Oral history irb

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Oral history irb

  1. 1. Oral Histories: What you need to know before going into the field…<br />Andy Newman, ITF, Brooklyn College<br />anewman@gc.cuny.edu<br />
  2. 2. What is the IRB?<br />An IRB (Institutional Review Board for human participants) is a group of at least five individuals with varying backgrounds to promote complete and adequate review of research studies. An IRB conducts the initial and annual reviews of a research study. <br />
  3. 3. What is a human participant?<br />A human participant is a living individual about whom a researcher obtains data through intervention or interaction (interviews) with the individual, or through identifiable private information (data with identifiers).<br />
  4. 4. What/who is at “risk” in interviews?<br />Research participants may be exposed to physical, psychological social and economic risks.<br />What types of risk could come up in your research projects?<br />
  5. 5. What/who is at “risk” in interviews?<br />Legal risks? (immigration status, criminal records, etc.)<br />
  6. 6. What/who is at “risk” in interviews?<br />Legal risks? (immigration status, criminal records, etc.)<br />Moral/ethical risk? (embarrassment, psychological discomfort, etc.) <br />
  7. 7. What/who is at “risk” in interviews?<br />You may be at risk! These individuals are strangers, so:<br />Be wary of accepting invitations to visit participants at home (go in groups of two or more.)<br />Arrange interviews in public places (coffee shops are always a good bet.)<br />
  8. 8. Protecting your research participants: key terms<br />Anonymity means the researcher has no record of the identity of the participants. <br />Confidentiality means the researcher knows the identity of the participants but will keep the participants' identity and all identifying characteristics confidential.<br />
  9. 9. Guarding confidentiality on a web-based project<br />Use pseudonyms for your research subjects.<br />Use pseudonyms for living people who your research subject describes.<br />EXCEPTION: public figures (i.e. politicians and celebrities can be named.) <br />DO include biographical details.<br />DON’T name names or use information that could compromise your participants’ privacy.<br />
  10. 10. Interviewing 101<br />Be polite and gracious (these people are volunteering their time to help you with your class project!).<br />Be appreciative in your words and actions.<br />Don’t forget: you are representing Brooklyn College (and MHC!) to the community in this situation.<br />
  11. 11. Interviewing 101<br />Ask permission to record, photograph, and video (Do not secretly record or otherwise deceive your research participants!)<br />Be open about what you are researching, what you want to know, and why you are doing the project. You should have nothing to hide from your participants.<br />
  12. 12. Interviewing 101<br />DO arrive prepared with a list of questions.<br />DON’T be afraid to be spontaneous or let interviews digress. The best answers are often to the questions you didn’t know you should ask!<br />Ask for examples and details. <br />Don’t assume you know the history (even if you think you do): always get their stories on how it was for them. <br />
  13. 13. Created with materials from:<br />http://web.gc.cuny.edu/orup/humansubjects.html<br />

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