Art that Speaks to the Social
Consciousness
Chapter 11
Social Protest & Affirmation
What would you protest?
• Protest: express
opposition through
action or words; the act
of making a strong
public expressio...
Art as Protest
• Protests Against Military Action
• Fighting for the Oppressed
• Affirmation
• Representing the underrepre...
18th
Century Spanish Artist: Francisco Goya
Los Caprichos
Thou Who Canst Not. (Caprichos, no. 42:
Tu que no puedes.), 1796-1797. Etching
and burnished aquatint
The Sleep of Reason Produces
Monsters: Plate 43 of The
Caprices (Los Caprichos), 1799
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes
(Spani...
About Goya’s work…
• The 1808 invasion of Spain by Napoleon’s army and the succeeding French
occupation, which lasted unti...
Francisco Goya: The Third of May, 1808
1814-15
Oil on canvas, 8'9" x 13'4"
Collection Museo del Prado, Madrid
And There's Nothing to Be Done (Y no hai remedio), 1810–23
Goya's Disasters of War
19th century German artist: Kathe Kollwitz
While I drew, and wept along with the terrified
children I was drawing, I reall...
Käthe Kollwitz, Outbreak, 1903
Asking Questions About Society
• Would you be willing
to protest against
something or in
support of a belief if
you knew y...
Contemporary
Artist: Ai Weiwei
Chinese contemporary artist
An outspoken human rights activist, Ai was arrested by
Chinese ...
Ai Weiwei
Han Dynasty Urn with Coca-Cola
Logo
10" by 11" by 11"
paint/Han Dynasty urn
1994
Critical Thinking
• What is the artist communicating through his
piece: Han Dynasty Urn with Coca-Cola Logo?
• Compare to ...
Cildo Meireles. Insertions into Ideological Circuits: Coca Cola Project,
Brazil, 1970. Screen print on Coca Cola bottles.
On the bottles, such messages as
‘Yankees Go Home’ are followed by the
work’s title and the artist’s statement of
purpose:...
Contemporary Artist:
Shepard Fairey
Fairey's multi-layered
renderings of counter-
cultural revolutionaries and
rap, punk a...
His portrait of Barack Obama, a ubiquitous
sight on the campaign trail, drew a new
level of attention to the artist's work...
Contemporary Artist: Shirin Neshat
Speechless is part of a series of
photographs titled “Women of
Allah” by Shirin Neshat....
"Speechless" by Shirin Neshat, Iranian, born 1957.
RC print and ink, 66 x 521/2 “
Courtesy of the artist and Gladstone Gal...
Contemporary Artist: Jenny Holzer
Whether questioning consumerist
impulses, describing torture, or lamenting
death and dis...
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Text: Selections from Truisms
(1977-79), Inflammatory Essays (1979-82), Living (19...
The Elmer Holmes Bobst
Library, New York University;
Presented by Creative Time; ©
2007 Jenny Holzer, member
Artist Rights...
Processing
• Identify which artist belongs in each group:
Protests Against Military Action
Fighting for the Oppressed
A...
Chapter 11 social protest and affirmation
Chapter 11 social protest and affirmation
Chapter 11 social protest and affirmation
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Chapter 11 social protest and affirmation

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How do artists use their art as a voice for protest?

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Chapter 11 social protest and affirmation

  1. 1. Art that Speaks to the Social Consciousness Chapter 11 Social Protest & Affirmation
  2. 2. What would you protest? • Protest: express opposition through action or words; the act of making a strong public expression of disagreement and disapproval
  3. 3. Art as Protest • Protests Against Military Action • Fighting for the Oppressed • Affirmation • Representing the underrepresented • Questioning the Status Quo
  4. 4. 18th Century Spanish Artist: Francisco Goya
  5. 5. Los Caprichos Thou Who Canst Not. (Caprichos, no. 42: Tu que no puedes.), 1796-1797. Etching and burnished aquatint
  6. 6. The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters: Plate 43 of The Caprices (Los Caprichos), 1799 Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, 1746–1828) Etching, aquatint, drypoint, and burin Source: Francisco de Goya y Lucientes: The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters: Plate 43 of The Caprices (Los Caprichos) (18.64.43) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art The artist's nightmare reflected his view of Spanish society, which he portrayed as demented, corrupt, and ripe for ridicule.
  7. 7. About Goya’s work… • The 1808 invasion of Spain by Napoleon’s army and the succeeding French occupation, which lasted until 1814, had a profound impact on Francisco Goya. • A powerful anti-war statement, Goya is not only criticizing the nations that wage war on one another, but is also admonishing us, the viewers, for being complicit in acts of violence, which occur not between abstract entities like “countries,” but between one human being standing a few feet away from another. • n the gruesome Disasters of War series begun in the 1808, but published decades later, Goya created images that were unambiguously anti-war.
  8. 8. Francisco Goya: The Third of May, 1808 1814-15 Oil on canvas, 8'9" x 13'4" Collection Museo del Prado, Madrid
  9. 9. And There's Nothing to Be Done (Y no hai remedio), 1810–23 Goya's Disasters of War
  10. 10. 19th century German artist: Kathe Kollwitz While I drew, and wept along with the terrified children I was drawing, I really felt the burden I am bearing. I felt that I have no right to withdraw from the responsibility of being an advocate. Kathe Kollwitz
  11. 11. Käthe Kollwitz, Outbreak, 1903
  12. 12. Asking Questions About Society • Would you be willing to protest against something or in support of a belief if you knew you might be imprisoned for it?
  13. 13. Contemporary Artist: Ai Weiwei Chinese contemporary artist An outspoken human rights activist, Ai was arrested by Chinese authorities in April 2011 and held incommunicado for three months. Upon his release, he was prohibited from traveling abroad, engaging in public speech, and was subjected to continued government surveillance.
  14. 14. Ai Weiwei Han Dynasty Urn with Coca-Cola Logo 10" by 11" by 11" paint/Han Dynasty urn 1994
  15. 15. Critical Thinking • What is the artist communicating through his piece: Han Dynasty Urn with Coca-Cola Logo? • Compare to Cildo Meireles’ piece on page 299 of your textbook.
  16. 16. Cildo Meireles. Insertions into Ideological Circuits: Coca Cola Project, Brazil, 1970. Screen print on Coca Cola bottles.
  17. 17. On the bottles, such messages as ‘Yankees Go Home’ are followed by the work’s title and the artist’s statement of purpose: ‘To register informations and critical opinions on bottles and return them to circulation’. The Coca-Cola bottle is an everyday object of mass circulation; in 1970 in Brazil it was a symbol of US imperialism and it has become, globally, a symbol of capitalist consumerism. As the bottle progressively empties of dark brown liquid, the statement printed in white letters on a transparent label adhering to its side becomes increasingly invisible, only to reappear when the bottle is refilled for recirculation.
  18. 18. Contemporary Artist: Shepard Fairey Fairey's multi-layered renderings of counter- cultural revolutionaries and rap, punk and rock stars, as well as updated and re- imagined propaganda-style posters, carry his signature graphic style, marked by his frequent use of black, white, and red.
  19. 19. His portrait of Barack Obama, a ubiquitous sight on the campaign trail, drew a new level of attention to the artist's work and was recently acquired by the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, DC, for its collection.
  20. 20. Contemporary Artist: Shirin Neshat Speechless is part of a series of photographs titled “Women of Allah” by Shirin Neshat. Neshat was raised in Qazvin, Iran, but left her country to pursue art in the US after high school. She was unable to return back to Iran until eleven years later because of the Islamic Revolution in 1979. When she finally returned to Iran, it was completely different from the country she grew up in.
  21. 21. "Speechless" by Shirin Neshat, Iranian, born 1957. RC print and ink, 66 x 521/2 “ Courtesy of the artist and Gladstone Gallery New York, 2006 In Speechless, Neshat uses a woman in mourning to represent the oppression of women in the Islamic culture. Speechless is simple but also very complex due to the symbolism of each object in the picture. The solemn look on the woman’s face with the tears brimming at her eyes gives a look of strength and also a cry for help. Neshat makes the symbol of a woman in mourning more powerful by having opposites of each emotion in the photograph: freedom and oppression, strength and weakness, determination and submission, hope and despair.
  22. 22. Contemporary Artist: Jenny Holzer Whether questioning consumerist impulses, describing torture, or lamenting death and disease, Jenny Holzer’s use of language provokes a response in the viewer. While her work often blends in among advertisements in public space, its arresting content violates expectations. Holzer’s texts—such as the aphorisms “Abuse of power comes as no surprise” and “Protect me from what I want”—have appeared on posters and condoms, and as electronic LED signs and projections of xenon light.
  23. 23. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Text: Selections from Truisms (1977-79), Inflammatory Essays (1979-82), Living (1980-82), Survival (1983- 85), Under a Rock (1986), Laments (1989), Mother and Child (1990); © 2007 Jenny Holzer, member Artist Rights Society (ARS), NY; Photo: David Heald
  24. 24. The Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, New York University; Presented by Creative Time; © 2007 Jenny Holzer, member Artist Rights Society (ARS), NY; Photo: Attilio Maranzano; Text: U.S. Government Document
  25. 25. Processing • Identify which artist belongs in each group: Protests Against Military Action Fighting for the Oppressed Affirmation Representing the underrepresented Questioning the Status Quo Francisco Goya, Kathe Kolwitz, Ai Weiwei, Shepard Fairey, Jenny Holzer, Shirin Neshat, Cildo Meireles

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