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S11 eng10104 030711_runonfragment

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S11 eng10104 030711_runonfragment

  1. 1. Run On Sentences & Fragments! <ul><li>Sentence fragments are sentences that are incomplete; a phrase or clause that is punctuated like a complete sentence. There are many reasons why a sentence is fragmented :
  2. 2. Lacks a subject :
  3. 3. Many astropsychisists now believe that galaxies are distributed in clusters. And even form supercluster complexes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fragments! <ul><li>The fragment lacks a verb .
  5. 5. Every generation has its defining moments. Usually the events with the most news coverage.
  6. 6. It lacks both a subject AND verb .
  7. 7. Researchers are engaged in a variety of studies. Suggesting a link between alcoholism and heredity.
  8. 8. See note for sentence completeness test and more on revising fragments . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Time Out <ul><li>Pause.
  10. 10. Take a breath!
  11. 11. Questions!? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Dependent Clauses! <ul><li>It is a dependent clause .
  13. 13. A dependent clause contains both a subject and verb, but cannot stand alone as a sentence. It needs an independent clause to be complete.
  14. 14. Recently retired ArchBishop Desmund Tutu was awarded the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize. Because he fought to end apartheid. (connect dependent clause to independent clause)
  15. 15. See note for more on revising and attaching dependent clauses . </li></ul>
  16. 16. Phrases! <ul><li>Phrases provide information about other words or elements in a sentence.
  17. 17. They lack a subject , verb , and cannot stand alone in a sentence .
  18. 18. Often they are MISSING INFORMATION.
  19. 19. Finally, a new home for the family. (missing subject/verb )
  20. 20. See note for more on revising phrases with transitions . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Prepositional Phrases <ul><li>A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition , its object , and any modifiers of the object .
  22. 22. To fix them, attach PP to an independent clause .
  23. 23. Toni ran five miles. On the final day at Monmouth. (second sentence is a prepositional phrase )
  24. 24. Toni ran five miles, on the final day at Monmouth. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Time Out! <ul><li>Pause.
  26. 26. Take a breath!
  27. 27. Questions?! </li></ul>
  28. 28. Revising Run Ons & Comma Splices! <ul><li>A run on sentence is an error that occurs when two independent clauses are joined incorrectly. This can happen via two ways:
  29. 29. Comma splices , also known as comma faults , occur when two independent clauses are joined with just a comma .
  30. 30. Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Micawber, he also created Uriah Heep.
  31. 31. See note for more on revising comma splices . </li></ul>
  32. 32. Revising Comma Splices! <ul><li>Two independent clauses need a conjunction and a comma . To fix this, add a conjunction (and, or, nor).
  33. 33. Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Macawber, and he also created Uriah Heep.
  34. 34. Or...
  35. 35. Use a semicolon !
  36. 36. Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Macawber; he also created Uriah Heep. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Fused Sentences! <ul><li>Fused sentences happen when two independent clauses have no punctuation.
  38. 38. Charles Dickens created the character of Mr. Micawber he also created Uriah Heep.
  39. 39. See note for tips on revising run ons , fragments , and fused sentences . Grammar checkers will only correct about 50% of run ons, fragments, and fused sentences. </li></ul>

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