriving Mea...
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART
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Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART

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How do artists incorporate sexuality and reproduction in art?

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Chapter 7 Reproduction and Sexuality in ART

  1. 1. Reproduction and Sexuality Chapter 7
  2. 2. First Couple • Primoridial couples: (first couple) representation of the “mother” and “father” of humankind – Creation myths – Marriage rituals
  3. 3. Adam and Eve Various depictions over the centuries. Focus on the “temptation” and “expulsion”. Knowledge or awareness of sex or self? Masaccio, The Expulsion from Paradise, Italy, 1427, Fresco.
  4. 4. Temptation (detail), Hugo van der Goes c.1470 (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna)
  5. 5. Fall and Expulsion of Adam and Eve, 1510 Michelangelo. Fresco, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome
  6. 6. Marriage • Human couples in art- exhibit range of marriage traditions and culture • Symbolism
  7. 7. The Arnolfini Marriage Jan van Eyck Netherlands, 1434 32 x 23”, Oil paint on oak
  8. 8. Iconography • Visual METAPHOR-image or element that is descriptive of something else. • SYMBOL-image or element that stands for or represents some other entity or concept. • ICONOGRAPHY-system of symbols that allows artists to refer to complex ideas.
  9. 9. Stations of the Cross • Christian and spiritual as well as legal and factual • Painting is legal document
  10. 10. Signature • Jan van Eyck was here in 1434 • Witness to the marriage
  11. 11. Single Candle • Represents all seeing eye of God • Placed next to the beds of newlyweds to encourage fertility
  12. 12. Loyalty • Faithfulness • Earthly love
  13. 13. Expensive Fruit • Imported food, wealth • Fertility • Forbidden fruit • Sin sanctified by marriage
  14. 14. Linked Hands • Signifies union of two as one in Christian marriage
  15. 15. • The pose – Emphasizes stomach – Focus of beauty – Fertility – Future pregnancy • The dress – Fashionable – Color of fertility • The bed – Enter the world – Leave the world – Red for passion
  16. 16. Wife’s shoes near the bed
  17. 17. Husband’s shoes near the outside world • Belief that touching ground with bare feet ensures fertility
  18. 18. The Act of Sex in Art
  19. 19. Roman imperial oil lamp with erotic scene
  20. 20. A sexual wall painting in Pompeii
  21. 21. Sunga Empire sculpture (India), 1st century BCE. Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  22. 22. Relief carving from the Kandarya Mahadeva Temple, Khajuraho, India, c. 1000 “The Hindu religion openly celebrates sexual love, as erotic coupling… a virtue and a path that leads to redemption.”- Exploring Art
  23. 23. Fertility • Sculpture made for the purpose of enhancing fertility, procreation • Fertility Goddesses and Gods • Ritualistic use
  24. 24. • Venus of Willendorf, Austria • C. 25,000-20,000 BCE • Stone, 4 inches high • Exaggerated body parts
  25. 25. ARTIST Jacopo da Pontormo PAINTING The Visitation Oil on Canvas 79 ½ x 61 3/8 in. 1528 Italy
  26. 26. Bill Viola The Greeting, 1995 video sound installation, production still
  27. 27. Red Nude, Pregnant, 1910 The bodily distortions, explicit eroticism and anguish which made Egon Schiele’s artworks unpopular during his lifetime are the same features which make them so mesmerizing today. Schiele (1890 – 1918) was an exceptionally prolific Austrian Expressionist .© Art.com
  28. 28. Alice Neel The Pregnant Woman 1971 oil on canvas 40 x 60 in. "I thought the whole picture of woman without pregnancy was . . . trivial," Neel said. "It's treating woman as sex object. But you know, sex results in something."
  29. 29. Birth
  30. 30. Mother and Child
  31. 31. Egon Schiele "The Family" 1918, oil on canvas, Osterreichische Galerie, Vienna
  32. 32. THE FEMALE FIGURE & THE MALE GAZE Sexuality in art
  33. 33. Alessandro Botticelli (Florentine, 1444/5-1510) THE BIRTH OF VENUS
  34. 34. Titian, Venus of Urbino, 1538, Oil on canvas
  35. 35. The Rokeby Venus (also known as The Toilet of Venus, Venus at her Mirror, Venus and Cupid, or La Venus del espejo) by Diego Velázquez (1599–1660)
  36. 36. La Maja Desnuda by Francisco de Goya (1797- 1800) In 1815 the Spanish Inquisition stripped Goya of his title of court painter because this was considered obscene. Stamps picturing this were approved in 1930 by the Spanish Postal Authority. The same year the United States government banned and returned any mail bearing the stamp. In 1959 the U.S. Post Office banned its mailing as a reproduction that was being used for publicity of a movie of Goya's life.
  37. 37. La maja vestida, ca. 1803
  38. 38. Grande Odalisque Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, France, 1814, oil on canvas.
  39. 39. Edward Manet, Olympia, France, 1863.
  40. 40. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (The Young Ladies of Avignon) PABLO PICASSO 1907
  41. 41. Edward Weston, Nude, 1925.
  42. 42. MALE NUDITY IN ART Because we should… Robert Mapplethorpe. Tulip, 1984.
  43. 43. The Boxers, 5th century BCE, this pottery image from Ancient Greece
  44. 44. Triumph of Samson By Guido Reni
  45. 45. Jacques Louis David (1748-1825)
  46. 46. John Singer Sargent (1856-1925) Thomas E. McKellar, 1918
  47. 47. Alice Neel, "John Perreault," 1972. Collection: Whitney Museum of American Art.
  48. 48. The Turkish Bath by Sylvia Sleigh
  49. 49. ROBERT MAPPLETHORPE Ajitto, 1981
  50. 50. Yasumasu Morimura, Portrait (Twins), 1988, color photograph, 6ft x 9ft.
  51. 51. Annie Leibovitz Lance Armstrong, New York City Iris print, 1999
  52. 52. Critical Thinking • Compare/contrast the female nude art versus the art with male nudity. • What major differences, if any do you find?
  53. 53. FROM A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE Sexuality in Art
  54. 54. guerrilla - a member of an irregular armed force that fights a stronger force by sabotage and harassment
  55. 55. Guerrilla Girls. Do Women Have to Be Naked to Get into the Met. Museum? 1986. Street poster, USA. P. 83 & 92, Deriving Meaning, Feminist Criticism in Exploring Art

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